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Reitsma, J.P. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Reducing high workload levels are a major challenge to enable single pilot operations. Where the pilot is currently supported with many automated systems, the role of mission planner is relatively unsupported, i.e., the flight crew is required to integrate and combine information from various sources to extract the implications on the missions’...
conference paper 2019
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Lubner, M. (author), Dattel, A.R. (author), Allen, E. (author), Henneberry, D. (author), De Vivo, S. (author)
In 2012, Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology initiated an intensive, simulator based, flight training program. Three cohorts, totaling 16 students, completed flight training with fewer flight hours than the United States average (ISAP, 2013). The students earned Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Private Pilot certificates within 5...
conference paper 2019
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Clark, J.D. (author), Mitchell, W.D. (author), Vemuru, K.V. (author), Harbour, S.D. (author)
Low-level terrain-following systems require the ability to rapidly and accurately respond to the environment to prevent inadvertent actions. Catastrophic and fatal results could occur if missed cues or latency issues in data processing are encountered. Spiking neural networks (SNNs) have the computational ability to continuously process spike...
conference paper 2019
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Rehman, A.U. (author), Xuqun, Y. (author)
The present study examined the safety attitude and risk perception among Air passengers at cross-regional levels. Moreover, the study also examined the differences in terms of safety briefing in the cabin. Although the Federal Aviation Administration and The international Air transport association has done much work on safety in cabin regarding...
conference paper 2019
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IJtsma, M (author), Ye, S. (author), Feigh, K.M. (author)
To foster resilience in teams operating in complex work domains, design should allow for a range of work strategies as appropriate to context. This paper describes how computational simulation and network visualization of a team’s work can identify feasible work strategies and assess their appropriateness for different contexts. Network...
conference paper 2019
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Cahill, J. (author), Cullen, P. (author), Gaynor, K. (author)
This paper presents the preliminary findings of an anonymous web-based survey addresing pilot work related stress (WRS) and wellbeing. The initial analysis indicates that pilots are under stress and experiencing wellbeing problems. Specific features of the job can result in wellbeing problems, spanning the three pillars of wellbeing. Critically,...
conference paper 2019
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Holbrook, J. (author), Prinzel III, L.J. (author), Stewart, M.J. (author), Smith, B.E. (author), Matthews, B.L. (author)
Safety in aviation has been historically defined in terms of the occurrence of accidents or recognized risks; that is, safety is typically defined in terms of things that go wrong. An alternative and complementary approach is to focus on what goes right, and identify how to make that happen again. Focusing on the rare cases of failures...
conference paper 2019
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Jaworski, J.M. (author), Yeh, M. (author), Swider, C. (author)
Electronic charting technology is evolving from “fixed” raster-based charts to data-driven charts, in which information elements shown on the chart can be reconfigured during flight. Specifically, we were interested in indentifying a set of minimum information requirements for a concept in which pilots brief with a fixed chart showing all...
conference paper 2019
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Vemuru, K.V. (author), Harbour, S.D. (author), Clark, J.D. (author)
We propose a novel theme of aviation with the injection of AI in the form of a reinforcement learning (RL) agent that learns flying skills by observing the pilot’s psychological reaction and flight path in a simulator. The pilot and the RL agent learn flying skills simultaneously, forming a symbiotic relationship. The episodes for training the...
conference paper 2019
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Landman, A. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Frank, M. (author), Steinhardt, G. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Aviation safety organizations have recommended that airline pilots are trained for startle and surprise. However, little information is available on useful training interventions. Therefore, a training intervention trial was executed during airline recurrent simulator training. The method consisted of a slow visual scan from the side-window,...
conference paper 2019
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Letouze, T. (author), Creno, L. (author), Diaz, J. (author), Hourlier, S. (author), Andre, J-M. (author)
Continuous evolution of HMIs is necessary to keep operators in an optimal situation. In this context, we consider mental representations (MR) mobilized by operators as key elements for decisionmaking. Capturing and analysing these representations is not easy with existing tools. We propose a specific method (i.e. "MERIA" for Mental...
conference paper 2019
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Harbour, S.D. (author), Clark, J.D. (author), Mitchell, W.D. (author), Vemuru, K.V. (author)
Current and future research that embodies a pathway to achieving machine common sense (MCS), including Capsule Neural Networks, Hebbian Plasticity Theory, Dual Process Theory, and machine awareness (MA). The final frontier may well involve a framework that is capable of machine curiosity, exploration, automatic selfdirection and adaptation. The...
conference paper 2019
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Weldon, W. (author), Borgen, K. (author), Kozak, B. (author)
This paper examines student perceptions of micro-quadcopter flights in a higher education setting through a case study format. The purpose of the flight activity discussed is to allow students to familiarize themselves with quadcopter flight characteristics, as early as possible, at their own pace in a low stress environment. Through a series of...
conference paper 2019
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Buck, A. (author), Rantanen, E. (author)
Multiple Identity Tracking (MIT) is a research paradigm in which individuals track the location and individual identity information of several moving objects in the environment. The present study is an examination of how individuals are able to extrapolate the future movement of moving objects while they are masked. There has been conflicting...
conference paper 2019
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Mahoney, L. (author), Houpt, J. (author)
Automated aids provide users additional information for making decisions. The way the aid presents the information requires the user to either make the same decision as unaided or to agree or disagree with the aid’s recommendation. In this study, we measured response times and accuracy without an aid and with an aid where either: 1) the subject...
conference paper 2019
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Trippe, J.T. (author), Mauro, R. (author)
Analysis of airliner accidents and incidents identified a class of events in which structurally, mechanically, and electronically sound aircraft decelerated through the minimum safe operating speed to the stick-shaker activation speed. For a subset of these events the automation was no longer actively controlling to the airspeed target, a...
conference paper 2019
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McCauley, D. (author), Broach, D. (author)
In the 1989 FAA Flight Plan for Training, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) proposed testing the concept of off-loading some portion of air traffic control specialist (ATCS) training to colleges and universities. This was the genesis of the program that became known as the Air Traffic Collegiate Training Initiative (AT-CTI). The AT-CTI...
conference paper 2019
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Silva Castilho, D. (author)
The study of the vulnerabilities of a system is often organized in a hazard analysis. Methods based on systems thinking are relevant tools to analyze the operation of modern products. The purpose of this research is to develop, implement, and validate a systems-based model for aviation Safety Management Systems (SMS) incorporating the treatment...
conference paper 2019
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Knecht, W.R. (author)
We tested variants of a mobile meteorological tablet-computer application designed to help general aviation (GA) pilots land aircraft more safely under windy conditions. This “app” compared METAR runway wind information in several graphical and textual formats. Study 1 tested 25 GA pilots on 18 runway wind scenarios. Graphical METARs depicted...
conference paper 2019
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Wilky, T.M. (author), Austrian, E.M. (author), Hinson, R.J. (author), Sawyer, M.W. (author), Millam, M. (author)
For decades, aviation has been at the leading edge of safety and human factors data collection. These data have provided valuable insights into emerging trends and human-system performance needs. As industry continues to improve its data collection capabilities, stakeholders must develop a common understanding and use of safety performance...
conference paper 2019
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