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Eckhardt, B.E. (author)
The study of the transition to turbulence in parallel shear flows without linear instability of the laminar profile has profited immensely from the application of dynamical systems ideas. Studies of the transition in plane Couette flow and pipe flow, in particular, have shown that the transition is connected with the appearance of 3-d coherent...
journal article 2012
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Winterwerp, J.C. (author), Van Kesteren, W.G.M. (author), Van Prooijen, B.C. (author), Jacobs, W. (author)
This paper proposes a conceptual framework for erosion of cohesive sediment beds. We focus on cohesive beds, distinguishing between floc erosion, surface erosion, and mass erosion. By (our) definition, surface erosion is a drained soil mechanical process, whereas mass erosion occurs under undrained conditions. The eroding shear stress is modeled...
journal article 2012
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Gurunath, S. (author)
In order to ramp up the conversion ratios and burn-up of nuclear reactors, it is inevitable to go to tightly packed fuel rods in the reactor. These nuclear reactors with tightly packed rod-bundles are characterized by interesting flow patterns, different from the ones encountered in regular channel and pipe flows. The correct prediction and...
master thesis 2012
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Harleman, M.J.W. (author)
Previous research has shown that the addition of gas bubbles to a turbulent boundary layer in water can reduce the local skin-friction drag by up to 80%. Application of this technique to ships seems promising, but to date no significant drag reductions are obtained on full-scale ships. More knowledge about the drag reduction mechanism is...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Dijkstra, J.T. (author)
Aquatic plants –or macrophytes- are an important part of coastal, estuarine and freshwater ecosystems worldwide, both from an ecological and an engineering viewpoint. Their meadows provide a wide range of ecosystem services: forming a physical protection of the shoreline, enhancing water quality and harbouring many other organisms. Unfortunately...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Sathe, A.R. (author)
Variations in wind conditions influence the loads on wind turbines significantly. In order to determine these loads it is important that the external conditions are well understood. Wind lidars are well developed nowadays to measure wind profiles upwards from the surface. But how turbulence can be measured using lidars has not yet been...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Breugem, W.A. (author)
Two experiments are performed in order to investigate suspended sediment transport in a turbulent open channel flow. The first experiment used particle image velocimetry (PIV) to measure the fluid velocity with a high spatial resolution, while particle tracking velocimetry (PTV) was used to measure the velocity of individual sediment particles....
doctoral thesis 2012
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Trip, R. (author), Kuik, D.J. (author), Westerweel, J. (author), Poelma, C. (author)
The transitional regime of a sinusoidal pulsatile flow in a straight, rigid pipe is investigated using particle image velocimetry. The main aim is to investigate how the critical Reynolds number is affected by different pulsatile conditions, expressed as the Womersley number and the oscillatory Reynolds number. The transition occurs in the...
journal article 2012
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Violato, D. (author), Scarano, F. (author)
The three-dimensional behavior of flow transition in circular and 6-chevron jets at Re?=?5000 is investigated with experiments conducted on a free water jet by time-resolved tomographic particle image velocimetry. The emphasis is on the unsteady organization of coherent flow structures, which play a role in the generation of acoustic noise....
journal article 2011
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Koschatzky, V. (author)
This thesis deals with the problem of noise. Sound is a constant presence in our lives. Most of the times it is something wanted and it serves a purpose, such as communication through speech or entertainment by listening to music. On the other hand, quite often sound is an annoying and unwanted by-product of some other activity necessary to us....
doctoral thesis 2011
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Kuik, D.J. (author)
In this thesis the transition to turbulence in pipe flow is investigated. At low Reynolds numbers, the flow returns to the laminar state spontaneously. At high Reynolds number a small perturbation causes the flow to suddenly become turbulent. In the intermediate regime localized turbulence is observed. This regime is investigated using...
doctoral thesis 2011
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Sathe, A. (author), Mann, J. (author), Gottschall, J. (author), Courtney, M.S. (author)
Modeling of the systematic errors in the second-order moments of wind speeds measured by continuouswave (ZephIR) and pulsed (WindCube) lidars is presented. These lidars use the conical scanning technique to measure the velocity field. The model captures the effect of volume illumination and conical scanning. The predictions are compared with the...
journal article 2011
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Bergsma, E.W.J. (author), Bogaard, T. (author)
The general flow pattern of an open channel flow, downstream of a width restriction by two artificial dams, is analysed. A physical Froude-scaled model, under hydraulic rough conditions, with a significant large Reynolds number is used to ensure turbulent flow. Upstream of the dams the flow is uniform in transverse direction, in between and...
student report 2011
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Kenjeres, S. (author)
Motivated by the concept of interdependency of turbulent flow and electromagnetic fields inside the spiraling galaxies, we explored the possibilities of generating a localized Lorentz force that will produce a three-dimensional swirling flow in weakly conductive fluids. Multiple vortical flow patterns were generated by combining arrays of...
journal article 2011
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Dijkstra, J.T. (author), Uittenbogaard, R.E. (author)
Aquatic vegetation has an important role in estuaries and rivers by acting as bed stabilizer, filter, food source and nursing area. However, macrophyte populations worldwide are under high anthropogenic pressure. Protection and restoration efforts will benefit from more insight into the interaction between vegetation, currents, waves and...
journal article 2010
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Sukhodolov, A.N. (author), Schnauder, I. (author), Uijttewaal, W.S.J. (author)
Shallow lateral shear layers forming between flows with different velocities, though essential for mixing processes in natural streams, have been examined only in laboratory settings using smooth, fixed?bed channels. This paper reports the results of an experimental study of a shear layer in a straight reach of a natural river where the layer,...
journal article 2010
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Verdoold, J. (author)
This dissertation focuses on turbulent thermal convection, which occurs in a wide range of (geo)physical situations, like in the atmosphere, the oceans, the interior of stars or planets, and engineering applications, like metal casting or crystal growth processes. In this work, a special type of thermal convection, Rayleigh-Bénard convection, is...
doctoral thesis 2010
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Fraanje, P.R. (author), Rice, J. (author), Verhaegen, M. (author), Doelman, N. (author)
Efficient and optimal prediction of frozen flow turbulence using the complete observation history of the wavefront sensor is an important issue in adaptive optics for large ground-based telescopes. At least for the sake of error budgeting and algorithm performance, the evaluation of an accurate estimate of the optimal performance of a particular...
journal article 2010
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Van Balen, W. (author), Uijttewaal, W.S.J. (author), Blanckaert, K. (author)
Large-eddy simulation (LES) is performed of a curved open-channel flow over topography based on the laboratory experiment by Blanckaert [“Topographic steering, flow circulation, velocity redistribution and bed topography in sharp meander bends,” Water Resour. Res., doi:10.1029/2009WR008303 (in press)] . In the experiment, the large-scale bed...
journal article 2010
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De Rooij, R.S. (author)
In my MSc3 I have designed an adaptive facade component that uses pressure difference, created by the wind forces upon the building and the temperature difference between inside and outside, to filter carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides from the desired oxygen and to change the temperature to a desired level. This research has been extended to...
master thesis 2010
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