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Bracco Garcia, M.P. (author), Torrelo Villa, G. (author), Noordam, Sander (author), de Jong, Glenn (author), Hanefeld, U. (author)
The hydroxynitrile lyase from Prunus amygdalus was immobilized on Celite R-633. The immobilized enzyme could successfully be utilized in buffer saturated MTBE and excellent conversions of benzaldehyde to R-mandelonitrile were observed. No leaching occurred. To achieve high enantioselectivities, the suppression of the undesired background...
journal article 2018
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Digna, R.F.M.O. (author), Castro Gama, M.E. (author), van der Zaag, P. (author), Mohamed, Yasir A. (author), Corzo, Gerald (author), Uhlenbrook, S. (author)
The Eastern Nile Basin is facing a number of transboundary issues, including water resources development, and the associated impacts. The Nile Basin, particularly the Eastern Nile Sub-basin, is considered as one of a few international river systems of potential conflicts between riparian countries. The Eastern Nile is characterized by the...
journal article 2018
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Pande, S. (author), Pandit, A. (author)
opulation growth is often intuitively linked with proportionally higher use of fresh water resources. However, this implies that water use per capita does not change with population growth. We not only find that birth rates of regions are negatively related with its water use per capita (i.e., higher birth rate is associated with lower water use...
journal article 2018
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Mulatu, C.A. (author), Crosato, A. (author), Moges, Michael M. (author), Langendoen, Eddy J. (author), McClain, Michael (author)
The meandering Ribb River flows in northwest Ethiopia to Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile River. The river has already undergone changes due to several human interventions, such as embanking, sand mining, water extraction and lake level regulation for hydropower. At present, a dam and a weir are under construction to store and divert...
journal article 2018
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van Hulzen, M. (author), Ooms, F.G.B. (author), Wright, Jonathan P. (author), Wagemaker, M. (author)
For the development of next-generation batteries it is important to understand the structural changes in electrodes under realistic non-equilibrium conditions. With microbeam X-ray diffraction it is possible to probe many individual electrode grains concurrently under non-equilibrium conditions in realistic battery systems. This makes it...
journal article 2018
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Verhallen, T.W. (author), Lv, Shasha (author), Wagemaker, M. (author)
Neutron Depth Profiling (NDP) allows determination of the spatial distribution of specific isotopes, via neutron capture reactions. In a capture reaction charged particles with fixed kinetic energy are formed, where their energy loss through the material of interest can be used to provide the depth of the original isotope. As lithium-6 has a...
journal article 2018
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Klijn, F. (author), Asselman, Nathalie (author), Wagenaar, Dennis (author)
The Netherlands has just finished implementing the Room for the Rivers program along the Rhine and Meuse Rivers in response to increasing river discharges. Recently, making more room for the river is, however, being challenged for future application because the flood defenses are assessed to be too weak and will need reinforcement anyway. To be...
journal article 2018
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Warman, J.M. (author), de Haas, M.P. (author), Luthjens, L.H. (author), Denkova, A.G. (author), Yao, T. (author)
We review the development and application of an organic polymer-gel capable of producing fixed, three-dimensional fluorescent images of complex radiation fields. The gel consists for more than 99% of γ-ray-polymerized (~15% conversion) tertiary-butyl acrylate (TBA) containing ~100 ppm of a fluorogenic compound, e.g., maleimido-pyrene (MPy). The...
journal article 2018
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Solcerova, A. (author), van Emmerik, T.H.M. (author), Hilgersom, K.P. (author), van de Ven, F.H.M. (author), van de Giesen, N.C. (author)
The urban heat island effect was first described 200 years ago, but the development of ways to mitigate heat in urban areas reaches much further into the past. Uchimizu is a 17th century Japanese tradition, in which water is sprinkled around houses to cool the ground surface and air by evaporation. Unfortunately, the number of published studies...
journal article 2018
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Prieto Hoces, A.I. (author), Knaack, U. (author), Auer, Thomas (author), Klein, T. (author)
Small-scale systems and integrated concepts are currently being explored to promote the widespread application of solar cooling technologies in buildings. This article seeks to expand application possibilities by exploring the feasibility of solar cooling integrated façades, as decentralized self-sufficient cooling modules on different warm...
journal article 2018
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Onencan, A.M. (author), van de Walle, B.A. (author)
The Paris Agreement was a monumental stride towards global climate change governance. It unlocked the climate change gridlock, introducing country-subjective commitments and a five-year review mechanism. To support the implementation of the Paris Agreement, we designed the Nzoia WeShareIt climate change game. Game sessions were conducted in...
journal article 2018
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van Goeverden, C.D. (author), Milakis, D. (author), Janic, M. (author), Konings, J.W. (author)
Introduction: Hyperloop (HL) is presented as an efficient alternative of HSR (High Speed Rail) and APT (Air Passenger Transport) systems for long-distance passenger transport. This paper explores the performances of HL and compares these performances to HSR and APT. Methods: The following performances of the HL system are analytically modeled...
journal article 2018
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Tillie, Nico N.M.J.D (author), Borsboom-van Beurden, Judith (author), Doepel, Duzan (author), Aarts, Martin (author)
Work on a liveable low carbon city has often been approached in a technocratic way, not linking to other disciplines and urban practices at a large scale. This paper explores a stakeholder based urban agenda for a more liveable low carbon city by densifying and greening with the case study of Rotterdam inner city. Rotterdam presents a unique...
journal article 2018
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Paprotny, D. (author), Sebastian, Antonia (author), Morales Napoles, O. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)
Adverse consequences of floods change in time and are influenced by both natural and socio-economic trends and interactions. In Europe, previous studies of historical flood losses corrected for demographic and economic growth (‘normalized’) have been limited in temporal and spatial extent, leading to an incomplete representation of trends in...
journal article 2018
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Herrero Huerta, M. (author), Lindenbergh, R.C. (author), Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, Pablo (author)
In an urban context, tree data are used in city planning, in locating hazardous trees and in environmental monitoring. This study focuses on developing an innovative methodology to automatically estimate the most relevant individual structural parameters of urban trees sampled by a Mobile LiDAR System at city level. These parameters include...
journal article 2018
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Chen, N. (author), Wang, M. (author), Alkim, Tom (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Automated vehicles are designed to free drivers from driving tasks and are expected to improve traffic safety and efficiency when connected via vehicle-to-vehicle communication, that is, connected automated vehicles (CAVs). The time delays and model uncertainties in vehicle control systems pose challenges for automated driving in real world....
journal article 2018
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Lin, Y. (author), Reino, Clara (author), Carrera, Julián (author), Perez Canestro, Julio (author), van Loosdrecht, Mark C.M. (author)
A new type of structural extracellular polymers (EPS) was extracted from aerobic granular sludge dominated by ammonium-oxidizing bacteria. It was analyzed by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy to characterize specific amino acids and protein secondary structure, and by SDS-PAGE with different stains to identify different glycoconjugates. Its...
journal article 2018
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Guatame Garcia, L.A. (author), Buxton, M.W.N. (author)
In the production of calcined kaolin, the soluble Al2O3 content is used as a quality control criterion for some speciality applications. The increasing need for automated quality control systems in the industry has brought the necessity of developing techniques that provide (near) real-time data. Based on the understanding that the presence of...
journal article 2018
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Wang, F. (author), Salgado Ismodes, V.A. (author), van der Hoek, J.P. (author), van Halem, D. (author)
The removal of bromate (BrO<sub>3</sub> <sup>-</sup>) as a byproduct of ozonation in subsequent managed aquifer recharge (MAR) systems has so far gained little attention. This preliminary study with anoxic batch experiments was executed to explore the feasibility of chemical BrO<sub>3</sub> <sup>-</sup> reduction in Fe-reducing zones of MAR...
journal article 2018
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Guatame Garcia, L.A. (author), Buxton, M.W.N. (author)
Diatomite, a rock formed by the accumulation of opaline diatom frustules, is a preferred raw material for the manufacturing of filters. Its uniqueness relies on the high porosity and inertness of the frustules. The presence of carbonates in some diatomite ores hinders these properties. The~purpose of this study was to identify the type of...
journal article 2018
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