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Beringer, D.B. (author), Sparko, A.L. (author), Jaworski, J.M. (author)
Two studies (using Boeing 777 and 737 simulators) examined flight crews’ use of an Enhanced Flight Vision System (EFVS) for low-visibility taxi operations. Twenty-five flight crews completed 21 short taxi scenarios under combinations of the following: Runway visual range (RVR: 300, 500, and 1000 ft); EFVS on head-up display (on/off); Airport...
conference paper 2019
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Torres, C.D. (author), Kozak, B.J. (author)
In order to obtain an airframe and powerplant (A&P) certificate, students must receive a minimum of 1,900 hours of instruction from an FAA approved 14 CFR Part 147 School. Within Part 147, students are only required to learn about helicopters at a level 1 proficiency, which requires only classroom lectures. In order to fill this possible gap in...
conference paper 2019
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Reis, G.A. (author), Geiselman, E.E. (author), Miller, M.E. (author)
In applying the Arc-Segmented Attitude Reference (ASAR) symbology in headmounted displays (HMDs), it is uncertain if there is an optimal position for the symbology within the display. Vision science literature regarding visual asymmetries suggests that performance may differ depending upon the combination of the location of this symbology within...
conference paper 2019
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Plat-Robain, M. (author)
Hypnosis has already been used in very long flights by Bertrand Piccard, one of the two Solar Impulse pilots, to manage fatigue and rest periods. It is also used by navigators like Armel Le Cléac’h during solo races. For this reason we consider it is worth to look at such technics to cope with the constraints of long flights. A study was done in...
conference paper 2019
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Beckman, W. (author), Siao, D. (author), Smith, C. (author), Corns, K. (author)
The use of safety culture surveys to determine constituent perception of an organization’s efforts toward safety is widely accepted. However, the use of such surveys to compare disciplines within a collegiate aviation department has infrequently been employed. Students enrolled in flight, maintenance, and UAS programs participated in a safety...
conference paper 2019
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IJtsma, M (author), Ye, S. (author), Feigh, K.M. (author)
To foster resilience in teams operating in complex work domains, design should allow for a range of work strategies as appropriate to context. This paper describes how computational simulation and network visualization of a team’s work can identify feasible work strategies and assess their appropriateness for different contexts. Network...
conference paper 2019
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Schnell, T. (author), Geiselman, E. (author), Simpson, B. (author), Williams, H. (author)
Historically, the objective of new technology development has been to enhance pilot performance (such as situation awareness) without causing problems such as Spatial Disorientation (SD). However, when improperly designed or poorly integrated, such technologies may actually reduce performance and increase the likelihood of unintended...
conference paper 2019
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Wilky, T.M. (author), Austrian, E.M. (author), Hinson, R.J. (author), Sawyer, M.W. (author), Millam, M. (author)
For decades, aviation has been at the leading edge of safety and human factors data collection. These data have provided valuable insights into emerging trends and human-system performance needs. As industry continues to improve its data collection capabilities, stakeholders must develop a common understanding and use of safety performance...
conference paper 2019
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Knecht, W.R. (author)
We tested variants of a mobile meteorological tablet-computer application designed to help general aviation (GA) pilots land aircraft more safely under windy conditions. This “app” compared METAR runway wind information in several graphical and textual formats. Study 1 tested 25 GA pilots on 18 runway wind scenarios. Graphical METARs depicted...
conference paper 2019
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Sushereba, C. (author), Militello, L. (author), Ernst, K. (author), Diiulio, J. (author), Roth, E. (author), Scheff, S. (author), Huff IV, W. (author)
In this paper, we describe an ongoing effort to envision and articulate requirements for the United States Army’s Future Vertical Lift (FVL) program, specifically related to crewing. The goal of FVL is to develop a new family of rotorcraft that will incorporate advanced technologies to support new capabilities. We will discuss the challenges...
conference paper 2019
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Trippe, J.T. (author), Mauro, R. (author)
Analysis of airliner accidents and incidents identified a class of events in which structurally, mechanically, and electronically sound aircraft decelerated through the minimum safe operating speed to the stick-shaker activation speed. For a subset of these events the automation was no longer actively controlling to the airspeed target, a...
conference paper 2019
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Canzonetta, D.J. (author), Miller, M.E. (author)
The current research sought to identify a method to calculate agent response time (ART) as a function of inter-arrival time (IAT), which balances human-agent team performance, human engagement, and human workload. A human-in-theloop experiment evaluated human-agent team performance, as measured by team score, human engagement, as measured by the...
conference paper 2019
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Pierson, E. (author), Ling, C. (author), Alshaqah, A. (author), James, J. (author), Wang, S. (author)
Essential components of a new scenario-based air traffic control (ATC) training platform whose effectiveness is being analyzed are outlined with respect to its use in the decision-making skills of trainees when confronted with emergency situations. The custom designed platform allows the trainee to interact with the program such that the 10...
conference paper 2019
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Hinson, R.J. (author), Sawyer, M.W. (author), Serfoss, G.L. (author)
The air traffic control domain is undergoing significant modernization efforts through technology and procedure enhancements. Understanding the impact of these changes and ensuring these enhancements do not unduly increase controller cognitive workload is essential for success. This research provides a framework for assessing human performance...
conference paper 2019
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Van Benthem, C. (author), Shanahan, C. (author), Ma, C. (author), Fraser, A. (author), Herdman, C.M. (author)
Prospective memory is essential for flight, where failures can result in incorrect flight control settings, leading to loss of life and equipment. Furthermore, prospective memory is highly-sensitive to pilot age, cognition, and experience. This research reports on the relation of the NASA Multi-Attribute Test Battery-II (MATB-II) to prospective...
conference paper 2019
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Dattel, A.R. (author), Babin, A.K. (author), Teodorovic, S. (author), Brooks, J. (author), Pruksaritanon, S. (author), Shetty, P. (author)
Situation awareness (SA) and flight performance may be intrinsically connected. Good SA can lead to good aeronautical decision making, and consequently better flight performance. Forty-three pilots participated in the study. Participants completed personality tests, a test of fluid intelligence, and a test for working memory. Participants flew a...
conference paper 2019
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Matton, N. (author), Gotteland, J-B. (author), Granger, G. (author), Durand, N. (author)
Dynamic spatial ability is supposed to be involved in a critical process of air traffic controllers, namely conflict detection. The present paper aims at testing whether dynamic spatial ability improves with air traffic control training and/or experience. We designed a laboratory task to assess the performance in predicting if two moving disks...
conference paper 2019
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Vemuru, K.V. (author), Harbour, S.D. (author), Clark, J.D. (author)
We propose a novel theme of aviation with the injection of AI in the form of a reinforcement learning (RL) agent that learns flying skills by observing the pilot’s psychological reaction and flight path in a simulator. The pilot and the RL agent learn flying skills simultaneously, forming a symbiotic relationship. The episodes for training the...
conference paper 2019
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Demir, M. (author), Ligda, S. (author), Cooke, N. (author), Seeds, M. (author), Harris, M. (author), Niemczyk, M. (author)
New capabilities to modernize the U.S. National Airspace System (NAS) include support of real-time information streams derived from many data sources across the NAS. This provision allows for system risk prognostics originating from sets of diagnostic health information. The current exploratory paper presents how to model human performance with...
conference paper 2019
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McCauley, D. (author), Broach, D. (author)
In the 1989 FAA Flight Plan for Training, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) proposed testing the concept of off-loading some portion of air traffic control specialist (ATCS) training to colleges and universities. This was the genesis of the program that became known as the Air Traffic Collegiate Training Initiative (AT-CTI). The AT-CTI...
conference paper 2019
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