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Lindsey, S. (author), Ganey, H.C.N. (author), Carroll, M. (author)
The Joint Primary Aircraft Training System (JPATS) body size cases provide aircraft designers access to representative Airmen anthropometric dimensions based on a database of air force personnel. To ensure new aircraft can support a broad range of pilot body sizes, designers can reference JPATS case numbers to assure adequate access to specific...
conference paper 2019
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Pounds, J. (author), Krois, P. (author)
This paper reports on our efforts to determine if the ubiquitous term safety data can be more specifically defined. That is, whether data can be categorized as safety data based on some unique characteristics such that other data not having these would be categorized as not safety data. FAA analysts rely on multiple sources of objective data for...
conference paper 2019
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Carroll, M. (author), Forsyth Wilt, D. (author), Sanchez, P. (author), Carstens, D. (author)
Pilots are faced with making decisions based on a range of different information sources. One challenge pilots often face is the presentation of conflicting information between sources. This effort examined pilot decision making with conflicting information by conducting structured interviews with 13 pilots, including seven airline, three...
conference paper 2019
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Georgiou, A.M. (author), Littlepage, G.E. (author), Hein, M.B. (author), Bearden, C.R. (author)
With a decade of experience, the Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) NASA FOCUS (Flight Operations Center- Unified Simulation) lab is a vital part of the educational experience for senior aerospace students. The NASA FOCUS Lab is a highfidelity simulation of a flight dispatch center in a collegiate setting. Students are trained in specific...
conference paper 2019
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Cookson, S. (author)
In response to multiple airline accidents involving pilot-ATC communication breakdowns, ICAO implemented a worldwide language proficiency program in 2011. The official guide to the program, Document 9835, cites four accidents in which insufficient English proficiency of pilots or air traffic controllers was a contributing factor. The purpose of...
conference paper 2019
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Smith, P.J. (author), Evans, M. (author), Spencer, A. (author)
There are a number of tools and procedures identified as applicable to initial Trajectory Based Operations (iTBO). This includes Strategic Planning and Traffic Flow Management such as the use of Ground Delay Programs, Airspace Flow Programs and Collaborative Trajectory Operations Program initiatives (CTOPs). It also includes a focus on route...
conference paper 2019
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Rudin-Brown, C. (author), Rosberg, A. (author), Krukowski, D. (author)
Performance decrements associated with fatigue are significant risk factors of occupational, motor vehicle, and aviation accidents. The substantial number of recent aviation occurrences involving aircrew fatigue and the slow progress of related rulemaking prompted the TSB to include fatigue management on its 2018 Watchlist of key safety issues....
conference paper 2019
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Silva Castilho, D. (author)
The study of the vulnerabilities of a system is often organized in a hazard analysis. Methods based on systems thinking are relevant tools to analyze the operation of modern products. The purpose of this research is to develop, implement, and validate a systems-based model for aviation Safety Management Systems (SMS) incorporating the treatment...
conference paper 2019
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Clark, J.D. (author), Mitchell, W.D. (author), Vemuru, K.V. (author), Harbour, S.D. (author)
Low-level terrain-following systems require the ability to rapidly and accurately respond to the environment to prevent inadvertent actions. Catastrophic and fatal results could occur if missed cues or latency issues in data processing are encountered. Spiking neural networks (SNNs) have the computational ability to continuously process spike...
conference paper 2019
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Schneider, M.F. (author), Miller, M.E. (author), McGuirl, J.M. (author)
This paper describes work towards developing a meta-model useful in the design and specification of Human-Agent Teams. The meta-model adapts components from the cognitive systems, human factors, software and systems engineering literature to form a model and language which can be applied early in the system design process. The resulting model...
conference paper 2019
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Harbour, S.D. (author), Clark, J.D. (author), Mitchell, W.D. (author), Vemuru, K.V. (author)
Current and future research that embodies a pathway to achieving machine common sense (MCS), including Capsule Neural Networks, Hebbian Plasticity Theory, Dual Process Theory, and machine awareness (MA). The final frontier may well involve a framework that is capable of machine curiosity, exploration, automatic selfdirection and adaptation. The...
conference paper 2019
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Wickens, C.D. (author), Dempsey, G. (author), Pringle, A. (author), Kazansky, L. (author), Hutka, S. (author)
This paper describes the design and model based evaluation of DARSAD, an augmented reality head mounted display for the joint tactical air controller (JTAC), who manages and directs fire from air assets near the battlefield. Designs, based on 6 principles of attention, memory and information processing are produced for various phases of JTAC...
conference paper 2019
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Frost, E. (author), Calhoun, G. (author), Ruff, H. (author), Bartik, J. (author), Behymer, K. (author), Spriggs, S. (author), Buchanan, A. (author)
Advances in technology are leading to envisioned operational concepts that team a single operator with autonomy to manage multiple heterogeneous unmanned vehicles (UxVs). Several autonomy decision aids have been integrated into a prototype control station with innovative human-autonomy interfaces that allow multiple UxV management via high-level...
conference paper 2019
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Pittorie, W. (author), Carroll, M. (author), Carstens, D. (author)
Advancements in technology has made obtaining a graphical/textual preflight weather briefing easier than a traditional verbal briefing. This study compared weather briefings delivered in a verbal format (i.e., written narrative) to those delivered in a graphical format (i,e., radar map plus textual data) in a within-subjects study that altered...
conference paper 2019
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Schulte, A. (author), Donath, D. (author)
This contribution outlines a cognitive engineering approach to structure, describe and depict configurations for highly automated human-machine systems using a common language. These systems involve cognitive agents, for autonomous vehicle guidance and mission management. The method focusses on the systematic top-down deduction of requirements...
conference paper 2019
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Bearden, C.R. (author), Hein, M.B. (author), Littlepage, G.E. (author)
Teams perform a variety of functions within organizations and should therefore be evaluated on multiple criteria. This paper argues for the use of a single value. We review the literature on team performance composites and briefly describe two approaches to developing evaluative performance composites in an academic setting by combining...
conference paper 2019
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Bridgman, R. (author), Neville, K.J. (author), Massey, L. (author), Krauskopf, C. (author), Mizan, A. (author), Mooney, J. (author), Schmorrow, D. (author)
Great strides have been made in reducing the reams of paper-based materials that pilots were once required to bring into the cockpit. Much of that paper-based information is now available to pilots on electronic devices known as electronic kneeboards (EKBs). The main goal of this paper is to describe a design strategy we are using that...
conference paper 2019
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Hoermann, H-J. (author), Damos, D.L. (author)
Perceptual speed is an important attribute for success as a pilot and has been assessed in many pilot selection batteries. The Tabular Speed Test (TST), a paper-and-pencil test of perceptual speed, was administered to 227 ab initio pilots and 152 licensed pilots who applied for employment at a large European airline. The airline had a multi...
conference paper 2019
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Ommerli, C. (author), Mirzaagha, J. (author), Ma, C. (author), Van Benthem, K. (author), Herdman, C. (author)
While vivid virtual reality (VR) environments may afford better performance for some flight tasks, it is possible that enhanced stimuli could overload some cognitive resources. Prospective memory (PM) is a cognitive factor sensitive to working memory and visual processing demands, and it may be a performance factor either adversely affected or...
conference paper 2019
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Chow, M.C. (author), Gupta, S. (author), Torrez, C.D. (author), Veeravalli, S. (author), Mott, J.H. (author), Green, J.J. (author), Sambado, N.A. (author)
The School of Aviation and Transportation Technology at Purdue University utilizes a wide range of resources to train aspiring pilots, technicians, and managers. Aircraft operate in one of four practice areas located within a 30 nautical mile radius of the Purdue University Airport. Due to factors such as poor weather conditions, inexperience of...
conference paper 2019
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