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Wickens, C.D. (author), Dempsey, G. (author), Pringle, A. (author), Kazansky, L. (author), Hutka, S. (author)
This paper describes the design and model based evaluation of DARSAD, an augmented reality head mounted display for the joint tactical air controller (JTAC), who manages and directs fire from air assets near the battlefield. Designs, based on 6 principles of attention, memory and information processing are produced for various phases of JTAC...
conference paper 2019
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Schmid, D. (author), Stanton, N.A. (author)
Single Pilot Operations (SPO) represent a viable concept for commercial aviation in near future. It will require different training regimes to contemporary airliners’ pilots because the single-pilot’s and remote operator’s (including the dispatcher’s) responsibilities and accompanying procedures will change, both in air and on ground. This...
conference paper 2019
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Van Benthem, C. (author), Shanahan, C. (author), Ma, C. (author), Fraser, A. (author), Herdman, C.M. (author)
Prospective memory is essential for flight, where failures can result in incorrect flight control settings, leading to loss of life and equipment. Furthermore, prospective memory is highly-sensitive to pilot age, cognition, and experience. This research reports on the relation of the NASA Multi-Attribute Test Battery-II (MATB-II) to prospective...
conference paper 2019
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Smith, K.M. (author)
Discussed are three theories: 1) Baysian probability theory, 2) signal detection theory, and 3) operational decision theory. To combine the three is to come to an understanding of how one can operate effectively in complex environments. Complex environments present unique challenges from a human performance perspective. They require applying...
conference paper 2019
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Several checklist-based methods have been proposed to help pilots manage startle in unexpected situations. In the current experiment, we tested how pilots reacted to using such a method, which featured the mnemonic COOL: Calm down – Observe – Outline – Lead. Using a motion-based simulator outfitted with a non-linear aerodynamic model of a small...
conference paper 2019
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Reitsma, J.P. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
The glass cockpit and EFB enable new ways of information presentation and interaction on the flight deck of modern commercial jets. This information supports crews in flight plan management, which essentially entails evaluating the plan against (ever-changing) flight constraints and, if necessary, modifying it. Flight constraints emerge from the...
conference paper 2019
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Reitsma, J.P. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Reducing high workload levels are a major challenge to enable single pilot operations. Where the pilot is currently supported with many automated systems, the role of mission planner is relatively unsupported, i.e., the flight crew is required to integrate and combine information from various sources to extract the implications on the missions’...
conference paper 2019
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Lubner, M. (author), Dattel, A.R. (author), Allen, E. (author), Henneberry, D. (author), De Vivo, S. (author)
In 2012, Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology initiated an intensive, simulator based, flight training program. Three cohorts, totaling 16 students, completed flight training with fewer flight hours than the United States average (ISAP, 2013). The students earned Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Private Pilot certificates within 5...
conference paper 2019
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Clark, J.D. (author), Mitchell, W.D. (author), Vemuru, K.V. (author), Harbour, S.D. (author)
Low-level terrain-following systems require the ability to rapidly and accurately respond to the environment to prevent inadvertent actions. Catastrophic and fatal results could occur if missed cues or latency issues in data processing are encountered. Spiking neural networks (SNNs) have the computational ability to continuously process spike...
conference paper 2019
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Rehman, A.U. (author), Xuqun, Y. (author)
The present study examined the safety attitude and risk perception among Air passengers at cross-regional levels. Moreover, the study also examined the differences in terms of safety briefing in the cabin. Although the Federal Aviation Administration and The international Air transport association has done much work on safety in cabin regarding...
conference paper 2019
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IJtsma, M (author), Ye, S. (author), Feigh, K.M. (author)
To foster resilience in teams operating in complex work domains, design should allow for a range of work strategies as appropriate to context. This paper describes how computational simulation and network visualization of a team’s work can identify feasible work strategies and assess their appropriateness for different contexts. Network...
conference paper 2019
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Cahill, J. (author), Cullen, P. (author), Gaynor, K. (author)
This paper presents the preliminary findings of an anonymous web-based survey addresing pilot work related stress (WRS) and wellbeing. The initial analysis indicates that pilots are under stress and experiencing wellbeing problems. Specific features of the job can result in wellbeing problems, spanning the three pillars of wellbeing. Critically,...
conference paper 2019
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Holbrook, J. (author), Prinzel III, L.J. (author), Stewart, M.J. (author), Smith, B.E. (author), Matthews, B.L. (author)
Safety in aviation has been historically defined in terms of the occurrence of accidents or recognized risks; that is, safety is typically defined in terms of things that go wrong. An alternative and complementary approach is to focus on what goes right, and identify how to make that happen again. Focusing on the rare cases of failures...
conference paper 2019
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Jaworski, J.M. (author), Yeh, M. (author), Swider, C. (author)
Electronic charting technology is evolving from “fixed” raster-based charts to data-driven charts, in which information elements shown on the chart can be reconfigured during flight. Specifically, we were interested in indentifying a set of minimum information requirements for a concept in which pilots brief with a fixed chart showing all...
conference paper 2019
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Vemuru, K.V. (author), Harbour, S.D. (author), Clark, J.D. (author)
We propose a novel theme of aviation with the injection of AI in the form of a reinforcement learning (RL) agent that learns flying skills by observing the pilot’s psychological reaction and flight path in a simulator. The pilot and the RL agent learn flying skills simultaneously, forming a symbiotic relationship. The episodes for training the...
conference paper 2019
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Landman, A. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Frank, M. (author), Steinhardt, G. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Aviation safety organizations have recommended that airline pilots are trained for startle and surprise. However, little information is available on useful training interventions. Therefore, a training intervention trial was executed during airline recurrent simulator training. The method consisted of a slow visual scan from the side-window,...
conference paper 2019
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Letouze, T. (author), Creno, L. (author), Diaz, J. (author), Hourlier, S. (author), Andre, J-M. (author)
Continuous evolution of HMIs is necessary to keep operators in an optimal situation. In this context, we consider mental representations (MR) mobilized by operators as key elements for decisionmaking. Capturing and analysing these representations is not easy with existing tools. We propose a specific method (i.e. "MERIA" for Mental...
conference paper 2019
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Harbour, S.D. (author), Clark, J.D. (author), Mitchell, W.D. (author), Vemuru, K.V. (author)
Current and future research that embodies a pathway to achieving machine common sense (MCS), including Capsule Neural Networks, Hebbian Plasticity Theory, Dual Process Theory, and machine awareness (MA). The final frontier may well involve a framework that is capable of machine curiosity, exploration, automatic selfdirection and adaptation. The...
conference paper 2019
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Weldon, W. (author), Borgen, K. (author), Kozak, B. (author)
This paper examines student perceptions of micro-quadcopter flights in a higher education setting through a case study format. The purpose of the flight activity discussed is to allow students to familiarize themselves with quadcopter flight characteristics, as early as possible, at their own pace in a low stress environment. Through a series of...
conference paper 2019
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Buck, A. (author), Rantanen, E. (author)
Multiple Identity Tracking (MIT) is a research paradigm in which individuals track the location and individual identity information of several moving objects in the environment. The present study is an examination of how individuals are able to extrapolate the future movement of moving objects while they are masked. There has been conflicting...
conference paper 2019
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