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Marques Arsenio, A. (author), Salim, Iana Câmara (author), Hu, Mingming (author), Matsinhe, Nelson Pedro (author), Scheidegger, Ruth (author), Rietveld, L.C. (author)
In Maputo, the capital of Mozambique, nitrate concentrations above 250 mg L??1 in groundwater have been reported. This happens due to the widespread use of latrines and septic tanks that allow for constant infiltration of its content into the soil and eventually to groundwater sources, a situation that is widespread in the Global South and...
journal article 2018
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Park Lee, H.K. (author), Lukszo, Z. (author), Herder, P.M. (author)
Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) have the potential to be used as flexible power plants in future energy systems. To integrate FCEVs through vehicle-to-grid (V2G), agreements are needed between the FCEV owners and the actor that coordinates V2G on behalf of them, usually considered the aggregator. In this paper, we argue that, depending on...
journal article 2018
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Debates on lethal autonomous weapon systems have proliferated in the past 5 years. Ethical concerns have been voiced about a possible raise in the number of wrongs and crimes in military operations and about the creation of a “responsibility gap” for harms caused by these systems. To address these concerns, the principle of “meaningful human...
journal article 2018
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Bruynseels, K.R.C. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Personalized medicine uses fine grained information on individual persons, to pinpoint deviations from the normal. ‘Digital Twins’ in engineering provide a conceptual framework to analyze these emerging data-driven health care practices, as well as their conceptual and ethical implications for therapy, preventative care and human enhancement....
journal article 2018
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Kurapati, S. (author), Kourounioti, I. (author), Lukosch, H.K. (author), Tavasszy, Lorant (author), Verbraeck, A. (author)
Synchromodality is described as a network of well-synchronised and interconnected transportation modes. One of the most important advantages of synchromodality is the development of a sustainable transportation system. Given the numerous stakeholders and network interdependencies within freight transport corridors, achieving efficient...
journal article 2018
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Wang, Haoyu (author), Chang, L. (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
Transition zones in railway tracks are locationswith considerable changes in the rail-supporting structure. Typically, they are located near engineering structures, such as bridges, culverts and tunnels. In such locations, severe differential settlements often occur due to the different material properties and structure behavior. Without...
journal article 2018
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Acosta, Cristina (author), Ortega, Mariana (author), Bunsen, Till (author), Koirala, B.P. (author), Ghorbani, A. (author)
Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES) are an emerging local energy system focusing on the collective use of distributed energy resources (DER). These socio-technical systems (STSs) have a high potential to advance the transition towards socially inclusive, environmentally-friendly energy systems and to stimulate the local economy. While...
journal article 2018
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Mayer, F. (author), Tiruvadi Krishnan, S. (author), Schuhle, DT (author), Eliseeva, Svetlana V. (author), Petoud, Stephane (author), Toth, Eva (author), Djanashvili, K. (author)
Self-aggregating calix[4]arenes carrying four DOTA ligands on the upper rim for stable complexation of paramagnetic GdIII-ions have already been proposed as MRI probes. In this work, we investigate the luminescence properties of TbIII-DOTA-calix[4]arene-4OPr containing four propyl-groups and compare them with those of the analog substituted with...
journal article 2018
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Dong, H. (author), Zhang, H. (author), Zuo, Y. (author), Gao, P. (author), Ye, G. (author)
Mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) measurements are widely used to determine pore throat size distribution (PSD) curves of porous materials. The pore throat size of porous materials has been used to estimate their compressive strength and air permeability. However, the effect of sample size on the determined PSD curves is often overlooked....
journal article 2018
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Bosch-Rekveldt, M.G.C. (author), Bakker, H.L.M. (author), Hertogh, M.J.C.M. (author)
Increasing complexity of projects is mentioned as one of the reasons for project failure—still. This paper presents a comparative research to investigate how project complexity was perceived by project practitioners in different industry sectors. Five sectors were included: process industry, construction industry, ICT, high-tech product...
journal article 2018
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Giordano, G. (author)
This paper considers two models of ceramide-transfer protein (CERT)-mediated ceramide transfer at the trans-Golgi network proposed in the literature, short distance shuttle and neck swinging, and seeks structural (parameter-free) features of the two models, which rely exclusively on the peculiar interaction network and not on specific parameter...
journal article 2018
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Maljaars, P.J. (author), Windt, Jaap (author), Grasso, Nicola (author), Kaminski, M.L. (author)
In the past several decades, many papers have been published on fluid–structure coupled calculations to analyse the hydro-elastic response of flexible (composite) propellers. The flow is usually modelled either by the Navier–Stokes equations or as a potential flow, by assuming an irrotational flow. Phenomena as separation of the flow, flow...
journal article 2018
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Micaleff, Daniel (author), van Bussel, G.J.W. (author)
Urban wind energy research is crucial for the success or failure of wind turbines installed in the built environment. Research in this field is fragmented into various research groups working on different topics in isolation with seemingly few efforts of integrating the various fields. This review aims at highlighting the synergies between the...
journal article 2018
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Meijer, D.H. (author), van Bijnen, J.A.C. (author), Langeveld, J.G. (author), Korving, J.L. (author), Post, J.A.B. (author), Clemens, F.H.L.R. (author)
Underground water infrastructure is essential for life in cities. The aging of these infrastructures requires maintenance strategies to maintain a minimum service level. Not all elements are equally important for the functioning of the infrastructure as a whole. Identifying the most critical elements in a network is crucial for formulating...
journal article 2018
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Ghaderi, M. (author), Karimishahmarvandi, Ehsan (author), Wolfenbuttel, R.F. (author)
The design and fabrication of wideband mid-infrared metamaterial absorbers are presented. The emphasis is put on the shape-tolerant design for using masked UV (i-line) lithography and CMOS-compatible fabrication to enable on-chip co-integration with detector and readout circuits in a MEMS foundry while maintaining wafer throughput. The...
journal article 2018
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Zuo, Y. (author), Ye, G. (author)
The pore structure of alkali-activated slag has a significant influence on its performance. However, the literature shows insufficient studies regarding the suitability of different techniques for characterizing the pore structure and the influences of Na2O and curing age on pore structure development. In pursuit of a better understanding, the...
journal article 2018
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van Driel, B.A. (author), van den Berg, K. J. (author), Gerretzen, J. (author), Dik, J. (author)
White pigments were abundantly used in 20th century paintings, and relate to several degradation risks such as titanium white mediated photocatalytic binder degradation or zinc soap formation. Knowledge about the white pigments that were used is essential for risk assessments of 20th century collections. In this study, a representative set of...
journal article 2018
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Onencan, A.M. (author), van de Walle, B.A. (author)
Equitable and reasonable utilization is a core principle in the distribution of water resources. However, its practical application in the Nile Basin has been a significant challenge, leading to a water allocation deadlock. To address the deadlock, we used the van Eeten (1999) four-step process for defining new agendas. To reconstruct the debate...
journal article 2018
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Puerari, E. (author), de Koning, J.I.J.C. (author), von Wirth, Timo (author), Karré, Philip M. (author), Mulder, I.J. (author), Loorbach, Derk (author)
Citizens and urban policy makers are experimenting with collaborative ways to tackle wicked urban issues, such as today’s sustainability challenges. In this article, we consider one particular way of collaboration in an experimental setting: Urban Living Labs (ULLs). ULLs are understood as spatially embedded sites for the co-creation of...
journal article 2018
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Poppelaars, F.A. (author), Bakker, C.A. (author), van Engelen, J.M.L. (author)
Value creation in a circular economy is based on products being returned after use. In the case of smartphones, most are never returned and tend to be kept in drawers. Smartphone access services (e.g., leasing or upgrade) have been experimented with in the Netherlands but have been largely unsuccessful. This study explores the reasons why...
journal article 2018
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