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van Wee, G.P. (author)
review 2018
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Sheldon, R.A. (author), Woodley, John M. (author)
review 2018
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Sheldon, R.A. (author)
The first green chemistry metrics - the E factor (kgs waste/kg product) and atom economy (mol wt of product/sum of mol wts of starting materials) - were introduced in the early 1990s and were actually green chemistry avant la lettre. In the last two decades, these two metrics have been adopted worldwide by both academia and industry. The E...
review 2018
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van Sebille, Erik (author), Deleersnijder, E.L.C. (author), Heemink, A.W. (author), Griffies, Stepehn M. (author), Abernathey, Ryan (author), Adams, Thomas P. (author), Berloff, Pavel (author), Biastoch, Arne (author), Blanke, Bruno (author), Chassignet, Eric P. (author), More Authors (author)
Lagrangian analysis is a powerful way to analyse the output of ocean circulation models and other ocean velocity data such as from altimetry. In the Lagrangian approach, large sets of virtual particles are integrated within the three-dimensional, time-evolving velocity fields. Over several decades, a variety of tools and methods for this...
review 2018
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Akselrod, Mark (author), Kouwenberg, J.J.M. (author)
:C,Mg) and confocal laser scanning...
review 2018
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Ganesan, Abiseka Akash (author), Houtepen, A.J. (author), Crisp, R.W. (author)
From a niche field over 30 years ago, quantum dots (QDs) have developed into viable materials for many commercial optoelectronic devices. We discuss the advancements in Pb-based QD solar cells (QDSCs) from a viewpoint of the pathways an excited state can take when relaxing back to the ground state. Systematically understanding the fundamental...
review 2018
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Babafemi, Adewumi John (author), Šavija, B. (author), Chandra Paul, Suvash (author), Anggraini, Vivi (author)
The abundance of waste plastic is a major issue for the sustainability of the environment as plastic pollutes rivers, land, and oceans. However, the versatile behavior of plastic (it is lightweight, flexible, strong, moisture-resistant, and cheap) can make it a replacement for or alternative to many existing composite materials like concrete....
review 2018
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Bogaard, T.A. (author), Greco, R. (author)
Many shallow landslides and debris flows are precipitation initiated. Therefore, regional landslide hazard assessment is often based on empirically derived precipitation intensity-duration (ID) thresholds and landslide inventories. Generally, two features of precipitation events are plotted and labeled with (shallow) landslide occurrence or...
review 2018
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Grajciar, Lukáš (author), Heard, Christopher J. (author), Bondarenko, Anton A. (author), Polynski, Mikhail V. (author), Meeprasert, J. (author), Pidko, E.A. (author), Nachtigall, Petr (author)
An increased synergy between experimental and theoretical investigations in heterogeneous catalysis has become apparent during the last decade. Experimental work has extended from ultra-high vacuum and low temperature towards operando conditions. These developments have motivated the computational community to move from standard descriptive...
review 2018
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Sheldon, R.A. (author)
review 2018
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Mans, R. (author), Daran, J.G. (author), Pronk, J.T. (author)
Evolutionary engineering, which uses laboratory evolution to select for industrially relevant traits, is a popular strategy in the development of high-performing yeast strains for industrial production of fuels and chemicals. By integrating whole-genome sequencing, bioinformatics, classical genetics and genome-editing techniques, evolutionary...
review 2018
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Augusto Viviani Perpignan, A. (author), Gangoli Rao, A. (author), Roekaerts, D.J.E.M. (author)
Since its discovery, the Flameless Combustion (FC) regime has been seen as a promising alternative combustion technique to reduce pollutant emissions of gas turbine engines. This combustion mode is often characterized by well-distributed reaction zones, which can potentially decrease temperature gradients, acoustic oscillations and,...
review 2018
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Krah, Alexander (author), Zarco-Zavala, Mariel (author), McMillan, D.G.G. (author)
ATP synthases catalyse the formation of ATP, the most common chemical energy storage unit found in living cells. These enzymes are driven by an electrochemical ion gradient, which allows the catalytic evolution of ATP by a binding change mechanism. Most ATP synthases are capable of catalysing ATP hydrolysis to varying degrees, and to prevent...
review 2018
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Apte, S. (author), Plooij, M.C. (author), Vallery, H. (author)
Background: Body weight support (BWS) systems have shown promise as rehabilitation tools for neurologically impaired individuals. This paper reviews the experiment-based research on BWS systems with the aim: (1) To investigate the influence of body weight unloading (BWU) on gait characteristics; (2) To study whether the effects of BWS differ...
review 2018
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van Manen, T. (author), Janbaz, S. (author), Zadpoor, A.A. (author)
Shape-shifting of flat materials into the desired 3D configuration is an alternative design route for fabrication of complex 3D shapes, which provides many benefits such as access to the flat material surface and the ability to produce well-described motions. The advanced production techniques that primarily work in 2D could then be used to...
review 2018
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Lund, Anja (author), van der Velden, N.M. (author), Persson, Nils-Krister (author), Hamedi, Mahiar M. (author), Müller, Christian (author)
Conducting fibres and yarns promise to become an essential part of the next generation of wearable electronics that seamlessly integrate electronic function into one of the most versatile and most widely used form of materials: textiles. This review explores the many types of conducting fibres and yarns that can be realised with conjugated...
review 2018
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Prewett, Philip D. (author), Hagen, C.W. (author), Lenk, Claudia (author), Lenk, Steve (author), Kaestner, Marcus (author), Ivanov, Tzvetan (author), Hari, S. (author), Scotuzzi, M. (author), More Authors (author)
Following a brief historical summary of the way in which electron beam lithography developed out of the scanning electron microscope, three state-of-the-art charged-particle beam nanopatterning technologies are considered. All three have been the subject of a recently completed European Union Project entitled "Single Nanometre Manufacturing:...
review 2018
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Cramer, Sophie J.E. (author), Dekker, Janneke (author), Dankelman, J. (author), Pauws, Steffen C. (author), Hooper, Stuart B. (author), te Pas, Arjan B. (author)
Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is one of the most common diagnoses in preterm infants. Severe and recurrent apneas are associated with cerebral injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. Despite pharmacotherapy and respiratory support to prevent apneas, a proportion of infants continue to have apneas and often need tactile stimulation, mask,...
review 2018
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Pasetto, Damiano (author), Arenas-Castro, Salvador (author), Bustamante, Javier (author), Casagrandi, Renato (author), Chrysoulakis, Nektarios (author), Cord, Anna F. (author), Dittrich, Andreas (author), Domingo‐Marimon, Cristina (author), El Serafy, G.Y.H. (author), Karnieli, Arnon (author), Kordelas, Georgios A. (author), Manakos, Ioannis (author), Mari, Lorenzo (author), Monteiro, Antonio (author), Palazzi, Elisa (author), Poursanidis, Dimitris (author), Rinaldo, Andrea (author), Terzago, Silvia (author), Ziemba, A.M. (author), Ziv, Guy (author)
Spatiotemporal ecological modelling of terrestrial ecosystems relies on climatological and biophysical Earth observations. Due to their increasing availability, global coverage, frequent acquisition and high spatial resolution, satellite remote sensing (SRS) products are frequently integrated to in situ data in the development of ecosystem...
review 2018
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Ghosh, Sandeep (author), Manna, L. (author)
Over the years, scientists have identified various synthetic "handles" while developing wet chemical protocols for achieving a high level of shape and compositional complexity in colloidal nanomaterials. Halide ions have emerged as one such handle which serve as important surface active species that regulate nanocrystal (NC) growth and...
review 2018
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