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Zaal, P.M.T. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Chu, Q.P. (author), Van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Mulder, J.A. (author)
This paper presents a new method for estimating the parameters of multi-channel pilot models that is based on maximum likelihood estimation. To cope with the inherent nonlinearity of this optimization problem, the gradient-based Gauss-Newton algorithm commonly used to optimize the likelihood function in terms of output error is complemented with...
journal article 2009
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Pool, D.M. (author), Van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
This paper investigates the modeling of humanmanual control behavior for pursuit tracking tasks in which target forcing functions consisting of multiple ramp-like changes in target attitude are used. Due to the use of a pursuit display and the predictability of such forcing function signals, it can be anticipated that a pursuit or precognitive...
conference paper 2010
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Breur, S.W. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
This paper describes an investigation into the effects of displayed error scaling on manual control behavior during compensatory roll-axis tracking. Previous experiments have indicated that for compensatory displays that, similar to an artificial horizon, present the roll tracking errors in rotational form, the deviations for typical quasi...
conference paper 2010
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Van Wieringen, A.T. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Due to the significant translational heave motion at the pilot station associated with changes in aircraft pitch attitude, themotion cueing for aircraft pitchmaneuvering typically requires significant heave washout filtering. Previous studies that attempted to motivate choices in the motion cueing strategy for pitch maneuvering based on...
conference paper 2011
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Pool, D.M. (author), Damveld, H.J. (author), Van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
This paper describes the preliminary results of an effort to compile data from a large number of studies that investigated the effects of variations in motion filter settings on pilot behavior. The main objective of this study is to formulate a set of mathematical rules that will allow for the tuning of behavioral pilot models to a certain...
conference paper 2011
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Cleij, D. (author), Venrooij, J. (author), Pretto, P. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Bülthoff, H.H. (author)
Motion cueing algorithms (MCA) are used in motion simulation to map the inertial vehicle motions onto the simulator motion space. To increase fidelity of the motion simulation, these MCAs are tuned to minimize the perceived incoherence between the visual and inertial motion cues. Despite time-invariant MCA dynamics the incoherence is not...
conference paper 2015
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Lu, T. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
With the development of moving-based flight simulators in mind, a large number of researchers have considered human manual control behavior in tasks where the motion of the controlled vehicle can be felt by the pilots. While it is known that the dynamics of the controlled vehicle are a key factor that determines the usefulness of motion feedback...
conference paper 2015
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Drop, F.M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Bülthoff, Heinrich H. (author)
The human controller (HC) can greatly improve target-tracking performance by utilizing a feedforward operation on the target signal, in addition to a feedback response. System identification methods are used to determine the correct HC model structure: purely feedback or a combined feedforward/feedback model. In this paper, we investigate three...
journal article 2016
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Lakerveld, P.R. (author), Damveld, H.J. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van der El, K. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
This paper investigates the importance of yaw and sway motion cues in curve driving simulation. While such motion cues are known to enhance simulation realism, their function in supporting realistic driver behavior in simulators is still largely unknown. A human-in-the-loop curve driving experiment was performed in the SIMONA Research Simulator...
journal article 2016
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van der El, K. (author), Barendswaard, S. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
In many practical control tasks, human controllers (HC) can preview the trajectory they must follow in the near future. This paper investigates the effects of the length of previewed target trajectory, or preview time, on HC behavior in rate tracking tasks. To do so, a human-in-the-loop experiment was performed, consisting of a combined target...
conference paper 2016
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Popovici, A (author), Zaal, P.M.T. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
This study attempts to partially explain the characteristics of the human perceptual remnant, following Levison’s representation of the remnant as an equivalent observation noise. Eye activity parameters are recorded using an eye tracker in two compensatory tracking tasks in which the visual information is presented using either a first or...
conference paper 2016
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Roggenkämper, N (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Drop, F.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
In manual control, the human operator primarily responds to visual inputs but may elect to make use of other available feedback paths such as physical motion, adopting a multi-channel control strategy. Hu- man operator identification procedures generally require a priori selection of the model structure, which can be problematic as the exact...
conference paper 2016
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Peterse, H.P.M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Knowledge of how human operators’ tracking behavior is affected by simulator motion cueing settings is of great value for flight simulator design and fidelity evaluations. Previous studies have revealed strong effects of degraded motion cueing quality on human operator control behavior in compensatory tracking, but the presented visual cues in...
conference paper 2016
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Barendswaard, S. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
While many realistic manual control tasks require human operators to control multiple degrees-of-freedomsimultaneously, our understanding of such multi-axis manual control has not moved far beyond considering it simply as the control of multiple fully-independent axes. This investigation aims to further our understanding of multi-axis control by...
conference paper 2016
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Mulder, M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), Boer, E.R. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author)
Manual control cybernetics aims to understand and describe how humans control vehicles and devices, such that more effective human-machine interfaces can be designed. Current cybernetics theory is primarily based on technology and analysis methods developed in the 1960s and has shown to be limited in its capability to capture the full breadth of...
conference paper 2016
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Miletovic, I. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Stroosma, O. (author), Pavel, M.D. (author), Wentink, M (author), Mulder, M. (author)
The fidelity of a rotorcraft flight simulator is influenced by many factors, such as the vehicle dynamic model and the motion cueing algorithm (MCA). To quantify the fidelity of a simulator objectively requires detailed knowledge of human pilot perception and control behaviour that is not yet available. As a consequence, subjective...
conference paper 2017
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Drop, F.M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Bülthoff, Heinrich H. (author)
Realistic manual control tasks typically involve predictable target signals and random disturbances. The human controller (HC) is hypothesized to use a feedforward control strategy for target-following, in addition to feedback control for disturbance-rejection. Little is known about human feedforward control, partly because common system...
journal article 2017
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Duarte, R.F.M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
In this paper, the Linear Parameter Varying (LPV) model identification framework is applied to estimating time-varying human controller (HC) dynamics in a single-loop tracking task. Given the inherently unknown time changes in HC behavior, a global LPV approach with experimentally determined Scheduling Functions (SFs) is needed for this...
conference paper 2017
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Mulder, M. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), Boer, E.R. (author), Zaal, P.M.T. (author), Drop, F.M. (author), van der El, K. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author)
Manual control cybernetics aims to understand and describe how humans control vehicles and devices using mathematical models of human control dynamics. This “cybernetic approach” enables objective and quantitative comparisons of human behavior, and allows a systematic optimization of human control interfaces and training...
journal article 2017
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Cleij, D. (author), Pool, D.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Bülthoff, Heinrich H. (author)
abstract 2017
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