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Sciacchitano, A. (author), Discetti, Stefano (author)
review 2022
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Ding, Er (author), Zhang, D. (author), Bluyssen, P.M. (author)
Airborne transmission of small respiratory droplets (i.e., aerosols) is one of the dominant transmission routes of pathogens of several contagious respiratory diseases, which mainly takes place between occupants when sharing indoor spaces. The important role of ventilation in airborne infection control has been extensively discussed in...
review 2022
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Turan, E. (author), Speretta, S. (author), Gill, E.K.A. (author)
In recent years, there is a growing interest in small satellites for deep space exploration. The current approach for planetary navigation is based on ground-based radiometric tracking. A new era of low-cost small satellites for space exploration will require autonomous deep space navigation. This will decrease the reliance on ground-based...
review 2022
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van Vondelen, A.A.W. (author), Navalkar, S.T. (author), Iliopoulos, Alexandros (author), van der Hoek, D.C. (author), van Wingerden, J.W. (author)
To increase the contribution of offshore wind energy to the global energy mix in an economically sustainable manner, it is required to reduce the costs associated with the production and operation of offshore wind turbines (OWTs). One of the largest uncertainties and sources of conservatism in design and lifetime prediction for OWTs is the...
review 2022
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Kirschbaum, Lucas (author), Robu, Valentin (author), Swingler, Jonathan (author), Flynn, David (author)
Electromagnetic Relays (Electromagnetic Relay (EMR)s) are omnipresent in electrical systems, ranging from mass-produced consumer products to highly specialised, safety-critical industrial systems. Our detailed literature review focused on EMR reliability highlighting the methods used to estimate the State of Health or the Remaining Useful...
review 2022
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Tang, Yingjie (author), Mou, Junmin (author), Chen, Linying (author), Zhou, Y. (author)
Through the continuous development of intellectualization, considering the lifecycle of ships, the future of a waterborne traffic system is bound to be a mixed scenario where intelligent ships of different autonomy levels co-exist, i.e., mixed waterborne traffic. According to the three modules of ships’ perception, decision-making, and execution...
review 2022
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Raju Kulkarni, A. (author), la Rocca, G. (author), Veldhuis, L.L.M. (author), Eitelberg, G. (author)
Growing interest in unconventional aircraft designs coupled with miniaturization of electronics and advancements in manufacturing techniques have revived the interest in the use of Sub-scale Flight Testing (SFT) to study the flight behaviour of full-scale aircraft in the early stages of design process by means of free-flying sub-scale models....
review 2022
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Abushaban, Almotasembellah (author), Salinas-Rodriguez, Sergio G. (author), Philibert, Marc (author), Le Bouille, L.C.M. (author), Necibi, Mohamed Chaker (author), Chehbouni, Abdelghani (author)
Many desalination plants still struggle to control biological fouling in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) systems as there are no standard methods to monitor this type of fouling. Strategies to control biofouling in SWRO systems have been proposed such as antifouling coating and lowering biofouling potential in SWRO feedwater through...
review 2022
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Novikov, Ivan (author), Grabowski, Blazej (author), Körmann, F.H.W. (author), Shapeev, Alexander (author)
We present the magnetic Moment Tensor Potentials (mMTPs), a class of machine-learning interatomic potentials, accurately reproducing both vibrational and magnetic degrees of freedom as provided, e.g., from first-principles calculations. The accuracy is achieved by a two-step minimization scheme that coarse-grains the atomic and the spin space...
review 2022
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Pajonk, A.M. (author), Prieto Hoces, A.I. (author), Blum, Ulrich (author), Knaack, U. (author)
Multi-Material Additive Manufacturing (MMAM) is an emerging manufacturing approach that is gaining interest in architecture and construction as an expansion of Additive Manufacturing. Hereby, different materials or material properties are combined in a single additive process in order to create objects that are composed of multiple materials....
review 2022
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Yarali, E. (author), Baniasadi, Mahdi (author), Zolfagharian, Ali (author), Chavoshi, Maede (author), Arefi, Fatemeh (author), Hossain, Mokarram (author), Bastola, Anil (author), Ansari, Mahdi (author), Foyouzat, Alireza (author), Dabbagh, Ali (author), Ebrahimi, Mohamad (author), Mirzaali Mazandarani, M. (author), Bodaghi, Mahdi (author)
Magneto-/ electro-responsive polymers (MERPs) are a class of stimuli-responsive materials that are actuated when triggered by external magnetic/ electric fields. MERPs exhibit rapid, reversible, and safe multi-functional and dynamic (i.e., changing with time) properties, which can effectively be manipulated at different length scales. These...
review 2022
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Krauklis, Andrey E. (author), Karl, Christian W. (author), Rocha, I.B.C.M. (author), Burlakovs, Juris (author), Ozola-Davidane, Ruta (author), Gagani, Abedin I. (author), Starkova, Olesja (author)
Service lifetimes of polymers and polymer composites are impacted by environmental ageing. The validation of new composites and their environmental durability involves costly testing programs, thus calling for more affordable and safe alternatives, and modelling is seen as such an alternative. The state-of-the-art models are systematized in...
review 2022
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Linaker, Johan (author), Runeson, Per (author), Zuiderwijk-van Eijk, A.M.G. (author), Brock, Amanda (author)
Engineers require high-quality data for the design and implementation of today's software, especially in the context of machine learning (ML). This puts an emphasis on the need for the publication and sharing of data from and between organizations, public as well as private. Following the paradigm of open innovation, open data provide a...
review 2022
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McKenna, Russell (author), Pfenninger, S. (author), Heinrichs, Heidi (author), Schmidt, Johannes (author), Staffell, Iain (author), Bauer, Christian (author), Gruber, Katharina (author), Hahmann, Andrea N. (author), Jansen, Malte (author), Klingler, Michael (author), Landwehr, Natascha (author), Larsén, Xiaoli Guo (author), Lilliestam, Johan (author), Pickering, Bryn (author), Robinius, Martin (author), Tröndle, Tim (author), Turkovska, Olga (author), Wehrle, Sebastian (author), Weinand, Jann Michael (author), Wohland, Jan (author)
The rapid uptake of renewable energy technologies in recent decades has increased the demand of energy researchers, policymakers and energy planners for reliable data on the spatial distribution of their costs and potentials. For onshore wind energy this has resulted in an active research field devoted to analysing these resources for regions...
review 2022
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Kirli, Desen (author), Couraud, Benoit (author), Robu, Valentin (author), Salgado-Bravo, Marcelo (author), Norbu, Sonam (author), Andoni, Merlinda (author), Antonopoulos, Ioannis (author), Negrete-Pincetic, Matias (author), Flynn, David (author), Kiprakis, Aristides (author)
Given the ongoing transition towards a more decentralised and adaptive energy system, the potential of blockchain-enabled smart contracts for the energy sector is being increasingly recognised. Due to their self-executing, customisable and tamper-proof nature, they are seen as a key technology for enabling the transition to a more efficient,...
review 2022
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Christensen, Matthew W. (author), Gettelman, Andrew (author), Cermak, Jan (author), Dagan, Guy (author), Diamond, Michael (author), Douglas, Alyson (author), Feingold, Graham (author), Glassmeier, F. (author), Goren, Tom (author), Grosvenor, Daniel P. (author)
Aerosol-cloud interactions (ACIs) are considered to be the most uncertain driver of present-day radiative forcing due to human activities. The nonlinearity of cloud-state changes to aerosol perturbations make it challenging to attribute causality in observed relationships of aerosol radiative forcing. Using correlations to infer causality can...
review 2022
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Bai, Ying (author), Wang, Zongzhi (author), van der Hoek, J.P. (author)
Agricultural activities can be important source of organic pollution. In agricultural intensive areas, organic chemicals have a high possibility of entering the water cycle, which could pose a potential risk to human health. Low-cost and high efficiency in-situ techniques instead of energy and money consuming ones to control agricultural organic...
review 2022
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Zisopoulos, Filippos K. (author), Schraven, D.F.J. (author), de Jong, Martin (author)
Considering its relatively low circularity rate (11.8% in 2019), the EU set several waste management targets as part of its roadmap to a circular economy yet the decision about which transition pathway to follow is not trivial. The maximization of circularity in human made systems is intended to function as a catalyst for this transition albeit...
review 2022
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Bauwens, Thomas (author), Schraven, D.F.J. (author), Drewing, Emily (author), Radtke, Jörg (author), Holstenkamp, Lars (author), Gotchev, Boris (author), Yildiz, Özgür (author)
Community-based energy systems are gaining traction among policymakers and practitioners as promising models for implementing a low-carbon energy transition. As a result, there has been a proliferation of concepts in the scientific literature, such as community energy, energy communities, community solar, and community wind. However, what...
review 2022
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Yan, J. (author), Savenije, T.J. (author), Mazzarella, L. (author), Isabella, O. (author)
Since the first application of a metal halide perovskite (PVK) absorber in a solar cell, these materials have drawn a great deal of attention in the photovoltaic (PV) community, showing exceptional rapid progress in power conversion efficiency. The potential advantages of low-cost, high efficiency, easy processability, and wide range of...
review 2022
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