Searched for: author%3A%22Draws%2C+T.A.%22
(1 - 19 of 19)
document
Rieger, A. (author), Draws, T.A. (author), Mattis, Nicolas (author), Maxwell, David (author), Elsweiler, David (author), Gadiraju, Ujwal (author), McKay, Dana (author), Bozzon, A. (author), Pera, M.S. (author)
Web search has evolved into a platform people rely on for opinion formation on debated topics. Yet, pursuing this search intent can carry serious consequences for individuals and society and involves a high risk of biases. We argue that web search can and should empower users to form opinions responsibly and that the information retrieval...
conference paper 2024
document
Draws, T.A. (author)
doctoral thesis 2023
document
Bink, Markus (author), Schwarz, Sebastian (author), Draws, T.A. (author), Elsweiler, David (author)
Featured snippets that attempt to satisfy users' information needs directly on top of the first search engine results page (SERP) have been shown to strongly impact users' post-search attitudes and beliefs. In the context of debated but scientifically answerable topics, recent research has demonstrated that users tend to trust featured...
conference paper 2023
document
Draws, T.A. (author), Natesan Ramamurthy, Karthikeyan (author), Baldini, Ioana (author), Dhurandhar, Amit (author), Padhi, Inkit (author), Timmermans, Benjamin (author), Tintarev, N. (author)
One way to help users navigate debated topics online is to apply stance detection in web search. Automatically identifying whether search results are against, neutral, or in favor could facilitate diversification efforts and support interventions that aim to mitigate cognitive biases. To be truly useful in this context, however, stance...
conference paper 2023
document
Draws, T.A. (author), Roy, N. (author), Inel, Oana (author), Rieger, A. (author), Hada, Rishav (author), Yalcin, Mehmet Orcun (author), Timmermans, Benjamin (author), Tintarev, N. (author)
Adverse phenomena such as the search engine manipulation effect (SEME), where web search users change their attitude on a topic following whatever most highly-ranked search results promote, represent crucial challenges for research and industry. However, the current lack of automatic methods to comprehensively measure or increase viewpoint...
conference paper 2023
document
Yurrita Semperena, M. (author), Draws, T.A. (author), Balayn, A.M.A. (author), Murray-Rust, D.S. (author), Tintarev, N. (author), Bozzon, A. (author)
Recent research claims that information cues and system attributes of algorithmic decision-making processes affect decision subjects' fairness perceptions. However, little is still known about how these factors interact. This paper presents a user study (N = 267) investigating the individual and combined effects of explanations, human...
conference paper 2023
document
Barile, Francesco (author), Draws, T.A. (author), Inel, Oana (author), Rieger, A. (author), Najafian, S. (author), Ebrahimi Fard, Amir (author), Hada, Rishav (author), Tintarev, N. (author)
Social choice aggregation strategies have been proposed as an explainable way to generate recommendations to groups of users. However, it is not trivial to determine the best strategy to apply for a specific group. Previous work highlighted that the performance of a group recommender system is affected by the internal diversity of the group...
journal article 2023
document
Hoogeveen, Suzanne (author), Sarafoglou, Alexandra (author), Balazs, AC (author), Aditya, Yonathan (author), Alayan, Alexandra J. (author), Allen, Peter J. (author), Altay, Sacha (author), Draws, T.A. (author), Roy, N. (author)
The relation between religiosity and well-being is one of the most researched topics in the psychology of religion, yet the directionality and robustness of the effect remains debated. Here, we adopted a many-analysts approach to assess the robustness of this relation based on a new cross-cultural dataset ((Formula presented.) participants...
journal article 2022
document
Draws, T.A. (author), Inel, O. (author), Tintarev, N. (author), Baden, Christian (author), Timmermans, Benjamin (author)
Research in the area of human information interaction (HII) typically represents viewpoints on debated topics in a binary fashion, as either against or in favor of a given topic (e.g., the feminist movement). This simple taxonomy, however, greatly reduces the latent richness of viewpoints and thereby limits the potential of research and...
conference paper 2022
document
van Lissa, Caspar J. (author), Stroebe, Wolfgang (author), van Dellen, Michelle R. (author), Pontus Leander, N. (author), Agostini, Maximillian (author), Draws, T.A. (author), Grygoryshyn, Andrii (author), Gutzgow, Ben (author), Reitsema, A.M.J. (author)
Before vaccines for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) became available, a set of infection-prevention behaviors constituted the primary means to mitigate the virus spread. Our study aimed to identify important predictors of this set of behaviors. Whereas social and health psychological theories suggest a limited set of predictors, machine...
journal article 2022
document
Sarafoglou, Alexandra (author), van der Heijden, Anna (author), Draws, T.A. (author), Cornelisse, Joran (author), Wagenmakers, Eric Jan (author), Marsman, Maarten (author)
Current developments in the statistics community suggest that modern statistics education should be structured holistically, that is, by allowing students to work with real data and to answer concrete statistical questions, but also by educating them about alternative frameworks, such as Bayesian inference. In this article, we describe how we...
journal article 2022
document
Draws, T.A. (author), La Barbera, David (author), Soprano, Michael (author), Roitero, Kevin (author), Ceolin, Davide (author), Checco, Alessandro (author), Mizzaro, Stefano (author)
Due to the increasing amount of information shared online every day, the need for sound and reliable ways of distinguishing between trustworthy and non-trustworthy information is as present as ever. One technique for performing fact-checking at scale is to employ human intelligence in the form of crowd workers. Although earlier work has...
conference paper 2022
document
Draws, T.A. (author), Rieger, A. (author), Inel, O. (author), Gadiraju, Ujwal (author), Tintarev, N. (author)
Recent research has demonstrated that cognitive biases such as the confirmation bias or the anchoring effect can negatively affect the quality of crowdsourced data. In practice, however, such biases go unnoticed unless specifically assessed or controlled for. Task requesters need to ensure that task workflow and design choices do not trigger...
conference paper 2021
document
Draws, T.A. (author), Tintarev, N. (author), Gadiraju, Ujwal (author), Bozzon, A. (author), Timmermans, B. (author)
In web search on debated topics, algorithmic and cognitive biases strongly influence how users consume and process information. Recent research has shown that this can lead to a search engine manipulation effect (SEME): when search result rankings are biased towards a particular viewpoint, users tend to adopt this favored viewpoint. To better...
conference paper 2021
document
Draws, T.A. (author)
Web search increasingly provides a platform for users to seek advice on important personal decisions [6] but may be biased in several different ways [1]. One result of such biases is the search engine manipulation effect (SEME): when a list of search results relates to a debated topic (e.g., veganism) and promotes documents pertaining to a...
conference paper 2021
document
Draws, T.A. (author), Tintarev, N. (author), Gadiraju, Ujwal (author), Bozzon, A. (author), Timmermans, Benjamin (author)
The way pages are ranked in search results influences whether the users of search engines are exposed to more homogeneous, or rather to more diverse viewpoints. However, this viewpoint diversity is not trivial to assess. In this paper we use existing and novel ranking fairness metrics to evaluate viewpoint diversity in search result rankings. We...
conference paper 2021
document
Rieger, A. (author), Draws, T.A. (author), Theune, Mariët (author), Tintarev, N. (author)
During online information search, users tend to select search results that confirm previous beliefs and ignore competing possibilities. This systematic pattern in human behavior is known as confirmation bias. In this paper, we study the effect of obfuscation (i.e., hiding the result unless the user clicks on it) with warning labels and the...
conference paper 2021
document
Najafian, S. (author), Draws, T.A. (author), Barile, Francesco (author), Tkalcic, Marko (author), Yang, J. (author), Tintarev, N. (author)
Recent research has shown that explanations serve as an important means to increase transparency in group recommendations while also increasing users' privacy concerns. However, it is currently unclear what personal and contextual factors affect users' privacy concerns about various types of personal information. This paper studies the effect...
conference paper 2021
document
Draws, T.A. (author), Liu, Jody (author), Tintarev, N. (author)
Support or opposition concerning a debated claim such as abortion should be legal can have different underlying reasons, which we call perspectives. This paper explores how opinion mining can be enhanced with joint topic modeling, to identify distinct perspectives within the topic, providing an informative overview from unstructured text. We...
conference paper 2021
Searched for: author%3A%22Draws%2C+T.A.%22
(1 - 19 of 19)