Searched for: author%3A%22Forbes%2C+P.A.%22
(1 - 15 of 15)
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Rasman, Brandon G. (author), van der Zalm, P.C. (author), Forbes, P.A. (author)
Background: While standing upright, the brain must accurately accommodate for delays between sensory feedback and self-generated motor commands. Natural aging may limit adaptation to sensorimotor delays due to age-related decline in sensory acuity, neuromuscular capacity and cognitive function. This study examined balance learning in young and...
journal article 2023
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Tisserand, Romain (author), Rasman, Brandon G. (author), Omerovic, Nina (author), Peters, Ryan M. (author), Forbes, P.A. (author), Blouin, Jean Sébastien (author)
The instability of human bipedalism demands that the brain accurately senses balancing self-motion and determines whether movements originate from self-generated actions or external disturbances. Here, we challenge the longstanding notion that this process relies on a single representation of the body and world to accurately perceive postural...
journal article 2022
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Kwan, Annie (author), Forbes, P.A. (author), Mitchell, Diana E. (author), Blouin, Jean Sébastien (author), Cullen, Kathleen E. (author)
Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) uses the external application of electrical current to selectively target the vestibular system in humans. Despite its recent popularity for the assessment/treatment of clinical conditions, exactly how this non-invasive tool activates the vestibular system remains an open question. Here we directly...
journal article 2019
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Arntz, Anne I. (author), Van Der Putte, Daphne A.M. (author), Jonker, Z.D. (author), Hauwert, Christopher M. (author), Frens, Maarten A. (author), Forbes, P.A. (author)
Vestibular signals, which encode head movement in space as well as orientation relative to gravity, contribute to the ongoing muscle activity required to stand. The strength of this vestibular contribution changes with the presence and quality of sensory cues of balance. Here we investigate whether the vestibular drive for standing balance...
journal article 2019
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Forbes, P.A. (author), Fice, Jason B. (author), Siegmund, Gunter P. (author), Blouin, Jean Sébastien (author)
Neck muscle activity evoked by vestibular stimuli is a clinical measure for evaluating the function of the vestibular apparatus. Cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) are most commonly measured in the sternocleidomastoid muscle (and more recently the splenius capitis muscle) in response to air-conducted sound, bone-conducted...
journal article 2018
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Rasman, Brandon G. (author), Forbes, P.A. (author), Tisserand, Romain (author), Blouin, Jean Sébastien (author)
Standing balance relies on the integration of multiple sensory inputs to generate the motor commands required to stand. Mechanical and sensory perturbations elicit compensatory postural responses that are interpreted as a window into the sensorimotor processing involved in balance control. Popular methods involve imposed external...
review 2018
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Happee, R. (author), de Bruijn, E. (author), Forbes, P.A. (author), van der Helm, F.C.T. (author)
The human head-neck system requires continuous stabilization in the presence of gravity and trunk motion. We investigated contributions of the vestibulocollic reflex (VCR), the cervicocollic reflex (CCR), and neck muscle co-contraction to head-in-space and head-on-trunk stabilization, and investigated modulation of the stabilization strategy...
journal article 2017
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de Bruijn, E. (author), Nijmeijer, SWR (author), Forbes, P.A. (author), Koelman, JHTM (author), van der Helm, F.C.T. (author), Tijssen, MAJ (author), Happee, R. (author)
Objective<br/>To identify effects of a deviant motor drive in the autospectral power of dystonic muscles during voluntary contraction in cervical dystonia patients.<br/>Methods<br/>Submaximal (20%) isometric head-neck tasks were performed with the head fixed, measuring surface EMG of the sternocleidomastoid, splenius capitis and semispinalis...
journal article 2017
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Nijmeijer, S.W.R. (author), de Bruijn, E. (author), Verhagen, R. (author), Forbes, P.A. (author), Kamphuis, D.J. (author), Happee, R. (author), Tijssen, M.A.J. (author), Koelman, J.H.T.M. (author)
Botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections in the dystonic muscles is the preferred treatment for Cervical Dystonia (CD), but the proper identification of the dystonic muscles remains a challenge. Previous studies showed decreased 8–14 Hz autospectral power in the electromyography (EMG) of splenius muscles in CD patients. Cumulative distribution...
journal article 2017
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Forbes, P.A. (author), Vlutters, M (author), Dakin, CJ (author), van der Kooij, H. (author), Blouin, JS (author), Schouten, A.C. (author)
During walking, the vestibular influence on locomotor activity is phase-dependent and modulated in both limbs with changes in velocity. It is unclear, however, whether this bilateral modulation is due to a coordinated mechanism between both limbs or instead through limb-specific processes that remain masked by the symmetric nature of locomotion....
journal article 2017
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Forbes, P.A. (author), de Bruijn, E. (author), Nijmeijer, SWR (author), Koelman, JHTM (author), van der Helm, F.C.T. (author), Schouten, A.C. (author), Tijssen, MAJ (author), Happee, R. (author)
Background Effective sensorimotor integration is essential to modulate (adapt) neck stabilization strategies in response to varying tasks and disturbances. This study evaluates the hypothesis that relative to healthy controls cervical dystonia patients have an impaired ability to modulate afferent feedback for neck stabilization with changes...
journal article 2017
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Forbes, P.A. (author), Siegmund, G.P. (author), Schouten, A.C. (author), Blouin, J.S. (author)
The vestibular system is crucial for postural control; however there are considerable differences in the task dependence and frequency response of vestibular reflexes in appendicular and axial muscles. For example, vestibular reflexes are only evoked in appendicular muscles when vestibular information is relevant to postural control, while in...
journal article 2015
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Forbes, P.A. (author)
Head-neck stabilization is inherently challenging even when stationary, requiring constant vigilance to counter the downward pull of gravity. It involves a highly complex biomechanical system comprised of a large mass (the head) balanced on top of seven vertebrae (the neck), that are in turn connected to a moving base (the torso). This multi...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Forbes, P.A. (author), Dakin, C.J. (author), Geers, A.M. (author), Vlaar, M.P. (author), Happee, R. (author), Siegmund, G.P. (author), Schouten, A.C. (author), Blouin, J.S. (author)
Electrical vestibular stimulation is often used to assess vestibulo-motor and postural responses in both clinical and research settings. Stochastic vestibular stimulation (SVS) is a recently established technique with many advantages over its square-wave counterpart; however, the evoked muscle responses remain relatively small. Although the...
journal article 2014
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Forbes, P.A. (author), Happee, R. (author), Van der Helm, F.C.T. (author), Schouten, A.C. (author)
Force and position perturbations are widely applied to identify muscular and reflexive contributions to posture maintenance of the arm. Both task instruction (force vs. position) and the inherently linked perturbation type (i.e., force perturbations-position task and position perturbations-force tasks) affect these contributions and their mutual...
journal article 2011
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