Searched for: author%3A%22Kanning%2C+W.%22
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Klerk, W.J. (author), Kanning, W. (author), Kok, M. (author), Bronsveld, J. (author), Wolfert, A.R.M. (author)
Prioritisation of flood defence maintenance is typically based on visual inspection. However, literature shows that the Probability of Detection (PoD) of visual inspection can vary significantly. Here we investigate the PoD for visual inspections of flood defence structures, the consistency of damage classification, and the influence of...
journal article 2021
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Lengkeek, H.J. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author), Kanning, W. (author)
Parameter determination is the first step in geotechnical engineering. Engineers are often confronted with limited data, large variations and different types of tests, both in-situ and laboratory tests. Within this complex setting, Codes require cautious estimates, so called characteristic values, preferable substantiated with observations and...
conference paper 2021
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Klerk, W.J. (author), Kanning, W. (author), Kok, M. (author), Wolfert, A.R.M. (author)
Climate change and deterioration require a continuous effort to reinforce flood defences and meet reliability requirements. To efficiently upgrade flood defence systems, insight in costs and benefits of measures at a system level is required throughout the process of planning and design. Due to the size of flood defence systems the number of...
journal article 2021
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Pol, J.C. (author), van Klaveren, W. (author), Kanning, W. (author), van Beek, V.M. (author), Robbins, B. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)
Most research on backward erosion piping (BEP) focuses on the critical conditions leading to failure. This paper studies the development of piping over time once the critical conditions are exceeded, which is useful to estimate time to failure. A commonly used small scale rectangular box setup is modified in order to monitor pore pressures and...
conference paper 2021
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Pol, J.C. (author), Kanning, W. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)
This paper presents a large-scale backward erosion piping experiment aimed at studying the erosion rate. This temporal aspect of piping complements previous research that focused on the critical head. To study the progression rate in realistic conditions, an experiment was carried out on a 1.8 m high levee with a cohesive blanket on a sandy...
journal article 2021
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Kool, J.J. (author), Kanning, W. (author), Jommi, C. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)
Hindcasting of past levee failures enhances insights in the performance and vulnerability of levees. The scarcity of field evidence makes identifying the cause(s) of failure difficult. Under these circumstances, multiple scenarios and model choices are possible to characterise and to model the failure. This paper shows how probabilistic...
journal article 2020
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van der Krogt, M.G. (author), Klerk, W.J. (author), Kanning, W. (author), Schweckendiek, T. (author), Kok, M. (author)
Spatial variability and limited measurements often result in low reliability estimates of geotechnical failure modes of dikes (i.e., earthen flood defences). Required dike reinforcements are usually not executed within a few years after inception, which enables efforts to improve reliability estimates by reducing uncertainty. Often decision...
journal article 2020
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Klerk, W.J. (author), Kanning, W. (author), van Veen, Nelle-Jan (author)
Many flood defences in the Netherlands will have to be reinforced in the coming decades. Many dikes do not fulfill the safety standard due to geotechnical failure modes, largely due to epistemic, reducible uncertainties. . The Value of Information is a measure to indicate beforehand whether an investment towards reducing epistemic uncertainty is...
conference paper 2019
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Kanning, W. (author), Schweckendiek, T. (author)
This paper presents a Bayesian model to determine the model uncertainty of a critical horizontal gradient model for piping for dikes, such a Lane and Bligh. A Bayesian model is needed for two reasons. First, there is a large overlap in cases that failed and survived. Second, the evidence of the failed cases is limited .The model consists of a...
conference paper 2019
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Kool, J.J. (author), Kanning, W. (author), Heyer, Torsten (author), Jommi, C. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)
Forensic analysis of past failures is valuable to improve our understanding of levee behavior. In this article a new systematic approach of forensic analysis for levee failures is proposed and applied to the Breitenhagen levee breach that occurred along the river Saale in Germany in 2013. The purpose of this study is to identify the cause of the...
journal article 2019
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Pol, J.C. (author), van Beek, Vera (author), Kanning, W. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)
Backward erosion piping is an important failure mode of dikes and dams. The time required for the backward erosion process to result in dike failure is expected to be an important factor in the safety of dikes. This holds especially in coastal and estuarine areas which are dominated by storm surge, and pipes may not fully develop during a storm....
conference paper 2019
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Bocovich, C. (author), Kanning, W. (author), Parekh, M. (author), Mooney, M. (author)
conference paper 2017
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Kanning, W. (author), Teixeira, Ana (author), van der Krogt, M.G. (author), Rippi, Katerina (author), Schweckendiek, T. (author), Hardeman, B (author)
Dikes in the Netherlands are by law required to comply with predefined safety standards. The goal of this paper is to derive the safety format and the required factor of safety for the inner slope (landside slope) instability failure mode. The first step is to derive the required target reliability for a cross-section. The second step is to...
conference paper 2017
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Kool, J.J. (author), Kanning, W. (author), Jommi, C. (author), Jonkman, S.N. (author)
The hindcasting of levee failures can provide valuable information about levee strength, strength models and dominant factors that contribute to failure. It is however not always clear how and why a levee failed as evidence (such as detail subsoil composition) is not present anymore.
abstract 2017
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Schweckendiek, T. (author), van der Krogt, M.G. (author), Teixeira, Ana (author), Kanning, W. (author), Brinkman, Rob (author), Rippi, Katerina (author)
Dikes and levees play a crucial role in flood protection. The main causes of levee failures are of geotechnical nature. Geotechnical failure modes are also the main contributors to the probability of failure of flood defenses such as levees due to the large uncertainties in ground conditions. Hence, information on ground conditions and soil...
conference paper 2017
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Kanning, W. (author), Bocovich, C. (author), Schweckendiek, T. (author), Mooney, M.A. (author)
Piping failure of levees is one of the main contributors to flood risk. Piping occurs when the head difference over a levee results in uplift of the inland blanket, followed by backward erosion in the aquifer due to high local flow velocities. Whether piping occurs, highly depends on local geo-hydrological circumstances which are uncertain due...
conference paper 2015
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De Visser, M.M. (author), Kanning, W. (author), Koopmans, R. (author), Niemeijer, J. (author)
Research to the failure mechanism piping (internal, backward erosion) in the Netherlands shows that the dikes require costly berms to meet the required safety standards. According to the Sellmeijer piping-formula, the d70 (70%-quantile of the grain size distribution by weight) is an important parameter in the resistance against piping. Therefore...
conference paper 2015
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Bischiniotis, K. (author), Kanning, W. (author), Jonkman, S.N. (author)
This research focuses on the optimization of river dikes using probabilistic methods. Its aim is to develop a generic method that automatically estimates the failure probabilities of many river dike cross-sections and gives the one with the least cost, taking into account the boundary conditions and the requirements that are set by the user....
conference paper 2014
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Schweckendiek, T. (author), Kanning, W. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)
Piping is one of the main failure mechanisms for flood defences. This paper gives an overview of recent developments in the reliability analysis for this mechanism in the Netherlands. These comprise new approaches in the treatment of heterogeneity of the subsoil with respect to the failure process, the inclusion of information from field...
journal article 2014
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Kanning, W. (author)
Piping is an important failure mechanism of flood defense structures. A dike fails due to piping when a head difference causes first the uplift of an inland blanket layer, and subsequently soil erosion due to a ground water flow. Spatial variability of subsoil parameters causes the probability of piping failure to increase, often to unacceptable...
doctoral thesis 2012
Searched for: author%3A%22Kanning%2C+W.%22
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