Searched for: author%3A%22Letema%2C+S.%22
(1 - 3 of 3)
document
Letema, S. (author), Van Vliet, B. (author), Van Lier, J.B. (author)
Urbanisation of poverty and informality in East Africa poses a threat to public health and environmental protection, perpetuating social exclusion and inequalities, while it creates service gaps. Neither conventional on-site sanitation nor modern centralised off-site sanitation provisions are tenable citywide, giving rise to the emergence of...
conference paper 2012
document
Szanto, G.L. (author), Letema, S. (author), Van Lier, J.B. (author)
This article looks at the difficulties measuring sanitation improvements in eastern Africa, arguing that data supplied by international bodies such as the WHO and UNICEF may not always be realistic and should be used with caution.
conference paper 2012
document
Letema, S. (author), Van Vliet, B. (author), Van Lier, J.B. (author)
Satellite sewage collection and treatment systems have been independently developed and managed in East African cities outside the centrally planned and sewered areas. A satellite approach is a promising provisioning option parallel to public sewerage for middle- and high-income residential areas, endowed institutions, and government facilities....
journal article 2011