Searched for: author:"Makinwa, K.A.A."
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Chaturvedi, V. (author), Vogel, J.G. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Nihtianov, S. (author)
This paper presents an eddy-current sensor (ECS) interface intended for sub-nanometer (sub-nm) displacement sensing in hi-tech applications. The interface employs a 126-MHz excitation frequency to mitigate the skin effect, and achieve high resolution and stability. An efficient on-chip sensor offset compensation scheme is introduced which...
journal article 2018
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Gürleyük, C. (author), Pedala', L. (author), Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Sebastiano, F. (author)
This paper presents a 7-MHz CMOS RC frequency reference. It consists of a frequency-locked loop in which the output frequency of a digitally controlled oscillator (DCO) is locked to the combined phase shifts of two independent RC (Wien bridge) filters, each employing resistors with complementary temperature coefficients. The filters are driven...
journal article 2018
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Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes a compact, energy efficient, resistor-based temperature sensor that can operate over a wide temperature range (-55 °C-125 °C). The sensor is based on a Wheatstone bridge (WhB) made from silicided poly-silicon and non-silicided poly-silicon resistors. To achieve both area and energy efficiencies, the current output of the WhB...
journal article 2018
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Akter, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Bult, K. (author)
and 4 × gain, it achieves-100-dB total harmonic distortion, the lowest ever reported for a dynamic amplifier. Compared to the state of the art, it exhibits 25 dB better linearity with twice...
journal article 2018
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Choi, Woojun (author), Lee, Yong-Tae (author), Kim, Seonhong (author), Lee, Sanghoon (author), Jang, Jieun (author), Chun, Junhyun (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Chae, Youngcheol (author)
This paper presents a compact resistor-based CMOS temperature sensor intended for dense thermal monitoring. It is based on an RC poly-phase filter (PPF), whose temperature-dependent phase shift is read out by a frequency-locked loop (FLL). The PPF's phase shift is determined by a zero-crossing (ZC) detector, allowing the rest of the FLL to be...
journal article 2018
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Xu, L. (author), Huijsing, J.H. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a fully integrated shunt-based current sensor that supports a 25-V input common-mode range while operating from a single 1.5-V supply. It uses a highvoltage beyond-the-rails ADC to directly digitize the voltage across an on-chip shunt resistor. To compensate for the shunt’s large temperature coefficient of resistance (∼0.335%...
journal article 2018
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Akter, S. (author), Sehgal, R.K. (author), van der Goes, Frank (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Bult, K. (author)
This paper presents a closed-loop class-AB residue amplifier for pipelined analog-to-digital converters (ADCs). It consists of a push-pull structure with a ``split-capacitor'' biasing circuit that enhances its power efficiency. The amplifier is inherently quite linear, and so incomplete settling can be used to save power while still...
journal article 2018
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Karmakar, S. (author), Gonen, B. (author), Sebastiano, F. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a dynamic zoom analog-to-digital converter for use in low-bandwidth (<1 kHz) instrumentation applications. It employs a high-speed asynchronous successive approximation register (SAR) ADC that dynamically updates the references of a fully differential Δ Σ ADC. Compared to previous zoom ADCs,...
journal article 2018
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Cai, Z. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Suy, Hilco (author), de Graaf, G. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Pertijs, M.A.P. (author)
This paper presents a readout circuit for a carbon dioxide (COࠢ) sensor that measures the CO₂-dependent thermal time constant of a hot-wire transducer. The readout circuit periodically heats up the transducer and uses a phase-domain Δ Σ modulator to digitize the phase shift of the resulting...
journal article 2018
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Pan, S. (author), Luo, Yanquan (author), Heidary Shalmany, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes a high-resolution energy-efficient CMOS temperature sensor, intended for the temperature compensation of MEMS/quartz frequency references. The sensor is based on silicided poly-silicon thermistors, which are embedded in a Wien-bridge RC filter. When driven at a fixed frequency, the filter exhibits a temperature-dependent...
journal article 2018
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Jiang, H. (author), Ligouras, C. (author), Nihtianov, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
When chopping is applied to a continuous-time sigmadelta modulator (CTΣΔM), quantization noise fold-back often occurs, leading to increased in-band noise. This can be prevented by employing a return-to-zero (RZ) digital-to-analog converter (RZ DAC) in the modulator's feedback path and arranging the chopping transitions to coincide with its RZ...
journal article 2018
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Xu, L. (author), Heidary Shalmany, S. (author), Huijsing, J.H. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This letter presents the most accurate shunt-based high-side current sensor ever reported. It achieves a 25 V input common-mode range from a single 1.8-V supply by using a beyond-the-rails ADC. A hybrid analog/digital temperature compensation scheme is proposed to simplify the circuit implementation while maintaining the state-of-the-art...
journal article 2018
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Xu, J. (author), Mitra, Srinjoy (author), Van Hoof, Chris (author), Yazicioglu, Refet Firat (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
Active electrodes (AEs), i.e., electrodes with built-in readout circuitry, are increasingly being implemented in wearable healthcare and lifestyle applications due to AEs' robustness to environmental interference. An AE locally amplifies and buffers μV-level EEG signals before driving any cabling. The low output impedance of an AE mitigates...
journal article 2017
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Yousefzadeh, B. (author), Heidary Shalmany, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a precision CMOS temperature-to-digital converter (TDC), which senses the temperature-dependent base-emitter voltage of substrate PNPs. Measurements on 20 samples from one batch show that it achieves an inaccuracy of ±60 mK (3σ) from-55 °C to +125 °C, after a single room-temperature trim. This state-of-the-art result is...
journal article 2017
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Blutman, Kristof L. (author), Kapoor, Ajay (author), Majumdar, Arjun (author), Martinez, Jacinto Garcia (author), Echeverri, Juan (author), Sevat, Leo (author), van der Wel, Arnoud P. (author), Fatemi, Hamed (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
DD<...
journal article 2017
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Cai, Z. (author), Rueda Guerrero, Luis E. (author), Louwerse, Alexander Mattheus Robert (author), Suy, Hilco (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Pertijs, M.A.P. (author)
This paper reports a readout circuit capable of accurately measuring not only the resistance of a resistive transducer, but also the power dissipated in it, which is a critical parameter in thermal flow sensors or thermal-conductivity sensors. A front-end circuit, integrated in a standard CMOS technology, sets the voltage drop across the...
journal article 2017
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Gonen, B. (author), Sebastiano, F. (author), Quan, Rui (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents the first dynamic zoom ADC. Intended for audio applications, it achieves 109-dB DR, 106-dB signal-to-noise ratio, and 103-dB SNDR in a 20-kHz bandwidth, while dissipating only 1.12 mW. This translates into the state-of-the-art energy efficiency as expressed by a Schreier FoM of 181.5 dB. It also achieves the state-of-the...
journal article 2017
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Jiang, J. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper proposes a multipath multisensor architecture for CMOS magnetic sensors, which effectively extends their bandwidth without compromising either their offset or resolution. Two designs utilizing the proposed architecture were fabricated in a 0.18-μm standard CMOS process. In the first, the combination of spinning-current Hall sensors...
journal article 2017
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Heidary Shalmany, S. (author), Draxelmayr, Dieter (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents an integrated shunt-based current-sensing system (CSS) capable of handling ±36-A currents, the highest ever reported. It also achieves a 0.3% gain error and a 400-μA offset, which is significantly better than the state-of-the-art systems. The heart of the system is a robust 260-μ Ω shunt resistor made from the lead frame...
journal article 2017
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Sonmez, U. (author), Sebastiano, F. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
An array of temperature sensors based on the thermal diffusivity (TD) of bulk silicon has been realized in a standard 40-nm CMOS process. In each TD sensor, a highly digital voltage-controlled oscillator-based Σ Δ ADC digitizes the temperature-dependent phase shift of an electrothermal filter (ETF). A phase calibration scheme is used to...
journal article 2017
Searched for: author:"Makinwa, K.A.A."
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