Searched for: author%3A%22Markine%2C+V.L.%22
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Ribeiro, Diogo (author), Calçada, Rui (author), Roberts, Clive (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
This editorial is referred to the Special Issue (SI) “Smart Condition Assessment of Railway Infrastructure” which aims to bring together the latest research studies, findings, and achievements regarding the smart condition assessment of railway infrastructure to prevent critical failure mechanisms. This SI counted with 20 high quality...
contribution to periodical 2024
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Jia, W. (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Guo, Y. (author)
The railway ballast layer provides the function of bearing loading, resisting geometry degradation, and drainage. In those related research, the behaviour of ballast assembly can be obtained by laboratory (or in-situ) tests. Limited simulation methods can be used to analyse the behaviour of ballast particles at the mesoscopic level. The...
journal article 2023
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Jia, W. (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Goncalves Carvalho, M.D. (author), Connolly, David P. (author), Guo, Y. (author)
Differential railway track settlement can result in ballast voids, leading to sleepers that hang from the rail and are no longer supported by the ballast. These hanging sleepers are damage for track component. As a solution, this paper proposes and investigates a new concept sleeper with a wedge-shaped geometry, intended to stimulate the...
journal article 2023
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Shi, Can (author), Fan, Zheng (author), Connolly, David P. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Guo, Y. (author)
Railway ballast performance is dictated by a complex mix of mechanical properties. These effect its performance at the particle level for example in terms of particle degradation, but also at the track system level in terms of settlement and stability. Therefore this paper seeks to develop new understandings of ballast behaviour and identify...
review 2023
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Chumyen, P. (author), Connolly, D. P. (author), Woodward, P. K. (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
Railway track transitions are zones where there is an abrupt change in the track-ground structure. They are often the location of rapid track deterioration, which means more frequent track maintenance is needed compared to plain line tracks. With the aim of reducing maintenance, modern transition zone designs use tapered stiffness earthwork...
journal article 2023
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Chumyen, P. (author), Connolly, D.P. (author), Woodward, P.K. (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
Railway track transition zones are areas where there is a sudden change in the track-ground structure. They include changes between ballasted and slab track, bridge approaches, and tunnel entry/exits. They are often the location of rapid track deterioration, and therefore this paper investigates the use of auxiliary rails and soil improvement...
journal article 2022
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Guo, Y. (author), Shi, Can (author), Zhao, Chunfa (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author)
Crumb rubber (CR) has been proposed to apply in the ballast or sub-ballast layer for ballast degradation mitigation and vibration (noise) reduction. The CR can change the ballast layer stiffness, which can affect the train-track-subgrade dynamic performance and cause travel comfort and safety issues. Towards this, this study aims at...
journal article 2022
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Sañudo, Roberto (author), Miranda, Marina (author), Alonso, Borja (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
Sleeper spacing has been a taboo subject throughout the railway’s history. Safety concerns related to the structural integrity have been the main causes of not addressing this matter. There are no specific and clear recommendations or guidelines in relation to this matter and the distances do not go more than 0.8 m. In order to go beyond this...
journal article 2022
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Guo, Y. (author), Xie, Jiale (author), Fan, Zheng (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Connolly, David P. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author)
The properties of railway ballast material are affected by the local geologies and climatic environments from which the parent rock is sourced. These factors can make it challenging to select the most appropriate material for railway applications. To address this issue, this paper first reviews the means of ballast selection in complex...
review 2022
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Guo, Y. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
Railway ballast is normally made of crushed rocks with grading (particle size distributions). Ballast is inevitably suffering from more rapid degradation. Because ballast keeps undergoing and dissipating most of the train loadings, furthermore, the train speed and freight weight are increasing, causing more intensive loadings to ballast. To...
book chapter 2022
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Jia, W. (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author)
Under the high requirement of ballast materials and the frequent maintenance of high-speed and heavy-haul railway, the maintenance cost and material consumption become an important problem. Several methods are used to increase the stability and service life of railway structure, also using recycled materials in ballast bed construction can be a...
journal article 2021
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Jing, Guoqing (author), Jia, W. (author), Wang, Xinyu (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Nålsund, Roar (author), Guo, Y. (author)
To enhance the stability of continuous welded rail (CWR) tracks, frictional sleepers have been developed. The frictional sleepers are new types of sleepers with grooves on the bottom, and different bottom grooves improve lateral resistances at different magnitudes. In this study, single sleeper push test (SSPT) and its model with discrete...
journal article 2021
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Guo, Y. (author), Jia, W. (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author)
Ballast rheology is a phenomenon that describes movements of ballast particles due to the discrete nature, which eventually leads to the ballast bed fluid deformation after a long-time service. In most cases, ballast rheology is the main reason of track irregularity that leads to some track defects, e.g., hanging sleeper and mud spots....
journal article 2021
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Guo, Y. (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author)
Railway ballast beds bear cyclic loadings from vehicles and deteriorate due to ballast particle degradation (breakage and abrasion), ballast pockets (subgrade defects), fouling (or contamination) and plastic deformation of the beds. Ballast bed deterioration changes the ballast track geometry, which leads to uncomfortable rides, exacerbates...
review 2021
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Guo, Y. (author), Zong, Lu (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Wang, Xinyu (author), Jing, Guoqing (author)
Lateral and longitudinal resistance of ballasted track are two main indicators for the track stability quantification. Aiming at improving the lateral and longitudinal resistance, nailed sleeper is studied with single sleeper push tests (SSPTs) and discrete element modelling (DEM). The SSPTs were applied to study how much resistance the...
journal article 2021
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Guo, Y. (author), Fu, Hao (author), Qian, Yu (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author)
The lateral stability of ballasted track becomes more important because of the safety requirement under the demand of higher train speed and heavier axle load. To increase the lateral resistance of ballast bed, this paper proposes three types of new sleepers, frictional sleepers. The frictional sleepers are sleepers with different shapes of...
journal article 2020
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Guo, Y. (author), Ji, Yameng (author), Zhou, Qiang (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author)
The rubber-protected ballast (RPB) is made from natural ballast particles and crumb rubber particles. The crumb rubber is shredded waste tires. RPB was chosen to replace the ballast as it has higher resistance to breakage and abrasion. However, the static and dynamic performance of the RPB has not been confirmed yet. Towards this end,...
journal article 2020
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Liu, X. (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
This paper presents the investigation of the root causes of the fast degradation of a railway crossing. The dynamic performance of the crossing was assessed using the sensor-based crossing instrumentation, and the measurement results were verified using the multi-body system (MBS) vehicle-crossing model. Together with the field inspections,...
journal article 2020
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Liu, X. (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
This paper presents the development of a multi-body system (MBS) vehicle-crossing model and its application in the structural health monitoring (SHM) of railway crossings. The vehicle and track configurations in the model were adjusted to best match the real-life situation. By using the measurement results obtained from an instrumented...
journal article 2020
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Guo, Y. (author), Zhao, Chunfa (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author), Zhai, Wanming (author)
The discrete element method (DEM) has been confirmed as an effective numerical method for modelling railway ballast, and successfully used to analyse a wide range of ballast-related applications (e.g. geomaterials). However, there still exists some aspects under development. Among them, the model calibration can be the most significant one ...
review 2020
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