Searched for: author%3A%22Petermeijer%2C+S.M.%22
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de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author)
A major question in human-automation interaction is whether tasks should be traded or shared between human and automation. This work presents reflections—which have evolved through classroom debates between the authors over the past 10 years—on these two forms of human-automation interaction, with a focus on the automated driving domain. As...
journal article 2022
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de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Hu, Jimmy (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author)
Cars are increasingly capable of providing drivers with warnings and advice. However, whether drivers should be provided with ipsilateral warnings (signaling the direction to steer towards) or contralateral warnings (signaling the direction to avoid) is inconclusive. Furthermore, how auditory warnings and visual information from the driving...
journal article 2022
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Kolekar, S.B. (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author), Boer, E.R. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author)
Quantifying drivers’ perceived risk is important in the design and evaluation of the behaviour of automated vehicles (AVs) and in predicting takeovers by the driver. A ‘Driver's Risk Field’ (DRF) function has been previously shown to be able to predict manual driving behaviour in several simulated scenarios. In this paper, we tested if the...
journal article 2021
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Kooijman, L. (author), Dodou, D. (author), Jansen, S. T. (author), Themans, T. S. (author), Russell, J. N.M. (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author), Doorman, J. R.C. (author), Hablé, J. H. (author), Neubert, D. S. (author), Vos, M. J.C. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
Much psychological research uses pupil diameter measurements to investigate the cognitive and emotional effects of visual stimuli. A potential problem is that accommodating at a nearby point causes the pupil to constrict. This study examined to what extent accommodation is a confounder in pupillometry research. Participants solved...
journal article 2021
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de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author), Kooijman, L. (author), Dodou, D. (author)
Several papers by Eckhard Hess from the 1960s and 1970s report that the pupils dilate or constrict according to the interest value, arousing content, or mental demands of visual stimuli. However, Hess mostly used small sample sizes and undocumented luminance control. In a first experiment (N = 182) and a second preregistered experiment (N =...
journal article 2021
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Roozendaal, Jeroen (author), Johansson, Emma (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author)
Objective: This study aims to compare the effectiveness and subjective acceptance of three designs for haptic lane-keeping assistance in truck driving. Background: Haptic lane-keeping assistance provides steering torques toward a reference trajectory, either continuously or only when exceeding a bandwidth. These approaches have been...
journal article 2020
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Eriksson, Alexander (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author), Zimmermann, Markus (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Bengler, Klaus J. (author), Stanton, Neville A. (author)
This paper assessed four types of human–machine interfaces (HMIs), classified according to the stages of automation proposed by Parasuraman et al. [“A model for types and levels of human interaction with automation,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man, Cybern. A, Syst. Humans, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 286–297, May 2000]. We hypothesized that drivers would...
journal article 2019
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Vreugdenhil, Wilco (author), Barendswaard, S. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), Borst, C. (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author)
For automated vehicles (SAE Level 2-3) part of the challenge lies in communicating to the driver what control actions the automation is taking and will take, and what its capabilities are. A promising approach is haptic shared control (HSC), which uses continuous torques on the steering wheel to communicate the automation’s current control...
journal article 2019
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Zwaan, Hugo (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author)
Traditional driver-automation interaction trades control over the vehicle back and forth between driver and automation. Haptic shared control offers an alternative by continuously sharing the control through torques on the steering wheel and pedals. When designing additional feedback torques, part of the design choice lies in the stiffness...
journal article 2019
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Oudshoorn, Sjors (author), Kolekar, S.B. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author)
Current haptic control systems provide feedback torques based on a lateral deviation with respect to a reference trajectory (i.e., centre of the lane), which do not capture the satisficing behaviour human beings typically adopt during a lane keeping task. As such, a novel time-to-lane-crossing-based controller is proposed, which is expected to...
conference paper 2018
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Bazilinskyy, P. (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author), Petrovych, V. (author), Dodou, D. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
An important research question in the domain of highly automated driving is how to aid drivers in transitions between manual and automated control. Until highly automated cars are available, knowledge on this topic has to be obtained via simulators and self-report questionnaires. Using crowdsourcing, we surveyed 1692 people on auditory,...
journal article 2018
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Bazilinskyy, P. (author), Eriksson, A. (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
This paper summarizes our results from survey research and driving simulator experiments on auditory, vibrotactile, and visual take-over requests in highly automated driving. Our review shows that vibrotactile takeover requests in the driver’s seat yielded relatively high ratings of self-reported usefulness and satisfaction. Auditory take-over...
conference paper 2017
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Petermeijer, S.M. (author), Cieler, S. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
Vibrotactile stimuli can be effective as warning signals, but their effectiveness as directional take-over requests in automated driving is yet unknown. This study aimed to investigate the correct response rate, reaction times, and eye and head orientation for static versus dynamic directional take-over requests presented via vibrating motors...
journal article 2017
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Petermeijer, S.M. (author), Doubek, Fabian (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
Conditionally automated driving systems may soon be available on the market. Even though these systems exempt drivers from the driving task for extended periods of time, drivers are expected to take back control when the automation issues a so-called take-over request. This study investigated the interaction between take-over request modality...
conference paper 2017
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Petermeijer, S.M. (author), Hornberger, Paul (author), Ganotis, Ioannis (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Bengler, Klaus J. (author)
The driver of a conditionally automated car is not required to permanently monitor the outside environment, but needs to take over control whenever the automation issues a “request to intervene” (i.e., take-over request). If the driver misses the take-over request or does not respond in a timely and correct manner, a take-over could result in...
conference paper 2017
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Petermeijer, S.M. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Bengler, K.J. (author)
The task of car driving is automated to an ever greater extent. In the foreseeable future, drivers will no longer be required to touch the steering wheel and pedals and could engage in non-driving tasks such as working or resting. Vibrotactile displays have the potential to grab the attention of the driver when the automation reaches its...
journal article 2016
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Bazilinskyy, P. (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
Highly automated driving can potentially provide enormous benefits to society. However, it is unclear what types of interfaces should be used for takeover requests during highly automated driving, in which a driver is asked to switch back to manual driving. In this paper, a proposal for a driving simulator study on the use of six auditory...
conference paper 2015
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