Searched for: author%3A%22Santoni+De+Sio%2C+F.%22
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Fossa, F.F. (author)
The present chapter analyses the complex ways in which driving automation affects human autonomy with the aim of raising awareness on the design and policy challenges that must be faced to effectively align future transportation systems to this ethical value. Building on the European report Ethics of Connected and Automated Vehicles, we consider...
book chapter 2023
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Mecacci, Giulio (author), Calvert, S.C. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author)
The urban traffic environment is characterized by the presence of a highly differentiated pool of users, including vulnerable ones. This makes vehicle automation particularly difficult to implement, as a safe coordination among those users is hard to achieve in such an open scenario. Different strategies have been proposed to address these...
journal article 2023
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Papadimitriou, E. (author), Farah, H. (author), van de Kaa, G. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Hagenzieker, Marjan (author), van Gelder, P.H.A.J.M. (author)
Automated vehicles (AVs) aim to dramatically improve traffic safety by reducing or eliminating human error, which remains the leading cause of road crashes. However, commonly accepted standards for the ‘safe driving behaviour of machines’ are pending and urgently needed. Unless a common understanding of safety as a design value is achieved,...
journal article 2022
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Mecacci, G. (author), Calvert, S.C. (author), Heikoop, D.D. (author), Hagenzieker, Marjan (author), van Arem, B. (author)
The paper presents a framework to realise “meaningful human control” over Automated Driving Systems. The framework is based on an original synthesis of the results of the multidisciplinary research project “Meaningful Human Control over Automated Driving Systems” lead by a team of engineers, philosophers, and psychologists at Delft University of...
journal article 2022
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author)
In this article the title and running title were incorrectly given as ‘Marc Coeckelbergh, AI Ethics, Mit Press, 2021’ but should have been ’Mark Coeckelbergh, AI Ethics, Mit Press, 2021’. The original article has been corrected.
journal article 2021
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author)
review 2021
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author)
The paper has two goals. The first is presenting the main results of the recent report Ethics of Connected and Automated Vehicles: recommendations on road safety, privacy, fairness, explainability and responsibility written by the Horizon 2020 European Commission Expert Group to advise on specific ethical issues raised by driverless mobility,...
journal article 2021
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Mecacci, Giulio (author)
The notion of “responsibility gap” with artificial intelligence (AI) was originally introduced in the philosophical debate to indicate the concern that “learning automata” may make more difficult or impossible to attribute moral culpability to persons for untoward events. Building on literature in moral and legal philosophy, and ethics of...
journal article 2021
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Verdiesen, E.P. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Dignum, M.V. (author)
Accountability and responsibility are key concepts in the academic and societal debate on Autonomous Weapon Systems, but these notions are often used as high-level overarching constructs and are not operationalised to be useful in practice. “Meaningful Human Control” is often mentioned as a requirement for the deployment of Autonomous Weapon...
journal article 2020
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Calvert, S.C. (author), Mecacci, G. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Heikoop, D.D. (author), Hagenzieker, Marjan (author)
Increased on-road testing and market availability of partially automated vehicles (AV) offers researchers and developers the opportunity to evaluate the AV’s performance. The occurrence of new types of accidents involving AV’s has sparked questions in regard to who is actually in control over and responsible for AV control. In this contribution,...
review 2020
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Mecacci, G. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author)
In this paper, in line with the general framework of value-sensitive design, we aim to operationalize the general concept of “Meaningful Human Control” (MHC) in order to pave the way for its translation into more specific design requirements. In particular, we focus on the operationalization of the first of the two conditions (Santoni de Sio...
journal article 2019
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Heikoop, D.D. (author), Hagenzieker, Marjan (author), Mecacci, G. (author), Calvert, S.C. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Automated driving systems (ADS) with partial automation are currently available for the consumer. They are potentially beneficial to traffic flow, fuel consumption, and safety, but human behaviour whilst driving with ADS is poorly understood. Human behaviour is currently expected to lead to dangerous circumstances as ADS could place human...
journal article 2019
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Verdiesen, E.P. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Dignum, M.V. (author)
In the political debate on Autonomous Weapon Systems strong views and opinions are voiced, but empirical research to support these opinions is lacking. Insight into which moral values are related to the deployment of Autonomous Weapon Systems is missing. We describe the empirical results of two studies on moral values regarding Autonomous...
journal article 2019
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Stone, T.W. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Vermaas, P.E. (author)
This paper proposes that autonomous vehicles should be designed to reduce light pollution. In support of this specific proposal, a moral assessment of autonomous vehicles more comprehensive than the dilemmatic life-and-death questions of trolley problem-style situations is presented. The paper therefore consists of two interre-lated arguments....
journal article 2019
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Heikoop, D.D. (author), Hagenzieker, Marjan (author), Mecacci, G. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Calvert, S.C. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Human Factors issues with automated driving systems (ADS) are becoming more apparent with the increasing prevalence of automated vehicles on the public roads. As automated driving demands increased performance of supervisory skills of the driver, rather than vehicle handling skills, a mismatch occurs between the demand and supply of the drivers’...
conference paper 2018
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Heikoop, D.D. (author), Hagenzieker, Marjan (author), Mecacci, G. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Calvert, S.C. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
poster 2018
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Debates on lethal autonomous weapon systems have proliferated in the past 5 years. Ethical concerns have been voiced about a possible raise in the number of wrongs and crimes in military operations and about the creation of a “responsibility gap” for harms caused by these systems. To address these concerns, the principle of “meaningful human...
journal article 2018
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Bruynseels, K.R.C. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Personalized medicine uses fine grained information on individual persons, to pinpoint deviations from the normal. ‘Digital Twins’ in engineering provide a conceptual framework to analyze these emerging data-driven health care practices, as well as their conceptual and ethical implications for therapy, preventative care and human enhancement....
journal article 2018
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Calvert, S.C. (author), Mecacci, G. (author), Heikoop, D.D. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author)
Truck platooning is a form of vehicle automation and cooperation that is leading the way for cooperative and automated vehicle implementation. However, much is still unknown about the effects and potential dangers of many situations in regard to cooperative control of these platoons. In this contribution, we discuss many of the challenges in...
conference paper 2018
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author)
How should autonomous vehicles (aka self-driving cars) be programmed to behave in the event of an unavoidable accident in which the only choice open is one between causing different damages or losses to different objects or persons? This paper addresses this ethical question starting from the normative principles elaborated in the law to...
journal article 2017
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