Searched for: author:"de Winter, J.C.F."
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de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Eisma, Y.B. (author), Cabrall, C.D.D. (author), Hancock, P. A. (author), Stanton, Neville A. (author)
The topic of situation awareness has received continuing interest over the last decades. Freeze-probe methods, such as the Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique (SAGAT), are commonly employed for measuring situation awareness. The aim of this paper was to review validity issues of the SAGAT and examine whether eye movements are a...
journal article 2019
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Eriksson, Alexander (author), Petermeijer, S.M. (author), Zimmermann, Markus (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Bengler, Klaus J. (author), Stanton, Neville A. (author)
This paper assessed four types of human–machine interfaces (HMIs), classified according to the stages of automation proposed by Parasuraman et al. [“A model for types and levels of human interaction with automation,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man, Cybern. A, Syst. Humans, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 286–297, May 2000]. We hypothesized that drivers would...
journal article 2019
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Cabrall, C.D.D. (author), Eriksson, Alexander (author), Dreger, F.A. (author), Happee, R. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
This work aimed to organise recommendations for keeping people engaged during human supervision of driving automation, encouraging a safe and acceptable introduction of automated driving systems. First, heuristic knowledge of human factors, ergonomics, and psychological theory was used to propose solution areas to human supervisory control...
journal article 2019
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de Clercq, G.K. (author), Dietrich, Andre (author), Nuñez Velasco, J.P. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Happee, R. (author)
Objective: In this article, we investigated the effects of external human-machine interfaces (eHMIs) on pedestrians’ crossing intentions. Background: Literature suggests that the safety (i.e., not crossing when unsafe) and efficiency (i.e., crossing when safe) of pedestrians’ interactions with automated vehicles could increase if automated...
journal article 2019
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de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Dodou, D. (author), Happee, R. (author), Eisma, Y.B. (author)
Vehicles are increasingly equipped with sensors that measure the state of the vehicle and surrounding road users. Although most of these sensor data currently remain local to the vehicle, the data could be shared with the aim to improve road safety. We postulate that there is a range of scenarios regarding data sharing, with two extremes: In...
journal article 2019
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Kovacsova, N. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
Introduction: Many bicycle–car crashes are caused by the fact that the driver fails to give right of way to the cyclist. Although the car driver is to blame, the cyclist may have been able to prevent the crash by anticipating the safety-critical event and slowing-down. This study aimed to understand how accurate cyclists are in predicting a...
journal article 2019
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Nordhoff, S. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Kyriakidis, M. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Happee, R. (author)
Shuttles that operate without an onboard driver are currently being developed and tested in various projects worldwide. However, there is a paucity of knowledge on the determinants of acceptance of driverless shuttles in large cross-national samples. In the present study, we surveyed 10,000 respondents on the acceptance of driverless vehicles...
journal article 2018
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Heikoop, D.D. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Stanton, Neville A. (author)
Previous research shows that drivers of automated vehicles are likely to engage in visually demanding tasks, causing impaired situation awareness. How mental task demands affect situation awareness is less clear. In a driving simulator experiment, 33 participants completed three 40-min runs in an automated platoon, each run with a different...
journal article 2018
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Nordhoff, S. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Madigan, Ruth (author), Merat, Natasha (author), van Arem, B. (author), Happee, R. (author)
Automated shuttles are now in a prototyping phase in several research projects. However, there is still a paucity of knowledge on the acceptance of these shuttles. This paper presents the results of a questionnaire study among individuals (n = 384) who physically experienced an automated shuttle on an office campus in Berlin-Schöneberg. The...
journal article 2018
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Arkenbout, E.A. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Ali, Anas (author), Dankelman, J. (author), Breedveld, P. (author)
Iterative prototyping is costly and time-consuming. Particularly when designing medical instruments, human factors related design choices significantly impact performance and safety. A tool is presented that allows for the evaluation of steerable instrument controls before the onset of the prototyping stage. The design tool couples gestural...
journal article 2018
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Eriksson, A. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Stanton, Neville A. (author)
Driving simulators have been used since the beginning of the 1930s to assist researchers in assessing driver behaviour without putting the driver in harm’s way. The current manuscript describes the implementation of a toolbox for automated driving research on the widely used STISIM platform. The toolbox presented in this manuscript allows...
journal article 2018
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Shyrokau, B. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Stroosma, O. (author), Dijksterhuis, C. (author), Loof, Jan (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Happee, R. (author)
Steering systems of trucks consist of many linkages, which introduce nonlinearities that may negatively affect steering performance. Nowadays, it is possible to equip steering systems with actuators that provide artificial steering characteristics. However, before new steering systems are deployed in real vehicles, evaluation in a safe and...
journal article 2018
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Cabrall, C.D.D. (author), Janssen, Nico (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
Background
Automated driving is often proposed as a solution to human errors. However, fully automated driving has not yet reached the point where it can be implemented in real traffic. This study focused on adaptively allocating steering control either to the driver or to an automated pilot based on momentary driver distraction measured...
journal article 2018
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Kovacsova, N. (author), Vlakveld, W. P. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
Hazard anticipation skills are crucial for safe performance in traffic. Most hazard anticipation training programs have been developed for car drivers [1]. Traffic situations used in these programs may not be appropriate for cyclists because cyclists are subjected to specific types of hazards. In line with research evidence that hazard...
abstract 2018
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Rodríguez Palmeiro, A. (author), Van der Kint, S. (author), Vissers, Luuk (author), Farah, H. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
Automated vehicles (AVs) will be introduced on public roads in the future, meaning that traditional vehicles and AVs will be sharing the urban space. There is currently little knowledge about the interaction between pedestrians and AVs from the point of view of the pedestrian in a real-life environment. Pedestrians may not know with which...
journal article 2018
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Kovacsova, N. (author), Cabrall, C.D.D. (author), Antonisse, S.J. (author), De Haan, T. (author), van Namen, R. (author), Nooren, J.L. (author), Schreurs, R. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
Research indicates that crashes between a cyclist and a car often occur even when the cyclist must have seen the approaching car, suggesting the importance of hazard anticipation skills. This study aimed to analyze cyclists’ eye movements and crossing judgments while approaching an intersection at different speeds. Thirty-six participants...
journal article 2018
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Bazilinskyy, P. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
Objective: This study was designed to replicate past research concerning reaction times to audiovisual stimuli with different stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) using a large sample of crowdsourcing respondents. Background: Research has shown that reaction times are fastest when an auditory and a visual stimulus are presented simultaneously and...
journal article 2018
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Melman, T. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Boer, E.R. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
We conceptually replicated three highly cited experiments on speed adaptation, by measuring drivers’ experienced risk (galvanic skin response; GSR), experienced task difficulty (self-reported task effort; SRTE), and safety margins (time-to-line-crossing; TLC) in a single experiment. The three measures were compared using a nonparametric index...
journal article 2018
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Bazilinskyy, P. (author), Stapel, J.C.J. (author), de Koning, C.L.A. (author), Lingmont, H. (author), de Lint, T.S. (author), van der Sijs, T.C. (author), van den Ouden, F.C. (author), Anema, F. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
Auditory feedback produced by driver assistance systems can benefit safety. However, auditory feedback is often regarded as annoying, which may result in disuse of the system. An auditory headway feedback system was designed with the aim to improve user acceptance and driving safety. The algorithm used a graded approach, which means that it...
conference paper 2018
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van Leeuwen, P.M. (author), de Groot, S. (author), Happee, R. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
Motorsport has developed into a professional international competition. However, limited research is available on the perceptual and cognitive skills of racing drivers. By means of a racing simulator, we compared the driving performance of seven racing drivers with ten non-racing drivers. Participants were tasked to drive the fastest possible...
journal article 2017
Searched for: author:"de Winter, J.C.F."
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