Searched for: author%3A%22van+Veldhoven%2C+Robert%22
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Eland, E.N. (author), Mehrotra, Shubham (author), Karmakar, S. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
Zoom ADCs combine a coarse SAR ADC with a fine delta-sigma modulator (?SM) to efficiently obtain high energy efficiency and high dynamic range. This makes them well suited for use in various instrumentation and audio applications. However, zoom ADCs also have drawbacks. The use of over-ranging in their fine modulators may limit SNDR, large...
book chapter 2023
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Mehrotra, Shubham (author), Eland, Efraim (author), Karmakar, S. (author), Liu, Angqi (author), Gonen, B. (author), Bolatkale, M. (author), Van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a continuous-Time zoom ADC for audio applications. It combines a 4-bit noise-shaping coarse SAR ADC and a fine delta-sigma modulator with a tail-resistor linearized OTA for improved linearity, energy efficiency, and handling of out-of-band interferers compared to previous designs. In 160 nm CMOS, the prototype chip...
conference paper 2022
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Eland, E.N. (author), Karmakar, S. (author), Gonen, B. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article describes a discrete-time zoom analog-to-digital converter (ADC) intended for audio applications. It uses a coarse 5-bit SAR ADC in tandem with a fine third-order delta-sigma modulator (ΔΣM) to efficiently obtain a high dynamic range. To minimize its over-sampling ratio (OSR) and, thus, its digital power consumption, the...
journal article 2021
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Karmakar, S. (author), Zhang, H. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Breems, Lucien J. (author), Berkhout, M. (author), Fan, Q. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article presents a 28-W class-D amplifier for automotive applications. The combination of a high switching frequency and a hybrid multibit Δ Σ M-PWM scheme results in high linearity over a wide range of output power, as well as low AM-band EMI. As a result, only a small (150-kHz cutoff frequency), and thus low-cost, LC filter is needed...
journal article 2020
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Karmakar, S. (author), Zhang, H. (author), Van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Breems, Lucien (author), Berkhout, M. (author), Fan, Q. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
Class-D amplifiers are often used in high-power audio applications due to their high power efficiency. They typically employ pulse-width modulation (PWM) at a fixed carrier frequency, which may cause electromagnetic interference (EMI). Setting this frequency f<sub>PWM</sub>) below the AM band (535 to 1605kHz) helps mitigate this, but its...
conference paper 2020
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Gonen, B. (author), Karmakar, S. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article presents a continuous-Time zoom analog to digital converter (ADC) for audio applications. It employs a high-speed asynchronous SAR ADC that dynamically updates the references of a continuous-Time delta-sigma modulator (CTDSM). Compared to previous switched-capacitor (SC) zoom ADCs, its input impedance is essentially resistive,...
journal article 2020
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Cai, Z. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Suy, Hilco (author), de Graaf, G. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Pertijs, M.A.P. (author)
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book chapter 2019
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Cai, Z. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Suy, Hilco (author), de Graaf, G. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Pertijs, M.A.P. (author)
The measurement of carbon-dioxide (CO2) concentration is very important in home and building automation, e.g. to control ventilation in energy-efficient buildings. This application requires compact, low-cost sensors that can measure CO<sub>2</sub> concentration with a resolution of &lt;200 ppm over a 2500ppm range. Conventional optical (NDIR...
conference paper 2018
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Cai, Z. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Suy, Hilco (author), de Graaf, G. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Pertijs, M.A.P. (author)
This paper presents a readout circuit for a carbon dioxide (CO&amp;#2082;) sensor that measures the CO&amp;#x2082;-dependent thermal time constant of a hot-wire transducer. The readout circuit periodically heats up the transducer and uses a phase-domain &amp;#x0394; &amp;#x03A3; modulator to digitize the phase shift of the resulting...
journal article 2018
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Karmakar, S. (author), Gonen, B. (author), Sebastiano, F. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a dynamic zoom analog-to-digital converter for use in low-bandwidth (&amp;lt;1 kHz) instrumentation applications. It employs a high-speed asynchronous successive approximation register (SAR) ADC that dynamically updates the references of a fully differential &amp;#x0394; &amp;#x03A3; ADC. Compared to previous zoom ADCs,...
journal article 2018
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Karmakar, S. (author), Gonen, B. (author), Sebastiano, F. (author), Van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
Micro-power ADCs with high linearity and dynamic range (DR) are required in several applications, such as smart sensors, biomedical imaging, and portable instrumentation. Since the signals of interest are then often small (tens of μν) and slow (&lt;1kHz BW), such ADCs should also exhibit low offset and flicker noise. Noise-shaping SAR [1] and...
conference paper 2018
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Gonen, B. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Sebastiano, F. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a dynamic zoom ADC for audio applications. It achieves 109-dB DR, 106-dB SNR, and 103-dB SNDR in a 20-kHz bandwidth, while dissipating 1.12 mW and occupying only 0.16 mm2 in 0.16-μm CMOS. This translates to state-of-the-art energy and area efficiency. In this paper, the system- and circuit-level design of the ADC will be...
book chapter 2018
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Cai, Z. (author), Rueda Guerrero, Luis E. (author), Louwerse, Alexander Mattheus Robert (author), Suy, Hilco (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Pertijs, M.A.P. (author)
This paper reports a readout circuit capable of accurately measuring not only the resistance of a resistive transducer, but also the power dissipated in it, which is a critical parameter in thermal flow sensors or thermal-conductivity sensors. A front-end circuit, integrated in a standard CMOS technology, sets the voltage drop across the...
journal article 2017
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Gonen, B. (author), Sebastiano, F. (author), Quan, Rui (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents the first dynamic zoom ADC. Intended for audio applications, it achieves 109-dB DR, 106-dB signal-to-noise ratio, and 103-dB SNDR in a 20-kHz bandwidth, while dissipating only 1.12 mW. This translates into the state-of-the-art energy efficiency as expressed by a Schreier FoM of 181.5 dB. It also achieves the state-of-the...
journal article 2017
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Cai, Z. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert H.M. (author), Falepin, A. (author), Suy, H. (author), Sterckx, E. (author), Bitterlich, C. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Pertijs, M.A.P. (author)
This paper reports a readout circuit for a resistive CO2 sensor, which operates by measuring the CO2-dependent thermal conductivity of air. A suspended hot-wire transducer, which acts both as a resistive heater and temperature sensor, exhibits a CO2-dependent heat loss to the surrounding air, allowing CO2 concentration to be derived from its...
journal article 2016
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