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Ridderbos, Joost (author), Brauns, Matthias (author), Li, Ang (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Brinkman, Alexander (author), Van Der Wiel, Wilfred G. (author), Zwanenburg, Floris A. (author)
We present a Josephson junction based on a Ge-Si core-shell nanowire with transparent superconducting Al contacts, a building block which could be of considerable interest for investigating Majorana bound states, superconducting qubits, and Andreev (spin) qubits. We demonstrate the dc Josephson effect in the form of a finite supercurrent...
journal article 2019
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Lee, Joon Sue (author), Koelling, Sebastian (author), Verheijen, Marcel A. (author), Petkovic, Ivana (author), Schaller, V. (author), Marcus, Charles M. (author), Krogstrup, Peter (author), Kouwenhoven, Leo P. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), More Authors (author)
We report on the selective-area chemical beam epitaxial growth of InAs in-plane, one-dimensional (1D) channels using patterned SiO2-coated InP(001), InP(111)B, and InP(011) substrates to establish a scalable platform for topological superconductor networks. Top-view scanning electron micrographs show excellent surface selectivity and...
journal article 2019
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Bommer, J.D.S. (author), Zhang, Hao (author), Gül, Önder (author), Nijholt, B. (author), Wimmer, M.T. (author), Rybakov, Filipp N. (author), Garaud, Julien (author), Car, Diana (author), Plissard, Sebastien R. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Kouwenhoven, Leo P. (author)
Spin-orbit interaction (SOI) plays a key role in creating Majorana zero modes in semiconductor nanowires proximity coupled to a superconductor. We track the evolution of the induced superconducting gap in InSb nanowires coupled to a NbTiN superconductor in a large range of magnetic field strengths and orientations. Based on realistic...
journal article 2019
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Kroll, J.G. (author), Borsoi, F. (author), Uilhoorn, W. (author), de Jong, D. (author), Quintero Perez, M. (author), van Woerkom, D.J. (author), Bruno, A. (author), Plissard, S. R. (author), Car, D (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Cassidy, M.C. (author), Kouwenhoven, Leo P. (author)
Superconducting coplanar-waveguide resonators that can operate in strong magnetic fields are important tools for a variety of high-frequency superconducting devices. Magnetic fields degrade resonator performance by creating Abrikosov vortices that cause resistive losses and frequency fluctuations or suppress the superconductivity entirely. To...
journal article 2019
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Cavalli, A (author), Haverkort, JEM (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author)
Nanowires are ideal building blocks for next-generation solar cell applications. Nanowires grown with the selective area (SA) approach, in particular, have demonstrated very high material quality, thanks to high growth temperature, defect-free crystalline structure, and absence of external catalysts, especially in the InP material system. A...
journal article 2019
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Froning, F. N.M. (author), Rehmann, M. K. (author), Ridderbos, J. (author), Brauns, M. (author), Zwanenburg, F. A. (author), Li, A. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Zumbühl, D. M. (author), Braakman, F. R. (author)
We report highly tunable control of holes in Ge/Si core/shell nanowires. We demonstrate the ability to create single quantum dots of various sizes, with low hole occupation numbers and clearly observable excited states. For the smallest dot size, we observe indications of single-hole occupation. Moreover, we create double and triple tunnel...
journal article 2018
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Zhang, H. (author), Liu, Chun Xiao (author), Gazibegovic, S. (author), Xu, D. (author), Logan, John A. (author), Wang, G. (author), van Loo, N. (author), Bommer, J.D.S. (author), de Moor, M.W.A. (author), Car, D. (author), op het Veld, R.L.M. (author), Van Veldhoven, Petrus J. (author), Kölling, S. (author), Verheijen, M.P.A.M. (author), Pendharkar, Mihir (author), Pennachio, Daniel J. (author), Shojaei, Borzoyeh (author), Lee, Joon Sue (author), Palmstrøm, Chris J. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Sarma, S. Das (author), Kouwenhoven, L.P. (author)
Majorana zero-modes - a type of localized quasiparticle - hold great promise for topological quantum computing. Tunnelling spectroscopy in electrical transport is the primary tool for identifying the presence of Majorana zero-modes, for instance as a zero-bias peak in differential conductance. The height of the Majorana zero-bias peak is...
journal article 2018
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Gagliano, L. (author), Kruijsse, M. (author), Schefold, J. D.D. (author), Belabbes, A. (author), Verheijen, M.P.A.M. (author), Meuret, S. (author), Kölling, S. (author), Polman, A. (author), Bechstedt, F. (author), Haverkort, J. E.M. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author)
Direct band gap III-V semiconductors, emitting efficiently in the amber-green region of the visible spectrum, are still missing, causing loss in efficiency in light emitting diodes operating in this region, a phenomenon known as the "green gap". Novel geometries and crystal symmetries however show strong promise in overcoming this limit. Here...
journal article 2018
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de Moor, M.W.A. (author), Bommer, J.D.S. (author), Xu, D. (author), Winkler, Georg W. (author), Antipov, Andrey E. (author), Bargerbos, A. (author), Wang, G. (author), van Loo, N. (author), op het Veld, R.L.M. (author), Gazibegovic, S. (author), Car, D. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Kouwenhoven, L.P. (author), Zhang, H. (author)
We study the effect of external electric fields on superconductor-semiconductor coupling by measuring the electron transport in InSb semiconductor nanowires coupled to an epitaxially grown Al superconductor. We find that the gate voltage induced electric fields can greatly modify the coupling strength, which has consequences for the proximity...
journal article 2018
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Oener, Sebastian Z. (author), Cavalli, A. (author), Sun, Hongyu (author), Haverkort, Jos E.M. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Garnett, Erik C. (author)
Charge carrier-selective contacts transform a light-absorbing semiconductor into a photovoltaic device. Current record efficiency solar cells nearly all use advanced heterojunction contacts that simultaneously provide carrier selectivity and contact passivation. One remaining challenge with heterojunction contacts is the tradeoff between...
journal article 2018
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Lutchyn, R. M. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Kouwenhoven, L.P. (author), Krogstrup, P. (author), Marcus, C.M. (author), Oreg, Y. (author)
Realizing topological superconductivity and Majorana zero modes in the laboratory is a major goal in condensed-matter physics. In this Review, we survey the current status of this rapidly developing field, focusing on proposals for the realization of topological superconductivity in semiconductor–superconductor heterostructures. We examine...
journal article 2018
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Shen, J. (author), Heedt, S. (author), Borsoi, F. (author), van Heck, B. (author), Gazibegovic, S. (author), op het Veld, R.L.M. (author), Car, D. (author), Ramakers, S.J.J. (author), Wang, G. (author), Xu, D. (author), Bouman, D. (author), Geresdi, A. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Kouwenhoven, L.P. (author)
The number of electrons in small metallic or semiconducting islands is quantised. When tunnelling is enabled via opaque barriers this number can change by an integer. In superconductors the addition is in units of two electron charges (2e), reflecting that the Cooper pair condensate must have an even parity. This ground state (GS) is...
journal article 2018
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de Vries, F.K. (author), Shen, J. (author), Skolasinski, R.J. (author), Nowak, M.P. (author), Varjas, D. (author), Wang, L. (author), Wimmer, M.T. (author), Zwanenburg, F.A. (author), Li, A. (author), Kölling, S. (author), Verheijen, M.P.A.M. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Kouwenhoven, L.P. (author)
Low dimensional semiconducting structures with strong spin-orbit interaction (SOI) and induced superconductivity attracted great interest in the search for topological superconductors. Both the strong SOI and hard superconducting gap are directly related to the topological protection of the predicted Majorana bound states. Here we explore the...
journal article 2018
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Su, Zhaoen (author), Tacla, Alexandre B. (author), Hocevar, Moïra (author), Car, Diana (author), Plissard, Sébastien R. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Daley, Andrew J. (author), Pekker, David (author), Frolov, Sergey M. (author)
Chains of quantum dots coupled to superconductors are promising for the realization of the Kitaev model of a topological superconductor. While individual superconducting quantum dots have been explored, control of longer chains requires understanding of interdot coupling. Here, double quantum dots are defined by gate voltages in indium...
journal article 2017
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Fadaly, E.M.T. (author), Zhang, H. (author), Conesa Boj, S.C. (author), Car, D. (author), Gül, Ö (author), Plissard, Sébastien R. (author), op het Veld, R.L.M. (author), Kölling, Sebastian (author), Kouwenhoven, L.P. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author)
Majorana zero modes (MZMs) are prime candidates for robust topological quantum bits, holding a great promise for quantum computing. Semiconducting nanowires with strong spin orbit coupling offer a promising platform to harness one-dimensional electron transport for Majorana physics. Demonstrating the topological nature of MZMs relies on...
journal article 2017
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Zuo, K. (author), Mourik, V. (author), Szombati, D.B. (author), Nijholt, B. (author), van Woerkom, D.J. (author), Geresdi, A. (author), Chen, Jun (author), Ostroukh, Viacheslav P. (author), Akhmerov, A.R. (author), Plissard, S.R. (author), Car, D. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Pikulin, Dmitry I. (author), Kouwenhoven, L.P. (author), Frolov, S.M. (author)
Junctions created by coupling two superconductors via a semiconductor nanowire in the presence of high magnetic fields are the basis for the potential detection, fusion, and braiding of Majorana bound states. We study NbTiN/InSb nanowire/NbTiN Josephson junctions and find that the dependence of the critical current on the magnetic field...
journal article 2017
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Assali, S. (author), Lähnemann, J. (author), Vu, TTT (author), Jöns, K.D. (author), Gagliano, L (author), Verheijen, M. A. (author), Akopian, N. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Haverkort, J. E.M. (author)
One of the major challenges in the growth of quantum well and quantum dot heterostructures is the realization of atomically sharp interfaces. Nanowires provide a new opportunity to engineer the band structure as they facilitate the controlled switching of the crystal structure between the zinc-blende (ZB) and wurtzite (WZ) phases. Such a...
journal article 2017
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van Woerkom, D.J. (author), Proutski, A. (author), van Gulik, R.J.J. (author), Kriváchy, Tamás (author), Car, D. (author), Plissard, S.R. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Kouwenhoven, L.P. (author), Geresdi, A. (author)
We measured the Josephson radiation emitted by an InSb semiconductor nanowire junction utilizing photon-assisted quasiparticle tunneling in an ac-coupled superconducting tunnel junction. We quantify the action of the local microwave environment by evaluating the frequency dependence of the inelastic Cooper-pair tunneling of the nanowire...
journal article 2017
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Kammhuber, J. (author), Cassidy, M.C. (author), Pei, F. (author), Nowak, M.P. (author), Vuik, A. (author), Gül, Ö (author), Car, D. (author), Plissard, S.R. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Wimmer, M.T. (author), Kouwenhoven, L.P. (author)
The motion of an electron and its spin are generally not coupled. However in a one-dimensional material with strong spin-orbit interaction (SOI) a helical state may emerge at finite magnetic fields, where electrons of opposite spin will have opposite momentum. The existence of this helical state has applications for spin filtering and cooper...
journal article 2017
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Zhang, H. (author), Gül, Ö (author), Conesa Boj, S.C. (author), Nowak, M.P. (author), Wimmer, M.T. (author), Zuo, K. (author), Mourik, Vincent (author), de Vries, F.K. (author), van Veen, J. (author), de Moor, M.W.A. (author), Bommer, J.D.S. (author), van Woerkom, D.J. (author), Car, Diana (author), Plissard, S.R. (author), Bakkers, E.P.A.M. (author), Quintero Perez, M. (author), Cassidy, M.C. (author), Koelling, Sebastian (author), Goswami, S. (author), Watanabe, Kenji (author), Taniguchi, Takashi (author), Kouwenhoven, L.P. (author)
Semiconductor nanowires have opened new research avenues in quantum transport owing to their confined geometry and electrostatic tunability. They have offered an exceptional testbed for superconductivity, leading to the realization of hybrid systems combining the macroscopic quantum properties of superconductors with the possibility to...
journal article 2017
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