Searched for: collection%3Air
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Diaz Cortes, G.B. (author), Vuik, C. (author), Jansen, J.D. (author)
We study fast and robust iterative solvers for large systems of linear equations resulting from simulation of flow trough strongly heterogeneous porous media. We propose the use of preconditioning and deflation techniques, based on information obtained frfrom the system, to reduce the time spent in the solution of the linear system.An important...
journal article 2018
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Ho Huu, V. (author), Hartjes, S. (author), Visser, H.G. (author), Curran, Ricky (author)

The multi-objective evolutionary algorithm based on decomposition (MOEA/D) has been recognized as a promising method for solving multi-objective optimization problems (MOPs), receiving a lot of attention from researchers in recent years. However, its performance in handling MOPs with complicated Pareto fronts (PFs) is still limited,...

journal article 2018
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Morales Espana, G. (author), Lorca, Álvaro (author), de Weerdt, M.M. (author)

The increasing penetration of uncertain generation such as wind and solar in power systems imposes new challenges to the unit commitment (UC) problem, one of the most critical tasks in power systems operations. The two most common approaches to address these challenges — stochastic and robust optimization — have drawbacks that restrict their...

journal article 2018
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de Jonge, C.J. (author), Kraaikamp, C. (author)

By means of singularisations and insertions in Nakada's α-expansions, which involves the removal of partial quotients 1 while introducing partial quotients with a minus sign, the natural extension of Nakada's continued fraction map Tα is given for (10-2)/3≤α<1. From our construction it follows that Ωα, the domain of the natural extension...

journal article 2018
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Vanham, D. (author), Hoekstra, A (author), Wada, Y (author), Bouraoui, F. (author), de Roo, A. (author), Mekonnen, M. M. (author), van de Bund, W. J. (author), Batelaan, O. (author), Pavelic, P. (author), Bastiaanssen, W.G.M. (author), Kummu, M (author), Rockström, J. (author), Liu, J. (author), Bisselink, B. (author), Ronco, P. (author), Pistocchi, A. (author), Bidoglio, G. (author)

Target 6.4 of the recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) deals with the reduction of water scarcity. To monitor progress towards this target, two indicators are used: Indicator 6.4.1 measuring water use efficiency and 6.4.2 measuring the level of water stress (WS). This paper aims to identify whether the currently proposed...

review 2018
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Salimi, Negin (author), Rezaei, J. (author)

Since research and development (R&D) is the most critical determinant of the productivity, growth and competitive advantage of firms, measuring R&D performance has become the core of attention of R&D managers, and an extensive body of literature has examined and identified different R&D measurements and determinants of R&D...

journal article 2018
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Limberger, Jon (author), Boxem, Thijs (author), Pluymaekers, Maarten (author), Bruhn, D.F. (author), Manzella, Adele (author), Calcagno, Philippe (author), Beekman, Fred (author), Cloetingh, S.A.P.L. (author), van Wees, Jan Diederik (author)

In this paper we present results of a global resource assessment for geothermal energy within deep aquifers for direct heat utilization. Greenhouse heating, spatial heating, and spatial cooling are considered in this assessment. We derive subsurface temperatures from geophysical data and apply a volumetric heat-in-place method to improve...

review 2018
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Viegas Ochoa de Carvalho, Pedro (author), Fernandez Villegas, I. (author), Groves, R.M. (author), Benedictus, R. (author)

One of the advantages of thermoplastic composites relative to their thermoset counterparts is the possibility of assembling components through welding. Ultrasonic welding in particular is very promising for industrialization. However, uncertainty in the fatigue and fracture behaviour of composites is still an obstacle to the full utilisation...

journal article 2018
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Bisschop, F. (author)
The safety level of a dike is expressed in terms of risk. Risk is defined as the product of the probability of inundation of a polder (after failure of a dike) and the expected damage (casualties, economic damage and damage to the infrastructure) caused by inundation. The rate of inundation determines the amount of casualties and depends heavily...
doctoral thesis 2018
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Märtens, M. (author)
This thesis is a contribution to a deeper understanding of how information propagates and what this process entails. At its very core is the concept of the network: a collection of nodes and links, which describes the structure of the systems under investigation. The network is a mathematical model which allows to focus on a very fundamental...
doctoral thesis 2018
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Hennink, A. (author), Lathouwers, D. (author)

We present a new discretization of the mono-energetic Fokker–Planck equation. We build on previous work (Kópházi and Lathouwers, 2015) where we devised an angular discretization for the Boltzmann equation, allowing for both heterogeneous and anisotropic angular refinement. The angular discretization is based on a discontinuous finite element...

journal article 2018
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Bloemendal, J.M. (author), Hartog, Niels (author)
Aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) is a technology with worldwide potential to provide sustainable space heating and cooling using groundwater stored at different temperatures. The thermal recovery efficiency is one of the main parameters that determines the overall energy savings of ATES systems and is affected by storage specifics and site...
journal article 2018
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Wardenier, J. (author), de Vries, P.A. (author), Timmerman, Gerrit (author)

This paper deals with the evaluation of fatigue cracks under a concentrated compression (wheel) load in an I-section with full penetration welds between the web and flange. The objective is to investigate whether cracks stop or nearly stop when they have grown through the residual tensile stress field. These experimental investigations are...

journal article 2018
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Haringa, C. (author), Tang, W. (author), Wang, G. (author), Deshmukh, A.T. (author), van Winden, Wouter A. (author), Chu, Ju (author), van Gulik, W.M. (author), Heijnen, J.J. (author), Mudde, R.F. (author), Noorman, H.J. (author)

We assess the effect of substrate heterogeneity on the metabolic response of P. chrysogenum in industrial bioreactors via the coupling of a 9-pool metabolic model with Euler-Lagrange CFD simulations. In this work, we outline how this coupled hydrodynamic-metabolic modeling can be utilized in 5 steps. (1) A model response study with a fixed...

journal article 2018
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Rodrigo Mor, A. R. (author), Castro Heredia, L.C. (author), Muñoz Muñoz, F.A. (author)

Partial discharge (PD) measurements are an effective tool for insulation assessment of high-voltage (HV) equipment widely used in both HV laboratories and in field tests. This paper presents the design of a test platform for electrical detection of partial discharges that contribute to the understanding of the phenomena. The test set-up...

journal article 2018
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Wang, Y. (author), Makkee, M. (author)

Oxygen defects in reduced ceria are the catalytic sites for the NO reduction into N2 in the Toyota Di-Air DeNOx abatement technology. Traces of NO (several hundred ppm) have to compete with the excess amount of other oxidants, e.g., 5% CO2 and 5% O2, in an exhaust gas of a lean burn (diesel) engine....

journal article 2018
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Khakzad Rostami, N. (author), Landucci, Gabriele (author), Cozzani, Valerio (author), Reniers, G.L.L.M.E. (author), Pasman, HJ (author)
The propagation of fire-induced domino effects in chemical plants largely depends on the primary fire scenario, on separation distances between the units, and on the presence of fire protection barriers. Passive and active safety barriers are widely employed to prevent or delay the initiation or propagation of domino effects. In the present...
journal article 2018
document
Wattez, Y.C.M. (author), Tenpierik, M.J. (author), Nijs, L. (author)
Over the last few years, reverberation times and sound pressure levels have been measured in many sports halls. Most of these halls, for instance those made from stony materials, perform as predicted. However, sports halls constructed with profiled perforated steel roof panels have an unexpected very low reverberation time in the 125 and 250 Hz...
journal article 2018
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Ma, Y. (author), Mashal, AA (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
To improve the understanding of dynamic impact in 1:9 crossing panel, which is suffering from rapid surface degradation, detailed modelling and experimental studies are performed. A three-dimensional explicit finite element (FE) model of a wheel rolling over a crossing rail, that has an adaptive mesh refinement procedure coupled with two...
journal article 2018
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Yuan, S. (author), De Schutter, B.H.K. (author), Baldi, S. (author)
In this paper, robust adaptive tracking control schemes for uncertain switched linear systems subject to disturbances are investigated. The robust adaptive control problem requires the design of both adaptive and switching laws. A novel adaptive law is proposed based on an extended leakage approach, which does not require knowledge of the bounds...
journal article 2018
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