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Zhao, Xiujie (author), Chen, P. (author), Gaudoin, Olivier (author), Doyen, Laurent (author)
This study proposes a framework to analyze accelerated degradation testing (ADT) data in the presence of inspection effects. Motivated by a real dataset from the electric industry, we study two types of effects induced by inspections. After each inspection, the system degradation level instantaneously reduces by a random value. Meanwhile, the...
journal article 2021
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Zhang, Z. (author), Duan, X. (author), Jia, Dechang (author), Zhou, Y. (author), van der Zwaag, S. (author)
MAX phases are a family of ternary carbide or nitride ceramics possessing a layered crystal structure and, due to their chemical bonds having a mixed covalent-ionic-metallic nature, have unique properties combining those of metals and ceramics. In this review, the formation mechanisms of MAX phases from elemental and compound powders are...
review 2021
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Jia, W. (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author)
Under the high requirement of ballast materials and the frequent maintenance of high-speed and heavy-haul railway, the maintenance cost and material consumption become an important problem. Several methods are used to increase the stability and service life of railway structure, also using recycled materials in ballast bed construction can be a...
journal article 2021
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Donlon, Craig J. (author), Cullen, Robert (author), Giulicchi, Luisella (author), Vuilleumier, Pierrik (author), Francis, C. Richard (author), Kuschnerus, M. (author), Simpson, William (author), Bouridah, Abderrazak (author), Caleno, Mauro (author)
Given the considerable range of applications within the European Union Copernicus system, sustained satellite altimetry missions are required to address operational, science and societal needs. This article describes the Copernicus Sentinel-6 mission that is designed to provide precision sea level, sea surface height, significant wave height,...
journal article 2021
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Chorus, C.G. (author), Liebe, Ulf (author), Meyerhoff, Jürgen (author)
contribution to periodical 2021
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Mercuur, R.A. (author)
Our routines play an important role in a wide range of social challenges such as climate change, disease outbreaks and coordinating the staff and patients of a hospital. Studying these systems via agent-based simulations (ABS) enables researchers to gain insight into complex aspects of these challenges such as human interaction, learning,...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Chang, X. (author)
In reality, the interaction between surface wave-current flow and numerous kinds of man-made maritime structures is local but embedded in a domain with the size of a sea. Detailed simulations of the vast domain are computationally unfeasible. Therefore, articial boundaries are introduced to truncate the large domain so as to obtain a small...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Prasse, B. (author)
The field of epidemiology encompasses a broad class of spreading phenomena, ranging from the seasonal influenza and the dissemination of fake news on online social media to the spread of neural activity over a synaptic network. The propagation of viruses, fake news and neural activity relies on the contact between individuals, social media...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Engler Faleiros, D. (author)
Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) relies upon the introduction of particle tracers that scatter sufficient light and follow the flow accurately. The use of submillimetre helium-filled soap bubbles (HFSB) as flow tracers for PIV is investigated for the purpose of enabling velocity measurements in large-scale industrial wind tunnels. That soap...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Metz, I.C. (author)
Bird strike prevention in civil aviation has traditionally focused on the airport perimeter. Since the risk of especially damaging bird strikes outside the airport boundaries is rising, this PhD thesis researches the safety potential of operational bird strike prevention involving pilots and controllers. In such a concept, controllers would be...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Peris, A.F.T. (author)
Cities never function in isolation but as nodes in overarching systems characterised by flows of goods, people, and information. To fully understand the evolution of cities, a relational approach is needed, which investigates cities in relation to other cities and urban regions. While a significant part of urban system research has focused on...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Soares Rodrigues, C.I. (author)
In recent decades, there has been an increase demand for renewable sources of energy and chemicals in replacement of their fossil-based counterparts to tackle the economic, social, and environmental issues associated with the processing and use of petrochemicals by humanity. Sucrose has proven to be a suitable alternative feedstock to substitute...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Zhang, Yu (author), Dwight, R.P. (author), Schmelzer, M. (author), Gómez, Javier F. (author), Han, Zhong hua (author), Hickel, S. (author)
Multi-fidelity optimization methods promise a high-fidelity optimum at a cost only slightly greater than a low-fidelity optimization. This promise is seldom achieved in practice, due to the requirement that low- and high-fidelity models correlate well. In this article, we propose an efficient bi-fidelity shape optimization method for...
journal article 2021
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Fahd, Faisal (author), Yang, M. (author), Khan, Faisal (author), Veitch, Brian (author)
This paper investigates the linkage between the acute impacts on apex marine mammals with polar cod responses to an oil spill. It proposes a Bayesian network-based model to link these direct and indirect effects on the apex marine mammals. The model predicts a recruitment collapse (for the scenarios considered), causing a higher risk of...
journal article 2021
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Gonzalez Acosta, J.L. (author), Vardon, P.J. (author), Hicks, M.A. (author)
Mesh based methods such as the finite element method (FEM) are the most usually used techniques for analysing soil-structure interaction problems in geotechnical engineering. Nevertheless, standard FEM is unable to simulate large deformations and contact, hindering the realistic simulation of rotational, sliding, pull-out and overturning...
journal article 2021
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Guo, X. (author)
Rare earth elements (REEs) are a group of 17 metallic elements, including 15 lanthanides, scandium and yttrium, which have remarkably similar chemical and physical properties. Nowadays, rare earth metals are widely used in such fields as electronics, petroleum, and metallurgy. Rare earth elements are considered as vitamin to modern industry and...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Bruynseels, K.R.C. (author)
Innovations in biotechnology increasingly shape our societies and our planet. The stream of innovations that could be witnessed in the past few decades opens up new ways to do agriculture, to provide healthcare and to produce compounds and materials, amongst many other things. Many of these innovations rely on biological data. The ability to...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Qi, Y. (author)
The energy-saving renovation of an existing building is a critical strategy in achieving a longterm energy goal in the Chinese context. However, in China, building energy renovation projects are subjected to quality failures resulting in energy wastage, a decrease in the energy efficiency of the project, an increase in project cost, and thus...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Gilvari, H. (author)
Presently, biomass pellets play a significant role in energy transition scenarios worldwide. Due to the lack of local supplies, many countries import their pellets from countries with enormous resources. For instance, in Europe, a big share of pellets is imported from the USA, Canada, and Asian countries. Pellets are normally transferred in bulk...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Taskin, U. (author)
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer for women and in developed countries it forms one of their largest threats. Many studies have shown that early detection by screening is important for achieving a successful treatment and reducing the mortality rate. Nowadaysmammography is the gold standard for breast cancer screening. However,...
doctoral thesis 2021
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