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Mulder, I.J. (author), Jaskiewicz, T.J. (author), Morelli, Nicola (author)
Along with the urgent need to reinvent our society, a series of paradigm shifts are already shaping transitions toward a more participatory and digital society. The current work takes stock of the promise of open data as a new resource and elaborates upon the maker movement, which has spurred people’s capacity to participate and has provided...
journal article 2019
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Lourens, E. (author), Fallais, D.J.M. (author)

Kalman-type filters for coupled input-state estimation can be used to estimate the full-field dynamic response of structures from only a limited set of vibration measurements. The use of these coupled estimators allows for response prediction to be performed in the absence of any knowledge of both the dynamic evolution and spatial...

journal article 2019
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Grimaldi, G. (author), Crisp, R.W. (author), Ten Brinck, Stephanie (author), Zapata, Felipe (author), Renaud, N. (author), Kirkwood, N.R.M. (author), Evers, W.H. (author), Kinge, S.S. (author), Infante, Ivan (author), Siebbeles, L.D.A. (author), Houtepen, A.J. (author)

Thermalization losses limit the photon-to-power conversion of solar cells at the high-energy side of the solar spectrum, as electrons quickly lose their energy relaxing to the band edge. Hot-electron transfer could reduce these losses. Here, we demonstrate fast and efficient hot-electron transfer between lead selenide and cadmium selenide...

journal article 2018
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Pfister, C. (author), Rol, M.A. (author), Mantri, Atul (author), Tomamichel, Marco (author), Wehner, S.D.C. (author)

The central figure of merit for quantum memories and quantum communication devices is their capacity to store and transmit quantum information. Here, we present a protocol that estimates a lower bound on a channel's quantum capacity, even when there are arbitrarily correlated errors. One application of these protocols is to test the...

journal article 2018
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Rocha, Paulo R.F. (author), Silva, Alexandra D. (author), Godinho, Lia (author), Dane, Willem (author), Estrela, Pedro (author), Vandamme, Lode K.J. (author), Pereira-Leal, Jose B. (author), de Leeuw, D.M. (author), Leite, Ricardo B. (author)

Diatoms are photosynthetic microalgae, a group with a major environmental role on the planet due to the biogeochemical cycling of silica and global fixation of carbon. However, they can evolve into harmful blooms through a resourceful communication mechanism, not yet fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that a population of diatoms under...

journal article 2018
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Abobeih, M.H.M.A. (author), Cramer, J. (author), Kalb, N. (author), Markham, M (author), Twitchen, Daniel J. (author), Taminiau, T.H. (author)

Single electron spins coupled to multiple nuclear spins provide promising multi-qubit registers for quantum sensing and quantum networks. The obtainable level of control is determined by how well the electron spin can be selectively coupled to, and decoupled from, the surrounding nuclear spins. Here we realize a coherence time exceeding a...

journal article 2018
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Thierschmann, H.R. (author), Mulazimoglu, E. (author), Manca, N. (author), Goswami, S. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Caviglia, A. (author)

One of the hallmark experiments of quantum transport is the observation of the quantized resistance in a point contact in GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructures. Being formed with split gate technology, these structures represent in an ideal manner equilibrium reservoirs which are connected only through a few electron mode channel. It has been a long...

journal article 2018
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Lee, Kuo Ming (author), Gong, Yu Nong (author), Hsieh, Tzu Hsuan (author), Woodman, Andrew (author), Dekker, N.H. (author), Cameron, Craig E. (author), Shih, Shin Ru (author)

Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is an important nonpolio enterovirus that causes severe neurological complications. In 1998, Taiwan experienced an EV-A71 outbreak that caused 78 deaths. Since then, periodic epidemics of EV-A71 associated with newly emerging strains have occurred. Several of these strains are known to be recombinant; however, how...

journal article 2018
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Petrini, M. (author), Colleoni, Florence (author), Kirchner, Nina (author), Hughes, Anna L.C. (author), Camerlenghi, Angelo (author), Rebesco, Michele (author), Lucchi, Renata G. (author), Forte, Emanuele (author), Colucci, Renato R. (author), Noormets, Riko (author)

The Barents Sea Ice Sheet was a marine-based ice sheet, i.e., it rested on the Barents Sea floor during the Last Glacial Maximum (21 ky BP). The Bjørnøyrenna Ice Stream was the largest ice stream draining the Barents Sea Ice Sheet and is regarded as an analogue for contemporary ice streams in West Antarctica. Here, the retreat of the...

journal article 2018
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Souissi, Maaouia (author), Sluiter, M.H.F. (author), Matsunaga, Tetsuya (author), Tabuchi, Masaaki (author), Mills, Michael J. (author), Sahara, Ryoji (author)

The effect of mixed partial occupation of metal sites on the phase stability of the γ-Cr23-x Fe x C6 (x = 0-3) carbides is explored as function of composition and temperature. Ab initio calculations combined with statistical thermodynamics approaches reveal that the site occupation of the carbides may be...

journal article 2018
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Li, Mengmeng (author), Mangalore, Deepthi Kamath (author), Zhao, Jingbo (author), Carpenter, Joshua H. (author), Yan, Hongping (author), Ade, Harald (author), Müllen, Klaus (author), Blom, Paul W.M. (author), Pisula, Wojciech (author), de Leeuw, D.M. (author), Asadi, Kamal (author), Yan, He (author)

It is still a great challenge to fabricate conjugated polymer monolayer field-effect transistors (PoM-FETs) due to intricate crystallization and film formation of conjugated polymers. Here we demonstrate PoM-FETs based on a single monolayer of a conjugated polymer. The resulting PoM-FETs are highly reproducible and exhibit charge carrier...

journal article 2018
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Van De Velde, Sebastiaan (author), Mills, Benjamin J.W. (author), Meysman, F.J.R. (author), Lenton, Timothy M. (author), Poulton, Simon W. (author)

The evolution of burrowing animals forms a defining event in the history of the Earth. It has been hypothesised that the expansion of seafloor burrowing during the Palaeozoic altered the biogeochemistry of the oceans and atmosphere. However, whilst potential impacts of bioturbation on the individual phosphorus, oxygen and sulphur cycles have...

journal article 2018
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Schreiber, K. A. (author), Samkaharadze, N. (author), Gardner, G. C. (author), Lyanda-Geller, Y. (author), Manfra, Michael J. (author), Pfeiffer, L. N. (author), West, K. W. (author), Csáthy, G. A. (author)

In spite of its ubiquity in strongly correlated systems, the competition of paired and nematic ground states remains poorly understood. Recently such a competition was reported in the two-dimensional electron gas at filling factor ν = 5/2. At this filling factor a pressure-induced quantum phase transition was observed from the paired...

journal article 2018
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Horton, Benjamin P. (author), Shennan, Ian (author), Bradley, S.L. (author), Cahill, Niamh (author), Kirwan, Matthew (author), Kopp, Robert E. (author), Shaw, Timothy A. (author)

Tidal marshes rank among Earth's vulnerable ecosystems, which will retreat if future rates of relative sea-level rise (RSLR) exceed marshes' ability to accrete vertically. Here, we assess the limits to marsh vulnerability by analyzing >780 Holocene reconstructions of tidal marsh evolution in Great Britain. These reconstructions include...

journal article 2018
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Furrer, Fabian (author), Gehring, Tobias (author), Schaffner, Christian (author), Pacher, Christoph (author), Schnabel, Roman (author), Wehner, S.D.C. (author)

Cryptographic protocols are the backbone of our information society. This includes two-party protocols which offer protection against distrustful players. Such protocols can be built from a basic primitive called oblivious transfer. We present and experimentally demonstrate here a quantum protocol for oblivious transfer for optical continuous...

journal article 2018
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Lv, Shasha (author), Verhallen, T.W. (author), Vasileiadis, A. (author), Ooms, F.G.B. (author), Xu, Y. (author), Li, Z. (author), Li, Zhengcao (author), Wagemaker, M. (author)

Electrical mobility demands an increase of battery energy density beyond current lithium-ion technology. A crucial bottleneck is the development of safe and reversible lithium-metal anodes, which is challenged by short circuits caused by lithium-metal dendrites and a short cycle life owing to the reactivity with electrolytes. The evolution of...

journal article 2018
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Wapenaar, C.P.A. (author), Brackenhoff, J.A. (author), Thorbecke, J.W. (author), van der Neut, J.R. (author), Slob, E.C. (author), Verschuur, D.J. (author)

A virtual acoustic source inside a medium can be created by emitting a time-reversed point-source response from the enclosing boundary into the medium. However, in many practical situations the medium can be accessed from one side only. In those cases the time-reversal approach is not exact. Here, we demonstrate the experimental design and...

journal article 2018
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Roubos, A.A. (author), Steenbergen, Raphael D.J.M. (author), Schweckendiek, T. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)

Design codes and standards rely on generalised target reliability indices. It is unclear, however, whether these indices are applicable to the specific risk-profile of marine structures. In this study, target reliability indices for quay walls were derived from various risk acceptance criteria, such as economic optimisation, individual risk ...

journal article 2018
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Vinke, Elisabeth J. (author), De Groot, Marius (author), Venkatraghavan, Vikram (author), Klein, S. (author), Niessen, W.J. (author), Ikram, M. Arfan (author), Vernooij, Meike W. (author)

With aging, the brain undergoes several structural changes. These changes reflect the normal aging process and are therefore not necessarily pathologic. In fact, better understanding of these normal changes is an important cornerstone to also disentangle pathologic changes. Several studies have investigated normal brain aging, both cross...

journal article 2018
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Huijts, N.M.A. (author)

Citizens’ emotional responses to energy technology projects influence the success of the technology's implementation. Contrary to popular belief, these emotions can have a systematic base. Bringing together insights from appraisal theory and from technology acceptance studies, this study develops and tests hypotheses regarding antecedents of...

journal article 2018
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