"uuid","repository link","title","author","contributor","publication year","abstract","subject topic","language","publication type","publisher","isbn","issn","patent","patent status","bibliographic note","access restriction","embargo date","faculty","department","research group","programme","project","coordinates"
"uuid:a6e8fbb6-c7a2-4e0f-b72c-91532ec42169","http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:a6e8fbb6-c7a2-4e0f-b72c-91532ec42169","Statistics of measurement of noncommuting quantum variables: Monitoring and purification of a qubit","Wei, H.; Nazarov, Y.V.","","2008","We address continuous weak linear quantum measurement and argue that it is best understood in terms of statistics of the outcomes of the linear detectors measuring a quantum system, for example, a qubit. We mostly concentrate on a setup consisting of a qubit and three independent detectors that simultaneously monitor three noncommuting operator variables, those corresponding to three pseudospin components of the qubit. We address the joint probability distribution of the detector outcomes and the qubit variables. When analyzing the distribution in the limit of big values of the outcomes, we reveal a high degree of correspondence between the three outcomes and three components of the qubit pseudospin after the measurement. This enables a highfidelity monitoring of all three components. We discuss the relation between the monitoring described and the algorithms of quantum information theory that use the results of the partial measurement. We develop a proper formalism to evaluate the statistics of continuous weak linear measurement. The formalism is based on Feynman-Vernon approach, roots in the theory of full counting statistics, and boils down to a Bloch-Redfield equation augmented with counting fields.","quantum computing; quantum theory; statistical distributions","en","journal article","American Physical Society","","","","","","","","Applied Sciences","Kavli Institute of Nanoscience","","","",""