Searched for: collection%3Air
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Jing, Guoqing (author), Qie, Luchao (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jia, J. (author)
During the development for railway, ballasted track is dominant structure and makes up more than 95% of the whole track modes. However, its shortage is considerable in high speed railway and heavy haul system. Regarding to the ballasted railway track's defects as particle breakage, settlement, and geometry irregularity which lead to enormous...
review 2019
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Papadimitriou, E. (author), Filtness, Ashleigh (author), Theofilatos, Athanasios (author), Ziakopoulos, Apostolos (author), Quigley, Claire (author), Yannis, George (author)
The objective of this paper is the review and comparative assessment of infrastructure related crash risk factors, with the explicit purpose of ranking them based on how detrimental they are towards road safety (i.e. crash risk, frequency and severity). This analysis was carried out within the SafetyCube project, which aimed to identify and...
review 2019
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Swuste, P.H.J.J. (author), van Nunen, Karolien (author), Reniers, G.L.L.M.E. (author), Khakzad Rostami, N. (author)
Major accidents in Western countries, receiving a lot of media attention in the 1970s, are starting point for research into internal and external domino effects in the chemical and petrochemical sectors and clusters. Initially, these reports are published by government institutions and government-related research centres. With the upcoming...
review 2019
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Tanzer, S.E. (author), Ramirez Ramirez, C.A. (author)
Negative emission technologies (NETs) have seen a recent surge of interest in both academic and popular media and have been hailed as both a saviour and false idol of global warming mitigation. Proponents hope NETs can prevent or reverse catastrophic climate change by permanently removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. But there is...
review 2019
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Vester, Marloes E.M. (author), Bilo, Rob A. (author), Loeve, A.J. (author), van Rijn, Rick R. (author), van Zandwijk, Jan Peter (author)
Inflicted blunt force trauma and/or repetitive acceleration-deceleration trauma in infants can cause brain injury. Yet, the exact pathophysiologic mechanism with its associated thresholds remains unclear. In this systematic review an overview of animal models for shaking trauma and their findings on tissue damage will be provided. A...
review 2019
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Tscheikner-Gratl, F. (author), Bellos, Vasilis (author), Schellart, Alma (author), Moreno Rodenas, A. (author), Muthusamy, Manoranjan (author), Langeveld, J.G. (author), Clemens, F.H.L.R. (author), Shucksmith, James (author), Heuvelink, Gerard B.M. (author), More Authors (author)
This paper aims to stimulate discussion based on the experiences derived from the QUICS project (Quantifying Uncertainty in Integrated Catchment Studies). First it briefly discusses the current state of knowledge on uncertainties in sub-models of integrated catchment models and the existing frameworks for analysing uncertainty. Furthermore, it...
review 2019
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van Zandwijk, Jan Peter (author), Vester, Marloes E.M. (author), Bilo, Rob A. (author), van Rijn, Rick R. (author), Loeve, A.J. (author)
Various types of complex biomechanical models have been published in the literature to better understand processes related to inflicted head injury by shaking trauma (IHI-ST) in infants. In this systematic review, a comprehensive overview of these models is provided. A systematic review was performed in MEDLINE and Scopus for articles using...
review 2019
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Dubbeldam, David (author), Vreede, Jocelyne (author), Vlugt, T.J.H. (author), Calero, Sofia (author)
Computational chemistry uses computer simulation to assist in solving chemical problems. Typical workflows of computational chemists include the use of dozens of utilities. 3D modeling programs are powerful tools that help researchers visualize their work and create illustrative graphics. In this review, we describe and highlight tools and...
review 2019
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Gonzalez Nelson, A.M. (author), Coudert, François Xavier (author), van der Veen, M.A. (author)
Among the numerous fascinating properties of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), their rotational dynamics is perhaps one of the most intriguing, with clear consequences for adsorption and separation of molecules, as well as for optical and mechanical properties. A closer look at the rotational mobility in MOF linkers reveals that it is not only...
review 2019
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Krijgsman, W. (author), Tesakov, A. (author), Yanina, T. (author), Lazarev, S. (author), Danukalova, G. (author), van Baak, Christiaan G.C. (author), Agustí, J. (author), Flecker, R. (author), Kroonenberg, S.B. (author), More Authors (author)
The Pontocaspian (Black Sea - Caspian Sea) region has a very dynamic history of basin development and biotic evolution. The region is the remnant of a once vast Paratethys Sea. It contains some of the best Eurasian geological records of tectonic, climatic and paleoenvironmental change. The Pliocene-Quaternary co-evolution of the Black Sea...
review 2019
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Prieto Hoces, A.I. (author), Knaack, U. (author), Auer, Thomas (author), Klein, T. (author)
Increasing cooling demands in the built environment call for innovative technical solutions and systems for application in buildings. Cooling loads represent an important share of the total energy consumption in warm climates, especially in commercial and office buildings. Moreover, mechanical systems will still be needed in most cases to cope...
review 2019
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Adiego-Pérez, Belén (author), Randazzo, P. (author), Daran, J.G. (author), Verwaal, René (author), Roubos, Johannes A. (author), Daran-Lapujade, P.A.S. (author), van der Oost, John (author)
Microbial production of chemical compounds often requires highly engineered microbial cell factories. During the last years, CRISPR-Cas nucleases have been repurposed as powerful tools for genome editing. Here, we briefly review the most frequently used CRISPR-Cas tools and describe some of their applications. We describe the progress made...
review 2019
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Vendel, K.J.A. (author), Tschirpke, S. (author), Shamsi, F. (author), Dogterom, A.M. (author), Laan, L. (author)
Cell polarity - the morphological and functional differentiation of cellular compartments in a directional manner - is required for processes such as orientation of cell division, directed cellular growth and motility. How the interplay of components within the complexity of a cell leads to cell polarity is still heavily debated. In this...
review 2019
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Bocken, N.M.P. (author), Strupeit, Lars (author), Whalen, Katherine (author), Nußholz, Julia (author)
The circular economy has been heralded as a potential driver for sustainable development by business, academia, and policymakers. In a future circular economy, new business models are needed that slow, close and narrow resource loops to address key resource and climate challenges. After a phase of excitement and inspiration, an...
review 2019
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Idema, T. (author), Kraft, Daniela J. (author)
Protein inclusions in the membranes of living cells interact via the deformations they impose on that membrane. Such membrane-mediated interactions lead to sorting and self-assembly of the inclusions, as well as to membrane remodelling, crucial for many biological processes. For the past decades, theory, numerical calculations and experiments...
review 2019
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Gotor-Fernández, Vicente (author), Paul, C.E. (author)
Deep eutectic solvents (DES) are a class of neoteric solvents used in multiple applications amongst which biocatalytic processes. Due to its simple preparation, low cost and inherent biodegradable properties, its use as a non-volatile biocompatible co-solvent with both whole cells and isolated enzymes has displayed increased enzyme activity...
review 2019
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Guarneri, A. (author), van Berkel, Willem (author), Paul, C.E. (author)
Coenzymes are ubiquitous in Nature, assisting in enzyme-catalysed reactions. Several coenzymes, nicotinamides and flavins, have been known for close to a century, whereas variations of those organic molecules have more recently come to light. In general, the requirement of these coenzymes imposes certain constraints for in vitro enzyme use in...
review 2019
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Witte, Patrick (author), Wiegmans, B. (author), Ng, Adolf K.Y. (author)
Over the past twenty-five years a considerable amount of literature has emerged that addresses inland port development in a variety of ways and in different institutional contexts. A recurring issue throughout most papers focusing on inland ports is the wide diversity of definitions, actors, functions, levels and geographies that are of...
review 2019
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Tao, X. (author), Infante Ferreira, C.A. (author)
The corrugation channels of plate heat exchangers enhance the heat transfer and complicate the prediction of heat transfer coefficients and frictional pressure drop. This paper reviews the heat transfer and frictional pressure drop correlations for condensation in plate heat exchangers, and classifies the correlations into basic forms. An...
review 2019
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Weninger, B. (author), Mulder, F.M. (author)
review 2019
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