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Zhang, W. (author), Khosropanah, P. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Bansal, T. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Miao, W. (author), Shi, S.C. (author)
We report the measured sensitivities of a superconducting NbN hot electron bolometer (HEB) heterodyne receiver at 5.25 THz. Terahertz (THz) radiation is quasioptically coupled to a HEB mixer with a lens and a spiral antenna. Using a measurement setup with black body calibration sources and a beam splitter in vacuo, and an antireflection coated...
journal article 2010
document
Barends, R. (author), Vercruyssen, N. (author), Endo, A. (author), De Visser, P.J. (author), Zijlstra, T. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Baselmans, J.J.A. (author)
We report a reduction in the frequency noise in coplanar waveguide superconducting resonators. The reduction of 7 dB is achieved by removing the exposed dielectric substrate surface from the region with high electric fields and by using NbTiN. In a model-analysis the surface of NbTiN is found to be a negligible source of noise, experimentally...
journal article 2010
document
Barends, R. (author), Hortensius, H.L. (author), Zijlstra, T. (author), Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Yates, S.J.C. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author)
We present measurements of the frequency noise and resonance frequency temperature dependence in planar superconducting resonators on both silicon and sapphire substrates. We show, by covering the resonators with sputtered SiOx layers of different thicknesses, that the temperature dependence of the resonance frequency scales linearly with...
journal article 2009
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Barends, R. (author), Hortensius, H.L. (author), Zijlstra, T. (author), Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Yates, S.J.C. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author)
We study NbTiN resonators by measurements of the temperature dependent resonance frequency and frequency noise. Additionally, resonators are studied covered with SiOx dielectric layers of various thicknesses. The resonance frequency develops a nonmonotonic temperature dependence with increasing SiOx layer thickness. The increase in the noise is...
journal article 2008
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Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Baryshev, A. (author), Reker, S.F. (author), Hajenius, M. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Voronov, B. (author), Gol'tsman, G. (author)
We present a detailed experimental study of the direct detection effect in a small volume (0.15??m×1??m×3.5?nm) quasioptical NbN phonon cooled hot electron bolometer mixer at 673?GHz. We find that the small signal noise temperature, relevant for an astronomical observation, is 20% lower than the noise temperature obtained using 300 and 77?K...
journal article 2006
document
Jaroszynski, J. (author), Popovic, D. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author)
Studies of low-frequency resistance noise show that the glassy freezing of the two-dimensional electron system (2DES) in Si in the vicinity of the metal-insulator transition (MIT) persists in parallel magnetic fields B of up to 9 T. At low B, both the glass transition density ng and nc, the critical density for the MIT, increase with B such that...
conference paper 2004
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