Searched for: collection%3Air
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Hajenius, M. (author), Khosropanah, P. (author), Hovenier, J.N. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Barbieri, S. (author), Dhillon, S. (author), Filloux, P. (author), Sirtori, C. (author), Ritchie, D.A. (author), Beere, H.E. (author)
We characterize a heterodyne receiver based on a surface-plasmon waveguide quantum cascade laser (QCL) emitting at 2.84 THz as a local oscillator, and an NbN hot electron bolometer as a mixer. We find that the envelope of the far-field pattern of the QCL is diffraction-limited and superimposed onto interference fringes, which are similar to...
journal article 2008
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Khosropanah, P. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Laauwen, W.M. (author), Hajenius, M. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author)
We have studied the sensitivity of a superconducting NbN hot electron bolometer mixer integrated with a spiral antenna at 4.3?THz. Using hot/cold blackbody loads and a beam splitter all in vacuum, we measured a double sideband receiver noise temperature of 1300?K at the optimum local oscillator (LO) power of 330?nW, which is about 12 times the...
journal article 2007
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Gao, J.R. (author), Hajenius, M. (author), Tichelaar, F.D. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Voronov, B. (author), Grishin, E. (author), Gol'tsman, G. (author), Zorman, C.A. (author), Mehregany, M. (author)
The authors have realized NbN (100) nanofilms on a 3C-SiC (100)/Si(100) substrate by dc reactive magnetron sputtering at 800?°C. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) is used to characterize the films, showing a monocrystalline structure and confirming epitaxial growth on the 3C-SiC layer. A film ranging in thickness from 3.4...
journal article 2007
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Kooi, J.W. (author), Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Hajenius, M. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Dieleman, P. (author), Baryshev, A. (author), De Lange, G. (author)
The intermediate frequency (IF) characteristics, the frequency dependent IF impedance, and the mixer conversion gain of a small area hot electron bolometer (HEB) have been measured and modeled. The device used is a twin slot antenna coupled NbN HEB mixer with a bridge area of 1×0.15??m2, and a critical temperature of 8.3?K. In the experiment the...
journal article 2007
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Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Baryshev, A. (author), Reker, S.F. (author), Hajenius, M. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Voronov, B. (author), Gol'tsman, G. (author)
We present a detailed experimental study of the direct detection effect in a small volume (0.15??m×1??m×3.5?nm) quasioptical NbN phonon cooled hot electron bolometer mixer at 673?GHz. We find that the small signal noise temperature, relevant for an astronomical observation, is 20% lower than the noise temperature obtained using 300 and 77?K...
journal article 2006
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Hajenius, M. (author), Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Baryshev, A. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Kooi, J.W. (author), Jellema, W. (author), Yang, Z.Q. (author)
We present a complete experimental characterization of a quasioptical twin-slot antenna coupled small area (1.0×0.15??m2) NbN hot electron bolometer (HEB) mixer compatible with currently available solid state tunable local oscillator (LO) sources. The required LO power absorbed in the HEB is analyzed in detail and equals only 25?nW. Due to the...
journal article 2006
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Kooi, J.W. (author), Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Baryshev, A. (author), Schieder, R. (author), Hajenius, M. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Voronov, B. (author), Gol'tsman, G. (author)
In this paper we discuss the stability of heterodyne terahertz receivers based on small volume NbN phonon cooled hot electron bolometers (HEBs). The stability of these receivers can be broken down in two parts: the intrinsic stability of the HEB mixer and the stability of the local oscillator (LO) signal injection scheme. Measurements show that...
journal article 2006
document
Barends, R. (author), Hajenius, M. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author)
We present a description of the current-voltage characteristics of hot electron bolometers in terms of the current-dependent intrinsic resistive transition of NbN films. We find that, by including this current dependence, we can correctly predict the complete current-voltage characteristics, showing excellent agreement with measurements for both...
journal article 2005
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Gao, J.R. (author), Hovenier, J.N. (author), Yang, Z.Q. (author), Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Baryshev, A. (author), Hajenius, M. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Adam, A.J.L. (author), Klaassen, T.O. (author), Williams, B.S. (author), Kumar, S. (author), Hu, Q. (author), Reno, J.L. (author)
We report the first demonstration of an all solid-state heterodyne receiver that can be used for high-resolution spectroscopy above 2?THz suitable for space-based observatories. The receiver uses a NbN superconducting hot-electron bolometer as mixer and a quantum cascade laser operating at 2.8?THz as local oscillator. We measure a double...
journal article 2005
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Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Baryshev, A. (author), Reker, S.F. (author), Hajenius, M. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), Vachtomin, Y. (author), Maslennikov, S. (author), Antipov, S. (author), Voronov, B. (author), Gol'tsman, G. (author)
We measure the direct detection effect in a small volume (0.15??m×1??m×3.5?nm) quasioptical NbN phonon cooled hot electron bolometer mixer at 1.6?THz. We find that the small signal sensitivity of the receiver is underestimated by 35% due to the direct detection effect and that the optimal operating point is shifted to higher bias voltages when...
journal article 2005
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Baselmans, J.J.A. (author), Hajenius, M. (author), Gao, J.R. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author), De Korte, P.A.J. (author), Voronov, B. (author), Gol'tsman, G. (author)
We demonstrate that the performance of NbN lattice cooled hot electron bolometer mixers depends strongly on the interface quality between the bolometer and the contact structure. We show experimentally that both the receiver noise temperature and the gain bandwidth can be improved by more than a factor of 2 by cleaning the interface and adding...
journal article 2004
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