Searched for: collection%3Air
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Guo, Y. (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Zhang, X. (author), Qiang, Weile (author), Jing, Guoquig (author)
The performance and deformation of ballast bed are significantly influenced by the particle morphology (size and shape), the rheology (translation and rotation), and the degradation (breakage and abrasion). Regarding the ballast particle morphology, the ballast particle size is generally measured by sieving and described with the Particle Size...
review 2019
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Gariglio, S. (author), Caviglia, A. (author), Triscone, J. M. (author), Gabay, M. (author)
Within the last twenty years, the status of the spinorbit interaction has evolved from that of a simple atomic contribution to a key effect that modifies the electronic band structure of materials. It is regarded as one of the basic ingredients for spintronics, locking together charge and spin degrees of freedom and recently it is...
review 2019
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Modaresifar, K. (author), Azizian Amiri, S. (author), Ganjian, M. (author), Fratila-Apachitei, E.L. (author), Zadpoor, A.A. (author)
We systematically reviewed the currently available evidence on how the design parameters of surface nanopatterns (e.g. height, diameter, and interspacing) relate to their bactericidal behavior. The systematic search of the literature resulted in 46 studies that satisfied the inclusion criteria of examining the bactericidal behavior of...
review 2019
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Gonzalez Rodriguez, B.J. (author), Rietveld, L.C. (author), Longley, A. J. (author), van Halem, D. (author)
Several surveys have been conducted in Nicaragua between 1996 and 2015 confirming the presence of high levels of arsenic (>10 μg/L). In this paper, these peer-reviewed (n = 2) and non-peer reviewed sources (n = 14) have been combined to provide an extensive overview of the arsenic contamination of drinking water sources in Nicaragua. So...
review 2019
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Gilvari, H. (author), de Jong, W. (author), Schott, D.L. (author)
Densification has been carried out for many years, mostly in biomass processing, animal feed production, and pharmaceutical industries. During the years, researchers and engineers attempted to improve the product quality and minimize the production costs. The most important quality parameters of solid bio-materials are the compressive...
review 2019
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Shakeel, A. (author), Farooq, Ujala (author), Iqbal, Tanveer (author), Yasin, Saima (author), Lupi, Francesca R. (author), Gabriele, Domenico (author)
Bigels are interesting semisolid formulations with better properties for different applications such as cosmetics and pharmaceutical systems. Due to the mixing of two phases of different nature (polar and apolar), bigels possess some interesting features like ability to deliver hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs, better spreadability and water...
review 2019
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Guo, Leicheng (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author), Townend, Ian (author), He, Qing (author)
Tidal wave deformation and tidal asymmetry widely occur in tidal estuaries and lagoons. Tidal asymmetry has been intensively studied because of its controlling role on residual sediment transport and large‐scale morphological evolution. There are several methods available to characterize tidal asymmetry prompting the need for an overview of...
review 2019
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Saadabadi, S.A. (author), Thallam Thattai, A. (author), Fan, L. (author), Lindeboom, R.E.F. (author), Spanjers, H. (author), Purushothaman Vellayani, P.V. (author)
Anaerobic Digestion (AD) is used worldwide for treating organic waste and wastewater. Biogas produced can be converted using conventional energy conversion devices to provide energy efficient, integrated waste solutions. Typically, the electrical conversion-efficiency of these devices is 30–40% and is lowered due to biogas utilization instead...
review 2019
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Prieto Hoces, A.I. (author), Knaack, U. (author), Auer, Thomas (author), Klein, T. (author)
Increasing cooling demands in the built environment call for innovative technical solutions and systems for application in buildings. Cooling loads represent an important share of the total energy consumption in warm climates, especially in commercial and office buildings. Moreover, mechanical systems will still be needed in most cases to cope...
review 2019
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Guarneri, A. (author), van Berkel, Willem (author), Paul, C.E. (author)
Coenzymes are ubiquitous in Nature, assisting in enzyme-catalysed reactions. Several coenzymes, nicotinamides and flavins, have been known for close to a century, whereas variations of those organic molecules have more recently come to light. In general, the requirement of these coenzymes imposes certain constraints for in vitro enzyme use in...
review 2019
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Vendel, K.J.A. (author), Tschirpke, S. (author), Shamsi, F. (author), Dogterom, A.M. (author), Laan, L. (author)
Cell polarity - the morphological and functional differentiation of cellular compartments in a directional manner - is required for processes such as orientation of cell division, directed cellular growth and motility. How the interplay of components within the complexity of a cell leads to cell polarity is still heavily debated. In this...
review 2019
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Gotor-Fernández, Vicente (author), Paul, C.E. (author)
Deep eutectic solvents (DES) are a class of neoteric solvents used in multiple applications amongst which biocatalytic processes. Due to its simple preparation, low cost and inherent biodegradable properties, its use as a non-volatile biocompatible co-solvent with both whole cells and isolated enzymes has displayed increased enzyme activity...
review 2019
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Ikeda, Yuji (author), Grabowski, Blazej (author), Körmann, F.H.W. (author)
Multicomponent alloys with multiple principal elements including high entropy alloys (HEAs) and compositionally complex alloys (CCAs) are attracting rapidly growing attention. The endless possibilities to explore new alloys and the hope for better combinations of materials properties have stimulated a remarkable number of research works in...
review 2019
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Box, Jason Eric (author), Colgan, William T (author), Wouters, B. (author), Burgess, David O (author), O'Neel, Shad (author), Thomson, Laura I. (author), Mernild, Sebastian (author)
The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP 2017) report identifies the Arctic as the largest regional source of land ice to global sea-level rise in the 2003-2014 period. Yet, this contextualization ignores the longer perspective from in situ records of glacier mass balance. Here, using 17 (>55°N latitude) glacier and ice cap mass...
review 2018
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Zong, H. (author), Chiatto, Matteo (author), Kotsonis, M. (author), de Luca, Luigi (author)
The plasma synthetic jet actuator (PSJA), also named as sparkjet actuator, is a special type of zero-net mass flux actuator, driven thermodynamically by pulsed arc/spark discharge. Compared to widely investigated mechanical synthetic jet actuators driven by vibrating diaphragms or oscillating pistons, PSJAs exhibit the unique capability of...
review 2018
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Jiang, N. (author), Shang, R. (author), Heijman, Sebastiaan (author), Rietveld, L.C. (author)
High-silica zeolites have been found to be effective adsorbents for the removal of organic micro-pollutants (OMPs) from impaired water, including various pharmaceuticals, personal care products, industrial chemicals, etc. In this review, the properties and fundamentals of high-silica zeolites are summarised. Recent research on mechanisms and...
review 2018
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Chandra Paul, Suvash (author), Šavija, B. (author), Babafemi, Adewumi John (author)
intensive process. However, for widespread use of wastes...
review 2018
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Riska, K.A. (author)
Ice action on ships and offshore structures is commonly determined by calculating the contact ice pressure. The aim of this paper is to describe the empirical background for determining the ice pressure. This review article describes six different test series where ice edge indentation and contact ice pressure have been investigated. These...
review 2018
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Lammers, Imke (author), Hoppe, T. (author)
Due to the liberalisation of the European Union's (EU) electricity sector, stakeholders' roles and responsibilities in local energy planning and implementation are not well-defined in legislation anymore. To investigate what local energy planning and implementation processes look like in the post-liberalisation era we conduct a systematic...
review 2018
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Milchram, C. (author), van de Kaa, G. (author), Doorn, N. (author), Kunneke, R.W. (author)
Smart grid technologies are considered an important enabler in the transition to more sustainable energy systems because they support the integration of rising shares of volatile renewable energy sources into electricity networks. To implement them in a large scale, broad acceptance in societies is crucial. However, a growing body of research...
review 2018
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