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Knoop, V.L. (author), van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Leclercq, Ludovic (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)

The Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram (MFD) describes the relation between accumulation and speed in a zone. While theoretically expected, empirical validations have been done with limited numbers of floating car (e.g., taxi) data, and loop detectors. This paper will verify existence, shape and crispness of the MFD using Floating Car Data ...
conference paper 2019
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Knoop, V.L. (author), Taale, Henk (author), Meulenberg, Michel (author), van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Demand exceeding the capacity of a bottleneck will create congestion upstream of that bottleneck. Once this congestion occurs, the maximum flow through this bottleneck decreases (capacity drop). By limiting the flow towards the bottleneck, one can prevent or postpone the capacity drop and the accompanying congestion. In case the bottleneck is...
conference paper 2019
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van de Weg, G.S. (author), Hegyi, A. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), De Schutter, B.H.K. (author)
Freeway congestion can reduce the freeway throughput due to the capacity drop or due to blocking caused by spillback to upstream ramps. Research has shown that congestion can be reduced by the application of ramp metering and variable speed limits. Model predictive control is a promising strategy for the optimization of the ramp metering...
journal article 2019
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Yap, M.D. (author), Luo, D. (author), Cats, O. (author), van Oort, N. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Minimizing passenger transfer times through public transport (PT) transfer synchronization is important during tactical planning and real-time control. However, there are computational challenges for solving this Timetable Synchronization Problem (TSP) for large, real-world urban PT networks. Hence, in this study we propose a data-driven,...
journal article 2019
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Dixit, M. (author), Brands, T. (author), van Oort, N. (author), Cats, O. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Urban transit networks typically consist of multiple modes and the journeys may involve a transfer within or across modes. Therefore, the passenger experience of travel time reliability is based on the whole journey experience including the transfers. Although the impact of transfers on reliability has been highlighted in the literature, the...
journal article 2019
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Shu, Y. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Ligteringen, H. (author), Wang, M. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
The Vessel Maneuvering Prediction (VMP) model, which was developed in a previous work with the aim of predicting the interaction between vessels in ports and waterways, is optimized in this paper by considering the relative position and vessel size (length and beam). The calibration is carried out using AIS data of overtaking vessels in the...
journal article 2018
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Ton, D. (author), Duives, D.C. (author), Cats, O. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Specifying the choice set for travel behaviour analysis is a non-trivial task. Its size and composition are known to influence the results of model estimation and prediction. Most studies specify the choice set using choice set generation algorithms. These methods can introduce two types of errors to the specified choice set: false negative ...
journal article 2018
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van den Berg, M. (author), van Nes, R. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Insight into factors influencing the choices people make in case of an evacuation from a natural disaster can help governments and emergency management personnel to manage people in case of such a situation. One of the aspects that influences the choices that people make in such a situation is herding. Since herding has not been quantified,...
journal article 2018
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van Erp, P.B.C. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
This article presents a procedure to estimate the macroscopic traffic state in a pre-defined space-time mesh using relative flow data collected by stationary and moving observers. The procedure consist of two consecutive and independent processes: (1) estimate point observations of the cumulative vehicle number in space-time, i.e., N(x, t),...
journal article 2018
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van Beinum, A.S. (author), Farah, H. (author), Wegman, F.C.M. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
In the vicinity of ramps, drivers make route choices, change lanes and in most cases also adjust their speeds. This can trigger anticipatory behaviour by the surrounding vehicles, which are also reflected in lane changes and/or changes in speed. This phenomenon is called turbulence and is widely recognised by the scientific literature and...
journal article 2018
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van de Weg, G.S. (author), Vu, Hai L. (author), Hegyi, A. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
In this paper, we develop a hierarchical approach to optimize the signal timings in an urban traffic network taking into account the different dynamics in all traffic regimes. The proposed hierarchical control framework consists of two layers. The first layer--the network coordination layer--uses a model predictive control strategy based on a...
journal article 2018
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Duives, D.C. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Crowd monitoring systems are more and more used to support crowd management organizations. Currently, counting systems are often used to provide quantitative insights into the pedestrian traffic state, since they are fairly easy to install and the accuracy is reasonably good under normal conditions. However, there are no sensor systems that...
journal article 2018
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Calvert, S.C. (author), van Wageningen-Kessels, F.L.M. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
The capacity drop forms a major reason why the prevention of congestion is targeted by traffic management, as lower capacities are detrimental to traffic throughput. Various reasons describing the dynamics behind the capacity have been described, however one of these, reaction times, has had less explicit attention when modelling on a...
journal article 2018
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Calvert, S.C. (author), Taale, Henk (author), Snelder, M. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
In a bid to cost-effectively tackle congestion, traffic management is often seen as a key option to utilise road capacity. Prior to the application of traffic management measures, a-priori analysis allows the effectiveness of measures to be judged and where necessary adapted. However, current approaches do this without considering the effects...
journal article 2018
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Wierbos, M.J. (author), Goni Ros, B. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
In many countries, an increasing number of people are using the bicycle for urban trips. The increased bicycle flow sometimes creates local congestion at intersections and demands better bicycle traffic management. To provide policy
makers with models and advice on how to prevent congestion, an increased understanding of queue dynamics is...
conference paper 2018
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Durand, Anne (author), van Oort, N. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Unplanned disruptions in transit can have consequent impacts on passengers. The more inconvenienced passengers are, the more likely operators will be negatively impacted. Yet so far, operators and researchers have addressed the rescheduling problem during disruptions mainly with a supply-side focus – timetable, crews, and vehicles – and not...
journal article 2018
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Varotto, S.F. (author), Farah, H. (author), Toledo, Tomer (author), van Arem, B. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) and automated vehicles can contribute to reduce traffic congestion and accidents. Recently, an on-road study has shown that drivers may prefer to deactivate full-range ACC when closing in on a slower leader and to overrule it by pressing the gas pedal a few seconds after the activation of the system. Notwithstanding...
journal article 2018
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Yuan, K. (author), Lavala, Jorge (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Jiang, Rui (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Traffic flow downstream of the congestion is generally lower than the pre-queue capacity. This phenomenon is called the capacity drop. Recent empirical observations show a positive relationship between the speed in congestion and the queue discharge rate. Literature indicates that variations in driver behaviors can account for the capacity drop....
journal article 2018
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Gong, X. (author), Yang, J. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Bozzon, A. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Houben, G.J.P.M. (author)
City-scale events attract large amounts of attendees in temporarily re-purposed urban environments. In this setting, the real-time measurement of the density of attendees stationing in – or moving through – the event terrain is central to applications such as crowd management, emergency support, and quality of service...
journal article 2018
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de Baat, Marco (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
journal article 2018
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