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Meijer, F.M. (author), Straub, A. (author), Mlecnik, E. (author)
The housing sector is responsible for a more than a quarter of the total final energy consumption in the EU. As the majority (70%) of the EU-housing stock is owner occupied and largely consists of single family dwellings it is understandable that many countries focus their energy saving policies on homeowners. Complementary to the national...
journal article 2018
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Monteiro Fernandes, A.B. (author), Brabandt, Joerg (author), Posdziech, Oliver (author), Saadabadi, S.A. (author), Recalde Moreno Del Rocio, M.D.R. (author), Fan, L. (author), Promes, E.J.O. (author), Liu, M. (author), Woudstra, T. (author), Purushothaman Vellayani, A. (author)
This paper describes the steps involved in the design, construction, and testing of a gasifier-specific solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system. The design choices are based on reported thermodynamic simulation results for the entire gasifier- gas cleanup-SOFC system. The constructed SOFC system is tested and the measured parameters are compared...
journal article 2018
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Yazdan Mehr, M. (author), van Driel, W.D. (author), De Buyl, Francois (author), Zhang, G.Q. (author)
Degradation mechanisms of silicone plates under harsh environment conditions are studied in this investigation. Environmental degradation of silicone free form, used as secondary optics in Light Emitting Diode LED lighting lamps and luminaires or any other applications requiring high quality optics being used, has negative implications for the...
journal article 2018
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Bekebrede, G. (author), van Bueren, E.M. (author), Wenzler, I. (author)
The depletion of fossil fuel sources for our energy system and the influence on overall CO2 emissions drive the need to more sustainable energy systems. The transition towards a renewable energy system cannot be seen as a purely technical issue; it is strongly embedded within society. In this study, we analyze the stakeholder complexities of the...
journal article 2018
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Daniel, D. (author), Marks, Sara (author), Pande, S. (author), Rietveld, L.C. (author)
Household water treatment (HWT) can effectively reduce exposure to unsafe drinking water at home. Understanding the characteristics of target groups who successfully adopt HWT, such as perception about water quality and usefulness of HWT, income, or parental education, is essential for enhancing the adoption of HWT in developing countries. The...
journal article 2018
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Oorschot, L.M. (author), Spoormans, L.G.K. (author), El Messlaki, S. (author), Konstantinou, T. (author), de Jonge, Tim (author), van Oel, C.J. (author), Asselbergs, M.F. (author), Gruis, V.H. (author), de Jonge, W. (author)
Increasing energy efficiency of the housing stock is one of the largest challenges in the built environment today. In line with the international Paris-Climate-Change-Conference 2015, Dutch municipalities and housing associations have embraced the ambition to achieve carbon neutrality for their social housing stock by 2050. However, most deep...
journal article 2018
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Tümer, N. (author), Kok, A.C. (author), Vos, F.M. (author), Streekstra, Geert J. (author), Askeland, Christian (author), Tuijthof, G.J.M. (author), Zadpoor, A.A. (author)
A rigid surface–volume registration scheme is presented in this study to register computed tomography (CT) and free-hand tracked ultrasound (US) images of the talocrural joint. Prior to registration, bone surfaces expected to be visible in US are extracted from the CT volume and bone contours in 2D US data are enhanced based on monogenic signal...
journal article 2018
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Bracco Garcia, M.P. (author), Torrelo Villa, G. (author), Noordam, Sander (author), de Jong, Glenn (author), Hanefeld, U. (author)
The hydroxynitrile lyase from Prunus amygdalus was immobilized on Celite R-633. The immobilized enzyme could successfully be utilized in buffer saturated MTBE and excellent conversions of benzaldehyde to R-mandelonitrile were observed. No leaching occurred. To achieve high enantioselectivities, the suppression of the undesired background...
journal article 2018
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Digna, R.F.M.O. (author), Castro Gama, M.E. (author), van der Zaag, P. (author), Mohamed, Yasir A. (author), Corzo, Gerald (author), Uhlenbrook, S. (author)

The Eastern Nile Basin is facing a number of transboundary issues, including water resources development, and the associated impacts. The Nile Basin, particularly the Eastern Nile Sub-basin, is considered as one of a few international river systems of potential conflicts between riparian countries. The Eastern Nile is characterized by the...

journal article 2018
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Sumter, Deborah (author), Bakker, C.A. (author), Balkenende, A.R. (author)
In the transition to a circular economy companies are exploring new business models, implying a shift from selling products to offering products in circular business models, such as leasing.
Product design is thought to play a crucial role in enabling this. Having a robust overview of relevant design roles and competencies is of foundational...
journal article 2018
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Pande, S. (author), Pandit, A. (author)
opulation growth is often intuitively linked with proportionally higher use of fresh water resources. However, this implies that water use per capita does not change with population growth. We not only find that birth rates of regions are negatively related with its water use per capita (i.e., higher birth rate is associated with lower water use...
journal article 2018
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Mulatu, C.A. (author), Crosato, A. (author), Moges, Michael M. (author), Langendoen, Eddy J. (author), McClain, Michael (author)

The meandering Ribb River flows in northwest Ethiopia to Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile River. The river has already undergone changes due to several human interventions, such as embanking, sand mining, water extraction and lake level regulation for hydropower. At present, a dam and a weir are under construction to store and divert...

journal article 2018
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Forbes, P.A. (author), Fice, Jason B. (author), Siegmund, Gunter P. (author), Blouin, Jean Sébastien (author)

Neck muscle activity evoked by vestibular stimuli is a clinical measure for evaluating the function of the vestibular apparatus. Cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) are most commonly measured in the sternocleidomastoid muscle (and more recently the splenius capitis muscle) in response to air-conducted sound, bone-conducted...

journal article 2018
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van Hulzen, M. (author), Ooms, F.G.B. (author), Wright, Jonathan P. (author), Wagemaker, M. (author)
For the development of next-generation batteries it is important to understand the structural changes in electrodes under realistic non-equilibrium conditions. With microbeam X-ray diffraction it is possible to probe many individual electrode grains concurrently under non-equilibrium conditions in realistic battery systems. This makes it...
journal article 2018
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Verhallen, T.W. (author), Lv, Shasha (author), Wagemaker, M. (author)
Neutron Depth Profiling (NDP) allows determination of the spatial distribution of specific isotopes, via neutron capture reactions. In a capture reaction charged particles with fixed kinetic energy are formed, where their energy loss through the material of interest can be used to provide the depth of the original isotope. As lithium-6 has a...
journal article 2018
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Sainis, Salil (author), Farahani, H. (author), Gamsjäger, Ernst (author), van der Zwaag, S. (author)

Direct microscopic observation of the isothermal bainite evolution in terms of nucleation events, the location of the nuclei, as well as their growth is very valuable for the refinement of models predicting the kinetics of bainite transformation. To this aim, the microstructural evolution in a Fe-0.2C-1.5Mn-2.0Cr alloy during isothermal...

journal article 2018
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Klijn, F. (author), Asselman, Nathalie (author), Wagenaar, Dennis (author)
The Netherlands has just finished implementing the Room for the Rivers program along the Rhine and Meuse Rivers in response to increasing river discharges. Recently, making more room for the river is, however, being challenged for future application because the flood defenses are assessed to be too weak and will need reinforcement anyway. To be...
journal article 2018
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Warman, J.M. (author), de Haas, M.P. (author), Luthjens, L.H. (author), Denkova, A.G. (author), Yao, T. (author)
We review the development and application of an organic polymer-gel capable of producing fixed, three-dimensional fluorescent images of complex radiation fields. The gel consists for more than 99% of γ-ray-polymerized (~15% conversion) tertiary-butyl acrylate (TBA) containing ~100 ppm of a fluorogenic compound, e.g., maleimido-pyrene (MPy). The...
journal article 2018
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Solcerova, A. (author), van Emmerik, T.H.M. (author), Hilgersom, K.P. (author), van de Ven, F.H.M. (author), van de Giesen, N.C. (author)
The urban heat island effect was first described 200 years ago, but the development of ways to mitigate heat in urban areas reaches much further into the past. Uchimizu is a 17th century Japanese tradition, in which water is sprinkled around houses to cool the ground surface and air by evaporation. Unfortunately, the number of published studies...
journal article 2018
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Prieto Hoces, A.I. (author), Knaack, U. (author), Auer, Thomas (author), Klein, T. (author)
Small-scale systems and integrated concepts are currently being explored to promote the widespread application of solar cooling technologies in buildings. This article seeks to expand application possibilities by exploring the feasibility of solar cooling integrated façades, as decentralized self-sufficient cooling modules on different warm...
journal article 2018
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