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Galatro, L. (author), Spirito, M. (author)
In this paper, we propose a method based on 3-D electromagnetic simulations, for the characteristic impedance extraction of transmission lines employed in TRL calibration, focusing on lines integrated in silicon technologies. The accuracy achieved with TRL calibrations using the proposed characteristic impedance extraction is benchmarked...
journal article 2017
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Mohammadi, V. (author), Nihtianov, S. (author)
The lateral gas phase diffusion length of boron atoms, LB, along silicon and boron surfaces during chemical vapor deposition(CVD) using diborane (B2H6) is reported. The value of LB is critical for reliable and uniform boron layer coverage. The presented information was obtained experimentally and confirmed analytically in the...
journal article 2016
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Nanda, G. (author), Van Veldhoven, E. (author), Maas, D. (author), Sadeghian, H. (author), Alkemade, P.F.A. (author)
The authors report the direct-write growth of hammerhead atomic force microscope(AFM) probes by He+beam induced deposition of platinum-carbon. In order to grow a thin nanoneedle on top of a conventional AFM probe, the authors move a focused He+beam during exposure to a PtC precursor gas. In the final growth stage, a perpendicular movement of the...
journal article 2015
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Nishiguchi, K. (author), Castellanos-Gomez, A. (author), Yamaguchi, H. (author), Fujiwara, A. (author), Van der Zant, H.S.J. (author), Steele, G.A. (author)
We demonstrate a tunnel diode composed of a vertical MoS2/SiO2/Si heterostructure. A MoS2 flake consisting four areas of different thicknesses functions as a gate terminal of a silicon field-effect transistor. A thin gate oxide allows tunneling current to flow between the n-type MoS2 layers and p-type Si channel. The tunneling-current...
journal article 2015
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Lee, M.J. (author), Sun, P. (author), Charbon, E. (author)
We report on the characterization of single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) fabricated in standard 140-nm silicon on insulator (SOI) complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology. As a methodology for SPAD optimization, a test structure array, called SPAD farm, was realized with several junctions, guard-ring structures, dimensions,...
conference paper 2015
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Lee, M.J. (author), Sun, P. (author), Charbon, E. (author)
This paper reports on the first implementation of a single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) in standard silicon on insulator (SOI) complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology. The SPAD is realized in a circular shape, and it is based on a P+/N-well junction along with a P-well guard-ring structure formed by lateral diffusion of two...
journal article 2015
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Bruno, A. (author), De Lange, G. (author), Asaad, S. (author), Van der Enden, K.L. (author), Langford, N.K. (author), DiCarlo, L. (author)
We present microwave-frequency NbTiN resonators on silicon, systematically achieving internal quality factors above 1?M in the quantum regime. We use two techniques to reduce losses associated with two-level systems: an additional substrate surface treatment prior to NbTiN deposition to optimize the metal-substrate interface and deep reactive...
journal article 2015
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Trifunovic, M. (author), Shimoda, T. (author), Ishihara, R. (author)
Printing electronics has led to application areas which were formerly impossible with conventional electronic processes. Solutions are used as inks on top of large areas at room temperatures, allowing the production of fully flexible circuitry. Commonly, research in these inks have focused on organic and metal-oxide ink materials due to their...
journal article 2015
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Liu, Y. (author), Salemink, H.W.M. (author)
A highly sensitive sensor design based on two-dimensional photonic crystal cavity is demonstrated. The geometric structure of the cavity is modified to gain a high quality factor, which enables a sensitive refractive index sensing. A group of slots with optimized parameters is created in the cavity. The existence of the slots enhances the light...
journal article 2015
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Ishihara, R. (author), Zhang, J. (author), Trifunovic, M. (author), Derakhshandeh Kheljani, J. (author), Golshani, N. (author), Tajari Mofrad, M.R. (author), Chen, T. (author), Beenakker, C.I.M. (author), Shimoda, T. (author)
We review our recent achievements in monolithic 3D-ICs and flexible electronics based on single-grain Si TFTs that are fabricated inside a single-grain with a low-temperature process. Based on pulsed-laser crystallization and submicron sized cavities made in the substrate, amorphous-Si precursor film was converted into poly-Si having grains that...
journal article 2014
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Lee, M.J. (author), Youn, J.S. (author), Park, K.Y. (author), Choi, W.Y. (author)
We present a fully integrated 12.5-Gb/s optical receiver fabricated with standard 0.13-µm complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology for 850-nm optical interconnect applications. Our integrated optical receiver includes a newly proposed CMOS-compatible spatially-modulated avalanche photodetector, which provides larger...
journal article 2014
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Nishiguchi, K. (author), Yamaguchi, H. (author), Fujiwara, A. (author), Van der Zant, H.S.J. (author), Steele, G.A. (author)
We demonstrate high-speed charge detection at room temperature with single-electron resolution by using a radio-frequency field-effect transistor (RF-FET). The RF-FET combines a nanometer-scale silicon FET with an impedance-matching circuit composed of an inductor and capacitor. Driving the RF-FET with a carrier signal at its resonance frequency...
journal article 2013
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Ten Kate, O.M. (author), De Jong, M. (author), Hintzen, H.T. (author), Van der Kolk, E. (author)
Solar cells of which the efficiency is not limited by the Shockley-Queisser limit can be obtained by integrating a luminescent spectral conversion layer into the cell structure. We have calculated the maximum efficiency of state-of-the-art c-Si, pc-Si, a-Si, CdTe, GaAs, CIS, CIGS, CGS, GaSb, and Ge solar cells with and without an integrated...
journal article 2013
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Miwa, J.A. (author), Mol, J.A. (author), Salfi, J. (author), Rogge, S. (author), Simmons, M.Y. (author)
Single phosphorus donors in silicon are promising candidates as qubits in the solid state. Here, we present low temperature scanning probe microscopy and spectroscopy measurements of individual phosphorus dopants deliberately placed in p-type silicon ?1?nm below the surface. The ability to image individual dopants combined with scanning...
journal article 2013
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Zhang, J. (author), Trifunovic, M. (author), Van der Zwan, M. (author), Takagishi, H. (author), Kawajiri, R. (author), Shimoda, T. (author), Beenakker, C.I.M. (author), Ishihara, R. (author)
Solution process of silicon will provide high-speed transistor fabrication with low-cost by, for example, roll-to-roll process. In this paper, a low-temperature process (350?°C) is reported for fabrication of high-quality Si devices on a polyimide substrate from doctor-blade coated liquid-Si. With this method, different semiconductor devices...
journal article 2013
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Mueller, F. (author), Schouten, R.N. (author), Brauns, M. (author), Gang, T. (author), Lim, W.H. (author), Lai, N.S. (author), Dzurak, A.S. (author), Van der Wiel, W.G. (author), Zwanenburg, F.A. (author)
We report the characterisation of printed circuit boards (PCB) metal powder filters and their influence on the effective electron temperature which is as low as 22 mK for a quantum dot in a silicon MOSFET structure in a dilution refrigerator. We investigate the attenuation behaviour (10 MHz–20 GHz) of filter made of four metal powders with a...
journal article 2013
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Tan, H. (author), Sivec, L. (author), Yan, B. (author), Santbergen, R. (author), Zeman, M. (author), Smets, A.H.M. (author)
We show experimentally that the photocurrent of thin-film hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon (?c-Si:H) solar cells can be enhanced by 4.5?mA/cm2 with a plasmonic back reflector (BR). The light trapping performance is improved using plasmonic BR with broader angular scattering and lower parasitic absorption loss through tuning the size of...
journal article 2013
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Van den Ende, D.A. (author), Fischer, H.R. (author), Groen, W.A. (author), Van der Zwaag, S. (author)
The meso-scale surface roughness of piezoelectric fiber composites can be manipulated by applying an electric field to a piezocomposite with a polished surface. In the absence of an applied voltage, the tips of the embedded piezoelectric ceramic fibers are below the surface of the piezocomposite and a silicon wafer counter surface rests solely...
journal article 2013
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Dogan, I. (author), Kramer, N.J. (author), Westermann, R.H.J. (author), Dohnalova, K. (author), Smets, A.H.M. (author), Verheijen, M.A. (author), Greogorkiewicz, T. (author), Van de Sanden, M.C.M. (author)
We demonstrate a method for synthesizing free standing silicon nanocrystals in an argon/silane gas mixture by using a remote expanding thermal plasma. Transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy measurements reveal that the distribution has a bimodal shape consisting of two distinct groups of small and large silicon nanocrystals with...
journal article 2013
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Demontis, V. (author), Sanna, C. (author), Melskens, J. (author), Santbergen, R. (author), Smets, A.H.M. (author), Damiano, A. (author), Zeman, M. (author)
Thin oxide interlayers are commonly added to the back reflector of thin-film silicon solar cells to increase their current. To gain more insight in the enhancement mechanism, we tested different back reflector designs consisting of aluminium-doped zinc oxide (ZnO:Al) and/or hydrogenated silicon oxide (SiOx:H) interlayers with different metals ...
journal article 2013
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