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Pieters, B.E. (author), Stiebig, H. (author), Zeman, M. (author), Van Swaaij, R.A.C.M.M. (author)
Microcrystalline silicon (?c-Si:H) is a promising material for application in multijunction thin-film solar cells. A detailed analysis of the optoelectronic properties is impeded by its complex microstructural properties. In this work we will focus on determining the mobility gap of ?c-Si:H material. Commonly a value of 1.1?eV is found, similar...
journal article 2009
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Pujada, B.R. (author), Tichelaar, F.D. (author), Arnoldbik, W.M. (author), Sloof, W.G. (author), Janssen, G.C.A.M. (author)
Growth stress in tungsten carbide-diamond-like carbon coatings, sputter deposited in a reactive argon/acetylene plasma, has been studied as a function of the acetylene partial pressure. Stress and microstructure have been investigated by wafer curvature and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) whereas composition and energy distribution...
journal article 2009
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Weis, C.D. (author), Schuh, A. (author), Batra, A. (author), Persaud, A. (author), Rangelow, I.W. (author), Bokor, J. (author), Lo, C.C. (author), Cabrini, S. (author), Sideras-Haddad, E. (author), Fuchs, G.D. (author), Hanson, R. (author), Awschalom, D.D. (author), Schenkel, T. (author)
The ability to inject dopant atoms with high spatial resolution, flexibility in dopant species, and high single ion detection fidelity opens opportunities for the study of dopant fluctuation effects and the development of devices in which function is based on the manipulation of quantum states in single atoms, such as proposed quantum computers....
journal article 2008
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Zwanenburg, F.A. (author)
The research in this thesis is motivated by an interest in quantum physics and by the prospect of new applications based on the spin of electrons or holes. This work focuses on confining single spins in quantum dots, which can serve as building blocks of a future quantum computer. Such a computer exploits the unique features of quantum mechanics...
doctoral thesis 2008
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Matsuki, N. (author), Ishihara, R. (author), Baiano, A. (author), Beenakker, C.I.M. (author)
We used scanning capacitance microscopy (SCM) to investigate the electrical activity of grain boundaries consisting of random and coincidence-site-lattice (CSL) boundaries in location-controlled silicon islands, which were fabricated using the ?-Czochralski process with an excimer laser. The SCM results suggest that the electrical activity of...
journal article 2008
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Brasser, H.J. (author), Krijger, G.C. (author), Wolterbeek, H.T. (author)
Silicon is involved in numerous important structural and functional roles in a wide range of organisms, including diatoms, plants, and humans, but clear mechanisms have been discovered only in diatoms and sponges. Silicate availability influences metal concentrations within various cell- and tissue-types, but a mechanism has not been discovered...
journal article 2008
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Pavlov, S.G. (author), Hübers, H.W. (author), Böttger, U. (author), Zhukavin, R.K. (author), Shastin, V.N. (author), Hovenier, J.N. (author), Redlich, B. (author), Abrosimov, N.V. (author), Riemann, H. (author)
Raman-type stimulated emission at frequencies between 5.0 and 5.2?THz as well as between 6.1 and 6.4?THz has been realized in silicon crystals doped by phosphorus donors. The Raman laser operates at around 5?K under optical excitation by a pulsed, frequency-tunable infrared free electron laser. The frequencies of the observed laser emission are...
journal article 2008
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Civale, Y. (author), Nanver, L.K. (author), Alberici, S.G. (author), Gammon, A. (author), Kelly, I. (author)
A procedure has been implemented for a quantitative aluminum-doping profiling of µm-scale aluminum-induced solid-phase-epitaxy (SPE) Si islands formed at 400°C. The aluminum concentration was measured to be 1–2×1019 cm?3, which is about 10 times higher than previously reported electrical activation levels. The elemental concentration was...
journal article 2008
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Kalmanovitz, N.R. (author), Hoxha, I. (author), Jin, Y. (author), Vitkalov, S.A. (author), Sarachik, M.P. (author), Larkin, I.A. (author), Klapwijk, T.M. (author)
journal article 2008
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Zhukavin, R.K. (author), Shastin, V.N. (author), Pavlov, S.G. (author), Hübers, H.W. (author), Hovenier, J.N. (author), Klaassen, T.O. (author), Van der Meer, A.F.G. (author)
Small signal gain measurements of optically excited terahertz silicon lasers are reported. Two types of lasers, Si:P and Si:Bi, were investigated. They were optically excited with radiation from a free electron laser or a CO2 laser. The experiments were performed with an oscillator-amplifier scheme where one sample serves as a laser while the...
journal article 2007
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Yan, F. (author), Migliorato, P. (author), Ishihara, R. (author)
The influence of twin boundaries on the characteristics of single grain-silicon thin film transistors has been analyzed by three-dimensional simulation. The simulations show that the orientation and the location of a twin boundary could affect the field-effect mobility and the leakage current of a device. The field-effect mobility increases with...
journal article 2007
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Yan, B. (author), Pham, H.T.M. (author), Ma, Y. (author), Zhuang, Y. (author), Sarro, P.M. (author)
The authors demonstrate a method for the fabrication of in situ ultrathin porous anodic aluminum oxide layers (aspect ratio<2:1) on Si, which can be directly used as templates for nanodot preparation and for pattern transfer. The regular shape of the aluminum oxide pores is maintained even when the thickness of the aluminum oxide template is...
journal article 2007
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Lau, G.K. (author), Goosen, J.F.L. (author), Van Keulen, F. (author), Chu Duc, T. (author), Sarro, P.M. (author)
A powerful and effective design of a polymeric thermal microactuator is presented. The design has SU-8 epoxy layers filled and bonded in a meandering silicon (Si) microstructure. The silicon microstructure reinforces the SU-8 layers by lateral restraint. It also improves the transverse thermal expansion coefficient and heat transfer for the...
journal article 2007
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Lazic, I. (author), Ikonic, Z. (author), Milanovic, V. (author), Kelsall, R.W. (author), Indjin, D. (author), Harrison, P. (author)
An electron transport model in n-Si/SiGe quantum cascade or superlattice structures is described. The model uses the electronic structure calculated within the effective-mass complex-energy framework, separately for perpendicular (Xz) and in-plane (Xxy) valleys, the degeneracy of which is lifted by strain, and additionally by size quantization....
journal article 2007
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Sellier, H. (author), Lansbergen, G.P. (author), Caro, J. (author), Rogge, S. (author), Collaert, N. (author), Ferain, I. (author), Jurczak, M. (author), Biesemans, S. (author)
The authors investigate the subthreshold behavior of triple-gate silicon field-effect transistors by low-temperature transport experiments. These three-dimensional nanoscale devices consist of a lithographically defined silicon nanowire surrounded by a gate with an active region as small as a few tens of nanometers down to 50×60×35?nm3....
journal article 2007
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Fischer, A.C. (author), Steinebach, O.M. (author), Timmermans, K.R. (author), Wolterbeek, H.T. (author)
journal article 2007
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He, M. (author), Ishihara, R. (author), Metselaar, W. (author), Beenakker, K. (author)
Strong preference for (100) surface and in-plane orientations has been observed in polycrystalline silicon film on SiO2 after crystallization with multiple excimer laser pulses. Laser induced periodic surface structure (LIPSS) is developed in the film, constructing self-assembled square-shaped grains. The clear texture can be observed in a...
journal article 2006
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Klaver, A. (author), Nádaždy, V. (author), Zeman, M. (author), Swaaiij, R.A.C.M.M. (author)
We present a study of changes in the defect density of states in hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) due to high-energy electron irradiation using charged deep-level transient spectroscopy. It was found that defect states near the conduction band were removed, while in other band gap regions the defect-state density increased. A similar...
journal article 2006
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Yan, F. (author), Migliorato, P. (author), Ishihara, R. (author)
The transient properties of single grain–thin film transistors (SG-TFTs) with high electron mobility have been studied. Overshoot current induced by trap states has been observed in most of the devices. A method of ac measurements has been used to investigate the trap processes. Both transient and ac measurements show that the response of some...
journal article 2006
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Kessels, M.J.H. (author), Bijkerk, F. (author), Tichelaar, F.D. (author), Verhoeven, J. (author)
We developed and demonstrate an analysis method in which we calibrate the intensity scale of cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) using Cu K? reflectometry. This results in quantitative in-depth density profiles of multilayer structures. Only three free parameters are needed to obtain the calibrated profiles, corresponding to...
journal article 2005
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