Searched for: department:"Biomechanical%5C%2BEngineering"
(1 - 10 of 10)
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Meskers, C.G.M. (author), De Groot, J. (author), De Vlugt, E. (author), Schouten, A.C. (author)
Progress in diagnosis and treatment of movement disorders after neurological diseases like stroke, cerebral palsy (CP), dystonia and at old age requires understanding of the altered capacity to adequately respond to physical obstacles in the environment. With posture and movement disorders, the control of muscles is hampered, resulting in...
journal article 2015
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Van der Krogt, H. (author), Klomp, A. (author), De Groot, J.H. (author), De Vlugt, E. (author), Van der Helm, F.C.T. (author), Meskers, C.G.M. (author), Arendzen, J.H. (author)
Background: Understanding movement disorder after stroke and providing targeted treatment for post stroke patients requires valid and reliable identification of biomechanical (passive) and neural (active and reflexive) contributors. Aim of this study was to assess test-retest reliability of passive, active and reflexive parameters and to...
journal article 2015
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De Gooijer-van de Groep, K.L. (author), De Vlugt, E. (author), De Groot, J.H. (author), Van der Heijden-Maessen, H.C.M. (author), Wielheesen, D.H.M. (author), Van Wijlen-Hempel, R.M.S. (author), Arendzen, J.H. (author), Meskers, C.G.M. (author)
Background Spastic paresis in cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by increased joint stiffness that may be of neural origin, i.e. improper muscle activation caused by e.g. hyperreflexia or non-neural origin, i.e. altered tissue viscoelastic properties (clinically: “spasticity” vs. “contracture”). Differentiation between these components is hard...
journal article 2013
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De Vlugt, E. (author), Van Eesbeek, S. (author), Baines, P. (author), Hilte, J. (author), Meskers, C.G.M. (author), De Groot, J.H. (author)
Muscles behave as elastic springs during the initial strain phase, indicated as short range stiffness (SRS). Beyond a certain amount of strain the muscle demonstrates a more viscous behavior. The strain at which the muscle transits from elastic- to viscous-like behavior is called the elastic limit and is believed to be the result of breakage of...
journal article 2011
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De Vlugt, E. (author), De Groot, J.H. (author), Schenkeveld, K.E. (author), Arendzen, J.H. (author), Van der Helm, F.C.T. (author), Meskers, C.G.M. (author)
Quantifying increased joint resistance into its contributing factors i.e. stiffness and viscosity ("hypertonia") and stretch reflexes ("hyperreflexia") is important in stroke rehabilitation. Existing clinical tests, such as the Ashworth Score, do not permit discrimination between underlying tissue and reflexive (neural) properties. We propose an...
journal article 2010
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Van der Meer, J.N. (author), Schouten, A.C. (author), Bour, L.J. (author), De Vlugt, E. (author), Van Rootselaar, A.F. (author), Van der Helm, F.C.T. (author), Tijssen, M.A.J. (author)
In dystonia, both sensory malfunctioning and an abnormal intermuscular low-frequency drive of 3–7 Hz have been found, although cause and eVect are unknown. It is hypothesized that sensory processing is primarily disturbed and induces this drive. Accordingly, experimenter-controlled sensory input should be able to inXuence the frequency of the...
journal article 2010
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Meskers, C.G.M. (author), Schouten, A.C. (author), De Groot, J.H. (author), De Vlugt, E. (author), Van Hilten, B.J.J. (author), Van der Helm, F.C.T. (author), Arendzen, H.J.H. (author)
Background Instead of hyper-reflexia as sole paradigm, post-stroke movement disorders are currently considered the result of a complex interplay between neuronal and muscular properties, modified by level of activity. We used a closed loop system identification technique to quantify individual contributors to wrist joint stiffness during an...
journal article 2009
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Schuurmans, J. (author), De Vlugt, E. (author), Schouten, A.C. (author), Meskers, C.G. (author), De Groot, J.H. (author), Van der Helm, F.C.T. (author)
Sudden stretch of active muscle typically results in two characteristic electromyographic responses: the short latency M1 and the long latency M2. The M1 response originates from the monosynaptic Ia afferent reflex pathway. The M2 response is less well understood and is likely a compound response to different afferent inputs mediated by spinal...
journal article 2009
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Schouten, A.C. (author), De Vlugt, E. (author), Van der Helm, F.C.T. (author)
This study aimed to identify the functional contribution of reflexes to human motor control during posture maintenance. Continuous random force disturbances were applied at the hand while the subjects were instructed to minimize the deviation resulting from the force disturbances. The results were analyzed in the frequency domain with frequency...
journal article 2008
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Schouten, A.C. (author), De Vlugt, E. (author), Van Hilten, J.J. (author), Van der Helm, F.C. (author)
This study aimed to analyse the dynamic properties of the muscle spindle feedback system of shoulder muscles during a posture task. External continuous force disturbances were applied at the hand while subjects had to minimize their hand displacements. The results were analysed using two frequency response functions (FRFs) from which the model...
journal article 2008
Searched for: department:"Biomechanical%5C%2BEngineering"
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