Searched for: department:"Electrical%5C%2BSustainable%5C%2BEnergy"
(1 - 15 of 15)
document
Zhang, D. (author)
It has been predicted that due to the population growth the energy demand is increasing faster and faster. It has been well recognized that depleting fossil-fuel resources will not fulfill the energy need of the future world. Not to mention the problem of global warming caused by its combustion, and of energy security as a result of geopolitical...
doctoral thesis 2015
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Han, L. (author)
Long term concerns about climate change and fossil fuel depletion will require a transition towards energy systems powered by solar radiation or other renewable sources. Novel concepts based on silicon materials and devices are investigated for applications in the next generation photovoltaic (PV) devices and photoelectrochemical (PEC) water...
doctoral thesis 2015
document
Tan, H. (author), Sivec, L. (author), Yan, B. (author), Santbergen, R. (author), Zeman, M. (author), Smets, A.H.M. (author)
We show experimentally that the photocurrent of thin-film hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon (?c-Si:H) solar cells can be enhanced by 4.5?mA/cm2 with a plasmonic back reflector (BR). The light trapping performance is improved using plasmonic BR with broader angular scattering and lower parasitic absorption loss through tuning the size of...
journal article 2013
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Demontis, V. (author), Sanna, C. (author), Melskens, J. (author), Santbergen, R. (author), Smets, A.H.M. (author), Damiano, A. (author), Zeman, M. (author)
Thin oxide interlayers are commonly added to the back reflector of thin-film silicon solar cells to increase their current. To gain more insight in the enhancement mechanism, we tested different back reflector designs consisting of aluminium-doped zinc oxide (ZnO:Al) and/or hydrogenated silicon oxide (SiOx:H) interlayers with different metals ...
journal article 2013
document
Isabella, O. (author)
Solar energy can fulfil mankind’s energy needs and secure a more balanced distribution of primary sources of energy. Wafer-based and thin-film silicon solar cells dominate todays’ photovoltaic market because silicon is a non-toxic and abundant material and high conversion efficiencies are achieved with silicon-based solar cells. To stay...
doctoral thesis 2013
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Jäger, K. (author), Fischer, M. (author), Van Swaaij, R.A.C.M.M. (author), Zeman, M. (author)
We present a scattering model based on the scalar scattering theory that allows estimating far field scattering properties in both transmission and reflection for nano-textured interfaces. We first discuss the theoretical formulation of the scattering model and validate it for nano-textures with different morphologies. Second, we combine the...
journal article 2012
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Kind, R. (author), Van Swaaij, R.A.C.M.M. (author), Rubinelli, F.A. (author), Solntsev, S. (author), Zeman, M. (author)
The performance of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) p-i-n solar cells is limited, as they contain a relatively high concentration of defects. The dark current voltage (JV) characteristics at low forward voltages of these devices are dominated by recombination processes. The recombination rate depends on the concentration of active...
journal article 2011
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Schulte, M. (author), Bittkau, K. (author), Jäger, K. (author), Ermes, M. (author), Zeman, M. (author), Pieters, B.E. (author)
Textured interfaces in thin-film silicon solar cells improve the efficiency by light scattering. A technique to get experimental access to the angular intensity distribution (AID) at textured interfaces of the transparent conductive oxide (TCO) and silicon is introduced. Measurements are performed on a sample with polished microcrystalline...
journal article 2011
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Solntsev, S. (author), Zeman, M. (author)
In thin-film silicon solar cells (TFSC) efficient light management is essential in order to increase energy conversion efficiency. The application of nano-scale periodic gratings (PG) is a promising method to enhance absorption in the absorber layers of TFSC since they can efficiently scatter the incident light. Carefully designed gratings give...
journal article 2011
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Lipovšek, B. (author), Kr?, J. (author), Isabella, O. (author), Zeman, M. (author), Topi?, M. (author)
Diffusive dielectric materials such as white paint have been demonstrated as effective back reflectors in the photovoltaic technology. In this work, a one-dimensional (1D) optical modeling approach for simulation of white paint films is developed and implemented in a 1D optical simulator for thin-film solar cells. The parameters of white paint,...
journal article 2010
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Isabella, O. (author), Kr?, J. (author), Zeman, M. (author)
Substrates with a modulated surface texture were prepared by combining different interface morphologies. The spatial frequency surface representation method is used to evaluate the surface modulation. When combining morphologies with appropriate geometrical features, substrates exhibit an increased scattering level in a broad wavelength region....
journal article 2010
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Westra, J.M. (author), Vavrunkova, V. (author), Sutta, P. (author), Van Swaaij, R.A.C.M.M. (author), Zeman, M. (author)
Thin-film poly-crystalline silicon (poly c-Si) on glass obtained by crystallization of an amorphous silicon (a-Si) film is a promising material for low cost, high efficiency solar cells. Our approach to obtain this material is to crystallize a-Si films on glass by solid phase crystallization (SPC). As the grain size of SPC poly c-Si films will...
journal article 2010
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Krc, J. (author), Zeman, M. (author), Luxembourg, S.L. (author), Topic, M. (author)
A concept of a modulated one-dimensional photonic-crystal (PC) structure is introduced as a back reflector for thin-film solar cells. The structure comprises two PC parts, each consisting of layers of different thicknesses. Using layers of amorphous silicon and amorphous silicon nitride a reflectance close to 100% is achieved over a broad...
journal article 2009
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Pieters, B.E. (author), Stiebig, H. (author), Zeman, M. (author), Van Swaaij, R.A.C.M.M. (author)
Microcrystalline silicon (?c-Si:H) is a promising material for application in multijunction thin-film solar cells. A detailed analysis of the optoelectronic properties is impeded by its complex microstructural properties. In this work we will focus on determining the mobility gap of ?c-Si:H material. Commonly a value of 1.1?eV is found, similar...
journal article 2009
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Khan, R.U.A. (author), Silva, S.R.P. (author), Van Swaaij, R.A.C.M.M. (author)
Amorphous carbon (a-C) has been shown to be intrinsically p-type, and polymeric a-C (PAC) possesses a wide Tauc band gap of 2.6 eV. We have replaced the p-type amorphous silicon carbide layer of a standard amorphous silicon solar cell with an intrinsic ultrathin layer of PAC. The thickness of the p layer had to be reduced from 9 to 2.5 nm in...
journal article 2003
Searched for: department:"Electrical%5C%2BSustainable%5C%2BEnergy"
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