Searched for: department%3A%22Microelectronics%22
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Romijn, J. (author)
doctoral thesis 2022
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Choi, Woojun (author), Angevare, J. (author), Park, Injun (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Chae, Youngcheol (author)
This article presents an energy-efficient dual- RC frequency reference intended for wireless sensor nodes. It consists of a digital frequency-locked loop (FLL) in which the frequency of a digitally controlled oscillator (DCO) is locked to a temperature-independent phase shift derived from two different RC poly-phase filters (PPFs). Phase...
journal article 2022
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Rooijers, C.T. (author), Huijsing, J.H. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article describes an auto-zero stabilized voltage buffer that achieves low offset and low noise with sub-pA input current. A high gain stabilization loop is used to periodically cancel the buffer’s offset. The loop itself is periodically disconnected from the buffer and auto-zeroed, during which its bandwidth is reduced to reduce the...
journal article 2022
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Someya, T. (author), Van Hoek, Vincent (author), Angevare, J. (author), Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a 210nW BJT-based temperature sensor that achieves an inaccuracy of ±0.15°C (3s) from -15°C to 85°C. A dual-mode front-end (FE), which combines a bias circuit and a BJT core, halves the power needed to generate well-defined CTAT (VBE) and PTAT (?VBE) voltages. The use of a tracking ?S ADC reduces FE signal swing and...
conference paper 2022
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Tang, Z. (author), Brito Zamparette, R.L. (author), Furuta, Yoshikazu (author), Nezuka, Tomohiro (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article presents a versatile shunt-based current sensor for battery management applications. It digitizes the current-induced voltage drop across an external shunt resistor with the help of a 2 nd -order delta-sigma ( ΔΣ ) ADC, whose summing node is implemented as a low-noise capacitively coupled amplifier. To compensate for the shunt’s...
journal article 2022
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Zhang, H. (author), Berkhout, Marco (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Fan, Q. (author)
This article presents a class-D amplifier (CDA) with high dynamic range (DR). To eliminate the typically dominant noise contribution of a resistive feedback network, the input and feedback signals are chopped and applied to a capacitive feedback network. However, this leads to high-voltage (HV) transients at the input of the loop filter,...
journal article 2022
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Karmakar, S. (author), Berkhout, Marco (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Fan, Q. (author)
This article presents a Class-D audio amplifier for capacitive piezoelectric speaker loads. Employing a dual voltage feedback (VFB)/current feedback (CFB) topology, the amplifier is capable of damping LC resonance without using an external damping resistor, therefore reducing system power consumption, cost, and size. Additional power savings are...
journal article 2022
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Romijn, J. (author), Vollebregt, S. (author), Middelburg, L.M. (author), el Mansouri, B. (author), van Zeijl, H.W. (author), May, Alexander (author), Erlbacher, Tobias (author), Leijtens, Johan (author), Zhang, Kouchi (author), Sarro, Pasqualina M (author)
This work demonstrates the first on-chip UV optoelectronic integration in 4H-SiC CMOS, which includes an image sensor with 64 active pixels and a total of 1263 transistors on a 100 mm2 chip. The reported image sensor offers serial digital, analog, and 2-bit ADC outputs and operates at 0.39 Hz with a maximum power consumption of 60 μW, which are...
journal article 2022
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Campos de Oliveira, A. (author), Pan, Sining (author), Wiegerink, Remco J. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article presents a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) Coriolis-based mass-flow-to-digital converter (Φ DC) that can be used with both liquids and gases. It consists of a micromachined Coriolis mass flow sensor and a CMOS interface circuit that drives it into oscillation and digitizes the resulting mass flow information. A phase-locked...
journal article 2022
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Ji, X. (author), van Zeijl, H.W. (author), Romijn, J. (author), van Ginkel, H.J. (author), Liu, X. (author), Zhang, Kouchi (author)
The continuous trend to integrate more multi-functions in a package often involves, Heterogeneous Integration of multi-functional blocks in some kind of 3D stacking. The conventional flip chip for die-on-substrate technology applies solder for integration. However, solder joint integration has the disadvantages of restricting height, reflow...
conference paper 2022
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Brito Zamparette, R.L. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This letter presents a low-power, fully integrated current sensor for Coulomb-counting. It employs a hybrid delta–sigma modulator ( ΔΣM ) with an FIR-DAC to digitize the voltage drop across a shunt. The modulator’s first stage consists of a capacitively coupled chopper amplifier, which enables a beyond-the-rails (−0.3 to 5 V) input common...
journal article 2022
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Seskir, Zeki C. (author), Migdał, Piotr (author), Weidner, Carrie (author), Anupam, Aditya (author), Case, Nicky (author), Davis, Noah (author), Decaroli, Chiara (author), Ercan, İlke (author), Foti, Caterina (author)
We provide an extensive overview of a wide range of quantum games and interactive tools that have been employed by the quantum community in recent years. We present selected tools as described by their developers, including "Hello Quantum, Hello Qiskit, Particle in a Box, Psi and Delta, QPlayLearn, Virtual Lab by Quantum Flytrap, Quantum...
journal article 2022
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Mehrotra, Shubham (author), Eland, Efraim (author), Karmakar, S. (author), Liu, Angqi (author), Gonen, B. (author), Bolatkale, M. (author), Van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a continuous-Time zoom ADC for audio applications. It combines a 4-bit noise-shaping coarse SAR ADC and a fine delta-sigma modulator with a tail-resistor linearized OTA for improved linearity, energy efficiency, and handling of out-of-band interferers compared to previous designs. In 160 nm CMOS, the prototype chip...
conference paper 2022
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Gürleyük, C. (author), Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article presents a 16-MHz RC frequency reference implemented in a standard 180-nm CMOS process. It consists of a frequency-locked loop (FLL) in which the output frequency of a digitally controlled oscillator (DCO) is locked to the frequency-phase characteristic of a Wien bridge RC filter. Since it is made from on-chip resistors and...
journal article 2022
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Zhang, H. (author), Berkhout, Marco (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Fan, Q. (author)
Class-D amplifiers (CDAs) are often used in audio applications due to their superior power efficiency. Due to the sensitivity of the human ear, a large dynamic range (DR) is desired, and audio DACs with up to 130dB DR are commercially available [1]. However, the DR of the CDAs they drive is typically much lower [2]-[4], mainly due to the...
conference paper 2022
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Tang, Z. (author), Brito Zamparette, R.L. (author), Furuta, Yoshikazu (author), Nezuka, Tomohiro (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
Accurate current sensing is critical in many industrial applications, such as battery management and motor control. Precise shunt-based current sensors have been reported with gain errors of less than 1% over the industrial temperature range (-40°C to 85°C) [1]–[4]. However, since they are intended for coulomb counting, their bandwidth is...
conference paper 2022
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Campos de Oliveira, A. (author), Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
Flow sensors with high resolution (<200g/h/surdHz) and low offset drift (<pm 0.4mg/h) are essential in many microfluidic applications, such as flow cytometry and biological/chemical assays. Although thermal flow sensors can meet these specifications [1], [2], they measure flow velocity, so their calibration is fluid specific. Coriolis...
conference paper 2022
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Karmakar, S. (author), Berkhout, Marco (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Fan, Q. (author)
Piezoelectric speakers are gaining popularity on account of their improving form-factor and audio quality, making them a good fit for many audio applications such as in televisions, laptops, etc. Such speakers can be modelled as a large capacitive load, and so are typically driven by a Class-AB amplifier via a series resistor that ensures driver...
conference paper 2022
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Someya, T. (author), Van Hoek, Vincent (author), Angevare, J. (author), Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This letter describes an NPN-based temperature sensor that achieves a 1-point trimmed inaccuracy of ±0.15 °C (3σ) from -15 to 85 °C while dissipating only 210 nW. It uses a dual-mode frontend to roughly halve the power consumption of conventional frontends. First, two NPNs are used to generate a well-defined PTAT bias current, then this...
journal article 2022
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van Ginkel, H.J. (author), Orvietani, M. (author), Romijn, J. (author), Zhang, Kouchi (author), Vollebregt, S. (author)
In this work, a novel microfabrication-compatible production process is demonstrated and used to fabricate UV photoresistors made from ZnO nanoparticles. It comprises a simple room-temperature production method for synthesizing and direct-writing nanoparticles. The method can be used on a wide range of surfaces and print a wide range of...
conference paper 2022
Searched for: department%3A%22Microelectronics%22
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