Searched for: department:"Microelectronics"
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Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
Energy efficiency and accuracy are important specifications of CMOS temperature sensors. BJT -based sensors achieve state-of-the-art accuracy [1], while Wheatstone-bridge (WhB) sensors achieve lower accuracy but state-of-the-art energy efficiency [2], [3]. This paper presents a WhB sensor that is read out by an energy-efficient continuous...
conference paper 2020
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Lee, Yongtae (author), Choi, Woojun (author), Kim, Taewoong (author), Song, Seungwoo (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Chae, Youngcheol (author)
This letter describes a compact resistor-based temperature sensor intended for the thermal monitoring of microprocessors and DRAMs. It consists of an RC poly phase filter (PPF) that is read out by a frequency-locked loop (FLL) based on a dual zero-crossing (ZC) detection scheme. The sensor,fabricated in 65-nm CMOS,occupies 5800 μm<sup>2</sup>...
conference paper 2019
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Angevare, J.A. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes a compact resistor-based temperature sensor that has been realized in a 180-nm CMOS process. It occupies only 6800 μ m<sup>2</sup>, thanks to the use of a highly digital voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO)-based phase-domain sigma-delta modulator, whose loop filter consists of a compact digital counter. Despite its small...
journal article 2019
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Hussaini, Said (author), Jiang, H. (author), Walsh, Paul (author), MacSweeney, Dermot (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a readout IC that uses an asynchronous capacitance-to-digital-converter (CDC) to digitize the capacitance of a touch sensor. A power-efficient tracking algorithm ensures that the CDC consumes negligible power consumption in the absence of touch events. To facilitate its use in wake-on-touch applications, the CDC can be...
journal article 2019
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Jiang, H. (author), Nihtianov, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes an energy-efficient bridge readout IC (ROIC), which consists of a capacitively coupled instrumentation amplifier (CCIA) that drives a continuous-time delta–sigma modulator (CTM). By exploiting the CCIA’s ability<br/>to block dc common-mode voltages, the bridge’s bias voltage may exceed the ROIC’s supply voltage, allowing...
journal article 2019
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Lee, Yongtae (author), Choi, Woojun (author), Kim, Taewoong (author), Song, Seungwoo (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Chae, Youngcheol (author)
This letter describes a compact resistor-based temperature sensor intended for the thermal monitoring of microprocessors and DRAMs. It consists of an RC poly phase filter (PPF) that is read out by a frequency-locked loop (FLL) based on a dual zero-crossing (ZC) detection scheme. The sensor, fabricated in 65-nm CMOS, occupies 5800 μm 2 and...
journal article 2019
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ten Veldhuis, Marie-claire (author), Uijlenhoet, R. (author), Schmitz, Jurriaan (author), Smolders, Bart (author), Nauta, Bram (author), Baltus, Peter (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Steeneken, P.G. (author)
poster 2019
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Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes a compact, energy efficient, resistor-based temperature sensor that can operate over a wide temperature range (-55 °C-125 °C). The sensor is based on a Wheatstone bridge (WhB) made from silicided poly-silicon and non-silicided poly-silicon resistors. To achieve both area and energy efficiencies, the current output of the WhB...
journal article 2018
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Chaturvedi, V. (author), Vogel, J.G. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Nihtianov, S. (author)
This paper presents an eddy-current sensor (ECS) interface intended for sub-nanometer (sub-nm) displacement sensing in hi-tech applications. The interface employs a 126-MHz excitation frequency to mitigate the skin effect, and achieve high resolution and stability. An efficient on-chip sensor offset compensation scheme is introduced which...
journal article 2018
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Gürleyük, C. (author), Pedala', L. (author), Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Sebastiano, F. (author)
This paper presents a 7-MHz CMOS RC frequency reference. It consists of a frequency-locked loop in which the output frequency of a digitally controlled oscillator (DCO) is locked to the combined phase shifts of two independent RC (Wien bridge) filters, each employing resistors with complementary temperature coefficients. The filters are driven...
journal article 2018
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Xu, L. (author), Huijsing, J.H. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a fully integrated shunt-based current sensor that supports a 25-V input common-mode range while operating from a single 1.5-V supply. It uses a highvoltage beyond-the-rails ADC to directly digitize the voltage across an on-chip shunt resistor. To compensate for the shunt’s large temperature coefficient of resistance (∼0.335%...
journal article 2018
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Xu, L. (author), Heidary Shalmany, S. (author), Huijsing, J.H. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This letter presents the most accurate shunt-based high-side current sensor ever reported. It achieves a 25 V input common-mode range from a single 1.8-V supply by using a beyond-the-rails ADC. A hybrid analog/digital temperature compensation scheme is proposed to simplify the circuit implementation while maintaining the state-of-the-art...
journal article 2018
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Jiang, H. (author), Ligouras, C. (author), Nihtianov, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
When chopping is applied to a continuous-time sigmadelta modulator (CTΣΔM), quantization noise fold-back often occurs, leading to increased in-band noise. This can be prevented by employing a return-to-zero (RZ) digital-to-analog converter (RZ DAC) in the modulator's feedback path and arranging the chopping transitions to coincide with its RZ...
journal article 2018
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Choi, Woojun (author), Lee, Yongtae (author), Kim, Seonhong (author), Lee, Sanghoon (author), Jang, Jieun (author), Chun, Junhyun (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Chae, Youngcheol (author)
This paper presents a compact resistor-based CMOS temperature sensor intended for dense thermal monitoring. It is based on an RC poly-phase filter (PPF), whose temperature-dependent phase shift is read out by a frequency-locked loop (FLL). The PPF's phase shift is determined by a zero-crossing (ZC) detector, allowing the rest of the FLL to be...
journal article 2018
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Akter, S. (author), Sehgal, R.K. (author), van der Goes, Frank (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Bult, K. (author)
This paper presents a closed-loop class-AB residue amplifier for pipelined analog-to-digital converters (ADCs). It consists of a push-pull structure with a ``split-capacitor'' biasing circuit that enhances its power efficiency. The amplifier is inherently quite linear, and so incomplete settling can be used to save power while still...
journal article 2018
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Karmakar, S. (author), Gonen, B. (author), Sebastiano, F. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a dynamic zoom analog-to-digital converter for use in low-bandwidth (&amp;lt;1 kHz) instrumentation applications. It employs a high-speed asynchronous successive approximation register (SAR) ADC that dynamically updates the references of a fully differential &amp;#x0394; &amp;#x03A3; ADC. Compared to previous zoom ADCs,...
journal article 2018
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Akter, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Bult, K. (author)
This paper presents a new dynamic residue amplifier topology for pipelined analog-to-digital converters. With an input signal of 100 mV<sub>pp,diff</sub> and 4 × gain, it achieves-100-dB total harmonic distortion, the lowest ever reported for a dynamic amplifier. Compared to the state of the art, it exhibits 25 dB better linearity with twice...
journal article 2018
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Cai, Z. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Suy, Hilco (author), de Graaf, G. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Pertijs, M.A.P. (author)
This paper presents a readout circuit for a carbon dioxide (CO&amp;#2082;) sensor that measures the CO&amp;#x2082;-dependent thermal time constant of a hot-wire transducer. The readout circuit periodically heats up the transducer and uses a phase-domain &amp;#x0394; &amp;#x03A3; modulator to digitize the phase shift of the resulting...
journal article 2018
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Pan, S. (author), Luo, Yanquan (author), Heidary Shalmany, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes a high-resolution energy-efficient CMOS temperature sensor, intended for the temperature compensation of MEMS/quartz frequency references. The sensor is based on silicided poly-silicon thermistors, which are embedded in a Wien-bridge RC filter. When driven at a fixed frequency, the filter exhibits a temperature-dependent...
journal article 2018
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Blutman, Kristof (author), Kapoor, Ajay (author), Majumdar, Arjun (author), Martinez, Jacinto Garcia (author), Echeverri, Juan (author), Sevat, Leo (author), van der Wel, Arnoud P. (author), Fatemi, Hamed (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
A 40-nm microcontroller featuring voltage stacked memory and logic is presented. This involved connecting the power domains of the memory and logic in series, such that the ground of one power domain is connected to the positive supply rail of the other. In this paper, an ARM Cortex-M0+ and its peripherals are powered from 0 V to V<sub>DD<...
journal article 2017
Searched for: department:"Microelectronics"
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