Searched for: department%3A%22Urbanism%22
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Tao, Y. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Petrović, A. (author)
Emerging longitudinal research on the relationship between commuting mode and psychological wellbeing draws exclusively from cities in developed countries and the findings are not consistent. Our study contributes to the evidence base from urban China, where rapid urban growth has raised great concerns for urbanites’ commuting problems and...
journal article 2024
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Ubareviciene, Ruta (author), van Ham, M. (author), Tammaru, Tiit (author)
In 1969 Thomas C. Schelling published his paper “Models of Segregation” and in 1971 he published a follow-up paper introducing “Dynamic Models of Segregation”. Schelling's papers developed the theoretical models of interactive dynamics of individual residential choices, resulting in pronounced patterns of residential segregation at the city...
journal article 2024
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Nieuwenhuis, Jaap (author), Best, Matt (author), Vogel, Matt (author), van Ham, M. (author), Branje, Susan (author), Meeus, Wim (author)
An extensive body of research has documented the deleterious effects of community violence on adolescent development and behavior. Much of this research focuses on how exposure to violence structures social interaction, and, ultimately, how it motivates youth to engage in troublesome behavior. This study builds upon this body of research to...
journal article 2023
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Troost, A.A. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Manley, D.J. (author)
Neighbourhood effects studies typically investigate the negative effects on individual outcomes of living in areas with concentrated poverty. The literature rarely pays attention to the potential beneficial effects of living in areas with concentrated affluence. This poverty paradigm might hinder our understanding of spatial context effects....
journal article 2023
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Tao, Y. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Petrović, A. (author), Ta, Na (author)
Research on the experienced utility of commuting time is dominated by an individualistic view of choice concerning the trade-offs between long commutes and job- or housing-related benefits. The widely discussed phenomenon of the commuting paradox shows that individuals systematically report worse subjective wellbeing as commuting time...
journal article 2023
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Silva, Laura (author), Bezzo, Franco Bonomi (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Rationale: Neighbourhood socio-economic deprivation is strongly related to health-risk behaviours, which are predictors of overall health and mortality. During the Covid-19 pandemic, individuals have been forced to spend more time within their residential areas, which might have had an effect on health-risk behaviours. Objective: We assess...
journal article 2023
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Tao, Y. (author), Petrović, A. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Fu, Xingxing (author)
Residential self-selection studies argue that pre-existing travel-related attitude overshadows the role of changes in residential built environment in (re)shaping travel behaviours. Our study contributes to this self-selection argument by including family- and job-related life events as another self-selection source, and accounting for the...
journal article 2023
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Olner, Dan (author), Pryce, Gwilym (author), van Ham, M. (author), Janssen, H.J. (author)
Social frontiers arise when there are sharp differences in the demographic composition of adjacent communities. This paper provides the first quantitative study of their impact on household mobility. We hypothesise that conflicting forces of white flight and territorial allegiance lead to asymmetrical effects, impacting residents on one side of...
journal article 2023
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Tao, Y. (author), Petrović, A. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Working from home (WFH) was prevalent among previous daily commuters during the COVID-19 pandemic and is expected to continue in post-COVID-19 society. By using WFH enforced by the UK government during the pandemic as a real-world experiment, our study investigates the relationship between switching from commuting to WFH, and subjective...
journal article 2023
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Mohamed, Abdelbaseer A. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Identifying the economic potential of informal urban areas is a topic of increasing interest for policymakers and practitioners in less developed countries, yet little is known of how informal street design influences the type and count of business opportunities. By adapting a space syntax framework, this study aims to quantitatively verify...
journal article 2022
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Mohamed, Abdelbaseer A. (author), Ubareviciene, Ruta (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Informal urbanism has been generally studied within social, econmic and political frameworks, yet little is known of how it performs in terms of urban vitality. The aim of this article is to better understand the urban vitality of informal settlements and how they can be improved by using a combined morphological approach that encompasses...
journal article 2022
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Troost, A.A. (author), Janssen, H.J. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Studies of neighbourhood effects increasingly research the neighbourhood histories of individuals. It is difficult to compare the outcomes of these studies as they all use different datasets, conceptualisations and operationalisations of neighbourhood characteristics and outcome variables. This paper contributes to the literature by studying...
journal article 2022
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Andersson, Eva (author), Janssen, Heleen (author), van Ham, M. (author), Malmberg, Bo (author)
Studies of neighbourhood effects typically measure the neighbourhood context at one specific spatial scale. It is increasingly acknowledged, however, that the mechanisms through which the residential context affects individual outcomes may operate at different spatial scales, ranging from the very immediate environment to the metropolitan...
journal article 2022
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Elwageeh, Aya (author), Kleinhans, R.J. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Governments are focusing on building new cities to control rapid urbanization and accommodate overpopulation in Africa. Meanwhile, existing agglomerations suffer from urban deterioration, much to the dissatisfaction of their residents. Cairo is an exemplary case of active residents’ response toward urban deterioration in their neighborhoods,...
journal article 2022
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Petrović, A. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Manley, D.J. (author)
There is no theoretical reason to assume that neighborhood effects operate at a constant single spatial scale across multiple urban settings or over different periods of time. Despite this, many studies use large, single-scale, predefined spatial units as proxies for neighborhoods. Recently, the use of bespoke neighborhoods has challenged the...
journal article 2022
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Tao, Y. (author), Petrović, A. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
The relationship between commuting behaviours and subjective wellbeing has been fascinating scholars of different disciplines. Especially in the last decade, longitudinal research designs have made great progress in identifying causality in the commuting-wellbeing relationship by focusing on within-individual variations over time. However,...
journal article 2022
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Nieuwenhuis, Jaap (author), Kleinepier, Tom (author), Janssen, H.J. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
We studied the relation between cumulative exposure to neighbourhood deprivation and adolescents’ Big Five personality traits, and the moderating role of personality in the relation between neighbourhood deprivation and the development of problem behaviour and educational attainment. We studied 5365 British adolescents from ages 10 to 16,...
journal article 2021
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Yamu, Claudia (author), van Nes, A. (author), Garau, Chiara (author)
Bill Hillier’s space syntax method and theory enables us to describe the spatial properties of a sustainable city. Empirical testing of the space syntax method over time has confirmed the capacity and innovativeness of analyzing spatial relationships with the purpose of understanding and explaining the socio-spatial organization of built...
journal article 2021
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Nieuwenhuis, Jaap (author), Kleinepier, Tom (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Because the demographic composition of neighborhoods and schools overlaps, their effects on educational attainment are not independent of each other. Throughout the early teenage years, the timing and duration of exposure to neighborhood and school contexts can vary, advocating for a longitudinal approach when studying schooling outcomes....
journal article 2021
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Koekkoek, A. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Kleinhans, R.J. (author)
University–community engagement has been implemented by anincreasing number of universities across the world, in a period characterized by growing international competition. The growth of interest in university–community engagement has led to multiple definitions of this term and a high level of complexity in defining what it entails. Using a...
journal article 2021
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