Searched for: department:"Values%2C%5C+Technology%5C+and%5C+Innovation"
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van de Poel, I.R. (author)
In the value sensitive design (VSD) literature, there has been little attention for how values may change during the adoption and use of a sociotechnical system, and what that implies for design. A value change taxonomy is proposed, as well as a number of technical features that allow dealing with value change.
journal article 2018
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Debates on lethal autonomous weapon systems have proliferated in the past 5 years. Ethical concerns have been voiced about a possible raise in the number of wrongs and crimes in military operations and about the creation of a “responsibility gap” for harms caused by these systems. To address these concerns, the principle of “meaningful human...
journal article 2018
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Bruynseels, K.R.C. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Personalized medicine uses fine grained information on individual persons, to pinpoint deviations from the normal. ‘Digital Twins’ in engineering provide a conceptual framework to analyze these emerging data-driven health care practices, as well as their conceptual and ethical implications for therapy, preventative care and human enhancement....
journal article 2018
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van de Poel, I.R. (author), Sand, M. (author)
The notion of responsible innovation suggests that innovators carry additional responsibilities (to society, stakeholders, users) beyond those commonly suggested. In this paper, we will discuss the meaning of these novel responsibilities focusing on two philosophical problems of attributing such responsibilities to innovators. The first is...
journal article 2018
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van de Poel, I.R. (author), Asveld, L. (author), Flipse, S.M. (author), Klaassen, Pim (author), Scholten, V.E. (author), Yaghmaei, E. (author)
Responsible research and innovation (RRI) has become an important topic in the academic community and in policy circles, but it has not yet been systematically included in the innovation process of companies. We discuss how companies can integrate RRI into their corporate social responsibility (CSR) policies and business strategy. To this end...
journal article 2017
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Robaey, Z.H. (author), Spruit, S.L. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author)
The Safe-by-Design approach in synthetic biology holds the promise of designing the building blocks of life in an organism guided by the value of safety. This paves a new way for using biotechnologies safely. However, the Safe-by-Design approach moves the bulk of the responsibility for safety to the actors in the research and development...
journal article 2017
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van de Poel, I.R. (author), Robaey, Z.H. (author)
Safe-by-design (SbD) aims at addressing safety issues already during the R&D and design phases of new technologies. SbD has increasingly become popular in the last few years for addressing the risks of emerging technologies like nanotechnology and synthetic biology. We ask to what extent SbD approaches can deal with uncertainty, in...
journal article 2017
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Helbing, D. (author)
The digital revolution will make data abundant and cheap. Moving from a time of darkness into a digital age with information overload, we will need suitable filters. However, those who build these filters will determine what we see. This creates possibilities to influence people's decisions such that they become remotely controlled rather...
journal article 2017
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Geudon, A.C.P. (author), Spruit, S.L. (author), Wauben, L.S.G.L. (author), van der Elst, M (author), Doorn, N. (author), Dankelman, J. (author), van den Dobbelsteen, J.J. (author), Klein, J. (author)
journal article 2017
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Robbins, S.A. (author), Henschke, A.H. (author)
Transparency is important for liberal democracies; however, the value of transparency is difficult to articulate. In this article we articulate transparency as an instrumental value for providing what we call ensurance and assurance to liberal democratic citizens. Ensurance refers to the property of liberal democracies which prevents it from...
journal article 2017
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van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
In the twenty-first century, the urgent problems the world is facing (the UN Sustainable Development Goals) are increasingly related to vast and intricate ‘systems of systems’, which comprise both socio-technical and eco-systems. In order for engineers to adequately and responsibly respond to these problems, they cannot focus on only one...
journal article 2016
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Doorn, N. (author), Spruit, S.L. (author), Robaey, Z.H. (author)
Technology has always been a vital component of human development, most often aimed at the advancement of human well-being. However, the introduction of new technologies may also introduce harmful consequences. Indeed, we often do not know beforehand the full spectrum of potential impacts and hazards that these new technologies may bring about....
journal article 2016
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Robaey, Z.H. (author)
Genetically modified organisms are a technology now used with increasing frequency in agriculture. Genetically modified seeds have the special characteristic of being living artefacts that can reproduce and spread; thus it is difficult to control where they end up. In addition, genetically modified seeds may also bring about uncertainties for...
journal article 2016
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Scholten, V.E. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author), Cuppen, E.H.W.J. (author), Flipse, S.M. (author)
In today's society a variety of challenges need attention because they are considered to affect our well-being. Many of these challenges can be addressed with new innovations, yet they may also introduce new challenges. Communication of these new innovations is vital. This importance is also addressed by the concept of Responsible Research and...
journal article 2016
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van de Poel, I.R. (author)
How are we to appraise new technological developments that may bring revolutionary social changes? Currently this is often done by trying to predict or anticipate social consequences and to use these as a basis for moral and regulatory appraisal. Such an approach can, however, not deal with the uncertainties and unknowns that are inherent in...
journal article 2016
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Spruit, S.L. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author), Doorn, N. (author)
In recent years, informed consent has been suggested as a way to deal with risks posed by engineered nanomaterials. We argue that while we can learn from experiences with informed consent in treatment and research contexts, we should be aware that informedconsent traditionally pertains to certain features of the relationships between doctors and...
journal article 2016
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Van der Linden, M.J. (author)
journal article 2015
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Van Hulst, B.L. (author), Blank, J.L.T. (author)
Met de ‘ziekte van Baumol’ wordt bedoeld dat de verbetering van de arbeidsproductiviteit in dienstverlenende sectoren doorgaans achterblijft bij die in de rest van de economie. Vooral de publieke sector is vatbaar voor deze aandoening. Een analyse van veertien deelsectoren van de publieke sector met gegevens over een periode van twintig tot...
journal article 2015
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Abban, R. (author), Omta, O. (author), Aheto, K. (author), Scholten, V.E. (author)
Ele Agbe is a Ghanaian phrase meaning “God is alive.” Founded as a small and medium enterprise (SME), in Ghana in 1996, Ele Agbe Company is currently a dynamic business operating in the downstream shea export sector. Demand for shea is increasing for skin and hair products on the foreign market. Ele Agbe’s artisans use traditional Ghanaian tools...
journal article 2015
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Blokland, P.J. (author), Reniers, G.L.L.M.E. (author)
journal article 2015
Searched for: department:"Values%2C%5C+Technology%5C+and%5C+Innovation"
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