Searched for: department:"Values%5C+Technology%5C+and%5C+Innovation"
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Mäs, Michael (author), Helbing, D. (author)
Many sociological theories make critically different macropredictions when their microassumptions are implemented stochastically rather than deterministically. Deviations from individuals’ behavioral patterns described by microtheories can spark cascades that change macrooutcomes, even when deviations are rare and random. With two experiments...
journal article 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author)
Three philosophical perspectives on the relation between technology and society are distinguished and discussed: 1) technology as an autonomous force that determines society; 2) technology as a human construct that can be shaped by human values, and 3) a co-evolutionary perspective on technology and society where neither of them determines...
journal article 2020
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Ortt, J.R. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author), van Putten, David (author), Kamp, L.M. (author)
This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book describes responsible innovation in terms of both the innovation process and the innovation outcome, and in doing so it focuses on historical cases of innovation in large societally relevant technological systems. It illustrates...
book chapter 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author)
book chapter 2020
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Hayes, P.D. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author), Steen, Marc (author)
This article presents a conceptual investigation into the value impacts and relations of algorithms in the domain of justice and security. As a conceptual investigation, it represents one step in a value sensitive design based methodology (not incorporated here are empirical and technical investigations). Here, we explicate and analyse the...
journal article 2020
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de Reuver, G.A. (author), Robbins-van Wynsberghe, A.L. (author), Janssen, M.F.W.H.A. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author)
In this paper, we argue that the characteristics of digital platforms challenge the fundamental assumptions of value sensitive design (VSD). Traditionally, VSD methods assume that we can identify relevant values during the design phase of new technologies. The underlying assumption is that there is only epistemic uncertainty about which...
journal article 2020
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Rajewsky, Nikolaus (author), Almouzni, Geneviève (author), Gorski, Stanislaw A. (author), Aerts, Stein (author), Amit, Ido (author), Bertero, Michela G. (author), Bock, Christoph (author), Bredenoord, Annelien L. (author), Cavalli, Giacomo (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author), al., et. (author)
Here we describe the LifeTime Initiative, which aims to track, understand and target human cells during the onset and progression of complex diseases, and to analyse their response to therapy at single-cell resolution. This mission will be implemented through the development, integration and application of single-cell multi-omics and imaging,...
journal article 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author)
This chapter analyses some of the main values, and values conflicts, in relation to cybersecurity by distinguishing four important value clusters that should be considered when deciding on cybersecurity measures. These clusters are security, privacy, fairness and accountability. Each cluster consists of a range of further values, which can be...
book chapter 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author), Asveld, L. (author), Flipse, S.M. (author), Klaassen, Pim (author), Roosenboom-Kwee, Z. (author), Maia, Maria (author), Mantovani, Elvio (author), Nathan, Christopher (author), Porcari, Andrea (author), Yaghmaei, E. (author)
There is now almost a decade of experience with RRI (Responsible Research and Innovation), including a growing emphasis on RRI in industry. Based on our experiences in the EU-funded project PRISMA, we find that the companies we engaged could be motivated to do RRI, but often only after we first shifted initial assumptions and strategies....
journal article 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author)
Organizations such as the EU High-Level Expert Group on AI and the IEEE have recently formulated ethical principles and (moral) values that should be adhered to in the design and deployment of artificial intelligence (AI). These include respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, fairness, transparency, explainability, and accountability. But how...
journal article 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author), Taebi, B. (author), de Wildt, T.E. (author)
journal article 2020
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van de Kaa, G. (author), Rezaei, J. (author), Taebi, B. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author), Kizhakenath, Abhilash (author)
Proactively including the ethical and societal issues of new technologies could have a positive effect on their acceptance. These issues could be captured in terms of values. In the literature, the values stakeholders deem important for the development of technology have often been identified. However, the relative ranking of these values in...
journal article 2019
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Burggraaf, J.M. (author), Groeneweg, J. (author), Sillem, S. (author), van Gelder, P.H.A.J.M. (author)
The field of safety and incident prevention is becoming more and more data based. Data can help support decision making for a more productive and safer work environment, but only if the data can be, is and should be trusted. Especially with the advance of more data collection of varying quality, checking and judging the data is an...
journal article 2019
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de Wildt, T.E. (author), Chappin, E.J.L. (author), van de Kaa, G. (author), Herder, P.M. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author)
This paper aims to anticipate social acceptance issues related to the deployment of the smart electricity grid by identifying underlying value conflicts. The smart electricity grid is a key enabler of the energy transition. Its successful deployment is however jeopardized by social acceptance issues, such as concerns related to privacy and...
journal article 2019
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Mahieu, R.L.P. (author), van Eck, Nees Jan (author), van Putten, D.C. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Our lives are increasingly intertwined with the digital realm, and with new technology, new ethical problems emerge. The academic field that addresses these problems—which we tentatively call ‘digital ethics’—can be an important intellectual resource for policy making and regulation. This is why it is important to understand how the new...
journal article 2018
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Hazenberg, H.G.G. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author), Cunningham, S. (author), Alfano, M.R. (author), Asghari, H. (author), Sullivan, Emily (author), Ebrahimi Fard, A. (author), Turcios Rodriguez, Elsa (author)
For the period surrounding the 2018 Dutch municipal elections, a team of researchers from the Delft University of Technology investigated the effect of the digital environment on parliamentary democracy. An interdisciplinary group of researchers combined expertise on digital ethics, political theory, big data analytics, the economics of privacy...
report 2018
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van de Poel, I.R. (author)
In the value sensitive design (VSD) literature, there has been little attention for how values may change during the adoption and use of a sociotechnical system, and what that implies for design. A value change taxonomy is proposed, as well as a number of technical features that allow dealing with value change.
journal article 2018
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Bruynseels, K.R.C. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Personalized medicine uses fine grained information on individual persons, to pinpoint deviations from the normal. ‘Digital Twins’ in engineering provide a conceptual framework to analyze these emerging data-driven health care practices, as well as their conceptual and ethical implications for therapy, preventative care and human enhancement....
journal article 2018
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van de Poel, I.R. (author), Sand, M. (author)
The notion of responsible innovation suggests that innovators carry additional responsibilities (to society, stakeholders, users) beyond those commonly suggested. In this paper, we will discuss the meaning of these novel responsibilities focusing on two philosophical problems of attributing such responsibilities to innovators. The first is...
journal article 2018
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Debates on lethal autonomous weapon systems have proliferated in the past 5 years. Ethical concerns have been voiced about a possible raise in the number of wrongs and crimes in military operations and about the creation of a “responsibility gap” for harms caused by these systems. To address these concerns, the principle of “meaningful human...
journal article 2018
Searched for: department:"Values%5C+Technology%5C+and%5C+Innovation"
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