Searched for: department%3A%22Values%255C%2BTechnology%255C%2Band%255C%2BInnovation%22
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van Grunsven, J.B. (author), Roeser, S. (author)
Augmentative and Alternative Communication Technology [AAC Tech] is a relatively young, multidisciplinary field aimed at developing technologies for people who are unable to use their natural speaking voice due to congenital or acquired disability. In this paper, we take a look at the role of AAC Tech in promoting an ‘empathic turn’ in the...
journal article 2021
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Pesch, U. (author)
New technologies will have a big impact on our public life-world, suggesting that it is necessary to have a public debate on innovation. Such a debate is missing: instead of having a debate on the process of technology development, only expected effects of new technologies are discussed. This is undesirable as innovation processes recruit...
journal article 2021
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Wiarda, M.J. (author), van de Kaa, G. (author), Yaghmaei, E. (author), Doorn, N. (author)
Responsible Research and Innovation and Responsible Innovation, as academic endeavours, have grown substantially since their birth in the previous decades. They have been used as synonyms on a structural basis, and both concepts have been studied from various disciplinary backgrounds. This paper identifies Responsible Research and Innovation...
journal article 2021
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Cañizares Gaztelu, J.C. (author), Copeland, S.M. (author), Doorn, N. (author)
While resilience is a major concept in development, climate adaptation, and related do-mains, many doubts remain about how to interpret this term, its relationship with closely overlap-ping terms, or its normativity. One major view is that, while resilience originally was a descriptive concept denoting some adaptive property of ecosystems,...
journal article 2021
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Burggraaf, J.M. (author), Groeneweg, J. (author), Sillem, S. (author), van Gelder, P.H.A.J.M. (author)
Employee behavior plays an important role in the occurrence and prevention of incidents, affecting safety margins. In this study, we examine the potential impact of incidental learning on human behavior in the presence of variation in task design. Incidental learning is the day-to-day on-the-job learning that occurs unintentionally. This...
journal article 2021
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Klenk, M.B.O.T. (author)
The standard way to test alternative descriptive theories of moral judgment is by asking subjects to evaluate (amongst others) sacrificial dilemmas, where acting classifies as a utilitarian moral judgment and not acting classifies as a deontological moral judgment. Previous research uncovered many situational factors that alter subject’s...
journal article 2021
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Klenk, M.B.O.T. (author), Sauer, Hanno (author)
We propose a fundamental challenge to the feasibility of moral progress: most extant theories of progress, we will argue, assume an unrealistic level of cognitive control people must have over their moral judgments for moral progress to occur. Moral progress depends at least in part on the possibility of individual people improving their...
journal article 2021
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Umbrello, S. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author)
Value sensitive design (VSD) is an established method for integrating values into technical design. It has been applied to different technologies and, more recently, to artificial intelligence (AI). We argue that AI poses a number of challenges specific to VSD that require a somewhat modified VSD approach. Machine learning (ML), in particular,...
journal article 2021
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Mäs, Michael (author), Helbing, D. (author)
Many sociological theories make critically different macropredictions when their microassumptions are implemented stochastically rather than deterministically. Deviations from individuals’ behavioral patterns described by microtheories can spark cascades that change macrooutcomes, even when deviations are rare and random. With two experiments...
journal article 2020
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de Reuver, G.A. (author), Robbins-van Wynsberghe, A.L. (author), Janssen, M.F.W.H.A. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author)
In this paper, we argue that the characteristics of digital platforms challenge the fundamental assumptions of value sensitive design (VSD). Traditionally, VSD methods assume that we can identify relevant values during the design phase of new technologies. The underlying assumption is that there is only epistemic uncertainty about which...
journal article 2020
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Rajewsky, Nikolaus (author), Almouzni, Geneviève (author), Gorski, Stanislaw A. (author), Aerts, Stein (author), Amit, Ido (author), Bertero, Michela G. (author), Bock, Christoph (author), Bredenoord, Annelien L. (author), Cavalli, Giacomo (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author), al., et. (author)
Here we describe the LifeTime Initiative, which aims to track, understand and target human cells during the onset and progression of complex diseases, and to analyse their response to therapy at single-cell resolution. This mission will be implemented through the development, integration and application of single-cell multi-omics and imaging,...
journal article 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author)
Organizations such as the EU High-Level Expert Group on AI and the IEEE have recently formulated ethical principles and (moral) values that should be adhered to in the design and deployment of artificial intelligence (AI). These include respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, fairness, transparency, explainability, and accountability. But how...
journal article 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author), Taebi, B. (author), de Wildt, T.E. (author)
journal article 2020
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de Wildt, T.E. (author), Chappin, E.J.L. (author), van de Kaa, G. (author), Herder, P.M. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author)
This paper explores capability conflicts in the deployment of decentralised energy systems and identifies the affected population. These systems have positive societal impacts in terms of sustainability and consumer empowerment, but they are not accessible to all and their deployment may increase socio-economic inequalities. The societal...
journal article 2020
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Hayes, P.D. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author), Steen, Marc (author)
This article presents a conceptual investigation into the value impacts and relations of algorithms in the domain of justice and security. As a conceptual investigation, it represents one step in a value sensitive design based methodology (not incorporated here are empirical and technical investigations). Here, we explicate and analyse the...
journal article 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author)
This chapter analyses some of the main values, and values conflicts, in relation to cybersecurity by distinguishing four important value clusters that should be considered when deciding on cybersecurity measures. These clusters are security, privacy, fairness and accountability. Each cluster consists of a range of further values, which can be...
book chapter 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author), Asveld, L. (author), Flipse, S.M. (author), Klaassen, Pim (author), Roosenboom-Kwee, Z. (author), Maia, Maria (author), Mantovani, Elvio (author), Nathan, Christopher (author), Porcari, Andrea (author), Yaghmaei, E. (author)
There is now almost a decade of experience with RRI (Responsible Research and Innovation), including a growing emphasis on RRI in industry. Based on our experiences in the EU-funded project PRISMA, we find that the companies we engaged could be motivated to do RRI, but often only after we first shifted initial assumptions and strategies....
journal article 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author)
Three philosophical perspectives on the relation between technology and society are distinguished and discussed: 1) technology as an autonomous force that determines society; 2) technology as a human construct that can be shaped by human values, and 3) a co-evolutionary perspective on technology and society where neither of them determines...
journal article 2020
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van de Poel, I.R. (author)
book chapter 2020
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Ortt, J.R. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author), van Putten, David (author), Kamp, L.M. (author)
This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book describes responsible innovation in terms of both the innovation process and the innovation outcome, and in doing so it focuses on historical cases of innovation in large societally relevant technological systems. It illustrates...
book chapter 2020
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