Searched for: faculty:"Civil%5C%2BEngineering%5C%2Band%5C%2BGeosciences"
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Huibregtse, E. (author), Morales Napoles, O. (author), Hellebrandt, L. (author), Paprotny, D. (author), De Wit, S. (author)
This paper presents a risk-based method to quantify climate change effects on road infrastructure, as a support for decision-making on interventions. This can be implemented in climate adaptation plans as an element of asset management. The method is illustrated by a specific case in which traffic on a road network is disrupted by the flooding...
journal article 2016
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Vleugel, J.M. (author), Bal, F. (author)
Transport vehicles contribute to the on going rise in emissions of CO2 worldwide and emit large amounts of NOx and PM10. The growing demand for container transport is only sustainable if transport becomes ‘greener’. There are innovations, which unite economic and environmental interests. One example it the ongoing increase in ship size, which...
conference paper 2015
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Van der Dussen, J.J. (author)
Clouds have a strong net cooling effect on our planet, as they reflect a large part of the incident solar radiation. To be able to make accurate forecasts of the global climate, cloudiness should therefore be correctly represented by climate models. Currently, however there are large differences in the forecasted temperature increase among...
doctoral thesis 2015
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Van Dorsser, J.C.M. (author)
This thesis addresses how a new method for the evaluation of policies with a very long term impact on the Dutch Inland Waterway Transport (IWT) system can be developed. It proposes an outline for a very long term transport model, prepares a number of very long term scenarios, and indicates that a different perspective on economic growth and...
doctoral thesis 2015
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Wang, L. (author)
The modelling frameworks, which include greenhouse gas emission scenarios, climate models, downscaling methods and hydrological models, are generally used to assess climate change impacts on river floods. In this research, the uncertainty associated with each component of the modelling framework is analysed with particular reference to climate...
doctoral thesis 2015
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Van Dorsser, J.C.M. (author)
This report, that provides an extended summary of a similar named thesis, addresses how a new method for the evaluation of policies with a very long term impact on the Dutch Inland Waterway Transport (IWT) system can be developed. It proposes an outline for a very long term transport model, prepares a number of very long term scenarios, and...
report 2015
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De Graaf, M. (author), Bellouin, N. (author), Tilstra, L.G. (author), Haywood, J. (author), Stammes, P. (author)
The aerosol direct radiative effect (DRE) of African smoke was analyzed in cloud scenes over the southeast Atlantic Ocean, using Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography (SCIAMACHY) satellite observations and Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model version 2 (HadGEM2) climate model simulations. The observed mean DRE...
journal article 2014
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Fyke, J.G. (author), Vizcaino, M. (author), Lipscomb, W.H. (author)
Surface mass balance (SMB) trends influence observed Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) mass loss, but the component of these trends related to anthropogenic forcing is unclear. Here we study the simulated spatial pattern of emergence of an anthropogenically derived GrIS SMB signal between 1850 and 2100 using the Community Earth System Model. We find...
journal article 2014
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Nicholls, R.J. (author), Stive, M.J.F. (author), Tol, R.S.J. (author)
The coastal zone is one of the most dynamic environments on our planet and is much affected by global change, especially sea-level rise. Coastal environments harbour valuable ecosystems, but they are also hugely important from a societal point of view. This book, which draws on the expertise of 21 leading international coastal scientists,...
book chapter 2014
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Munyaneza, O. (author)
This book presents the hydrological research carried out in the Migina catchment (260 km2), Southern Rwanda. The main objective of the research is to explore the hydrological trends and climate linkages for catchments in Rwanda (26,338 km2), and to contribute to the understanding of dominant hydrological process interactions. Different hydro...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Song, C. (author), Huang, B. (author), Richards, K. (author), Ke, L. (author), Phan Hien, V. (author)
ccelerated lake expansion in the 2000s has been confirmed by both dramatic lake-area increases (for 312 lakes larger than 10 km2) derived from optical images, and rapid water-level rises (for 117 lakes with water-level data) measured by satellite altimetry. However, the underlying climate causes remain unclear. This paper analyzes the...
journal article 2014
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Van Herk, S. (author)
The frequency and consequences of extreme flood events have increased rapidly worldwide in recent decades and climate change and economic growth are likely to exacerbate this trend. Flood protection measures alone cannot accommodate the future frequencies and impacts of flooding. Integrated flood risk management (IFRM) considers a portfolio of...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Fyke, J.G. (author), Vizcaino, M. (author), Lipscomb, W. (author), Price, S. (author)
The integrated surface mass balance (SMB) of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) has large interannual variability. Long-term future changes to this variability will affect GrIS dynamics, freshwater fluxes, regional oceanography, and detection of changes in ice volume trends. Here we analyze a simulated 1850–2100 GrIS SMB time series from the...
journal article 2014
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Attema, J.J. (author), Loriaux, J.M. (author), Lenderink, G. (author)
Observations of extreme (sub) hourly precipitation at midlatitudes show a large dependency on the dew point temperature often close to 14% per degree—2 times the dependency of the specific humidity on dew point temperature which is given by the Clausius–Clapeyron (CC) relation. By simulating a selection of 11 cases over the Netherlands...
journal article 2014
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Wols, B.A. (author), Van Daal, K. (author), Van Thienen, P. (author)
Climate change may result in lowering of ground water levels and consolidation of the soil. The resulting (differential) settlements, associated with soil property transitions, may damage underground pipe infrastructure, such as drinking water distribution sys- tems. The work presented here offers an approach for the prediction of pipe failure...
journal article 2014
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Clarkson, J.D. (author), Braun, K. (author), Desoto-Duncan, A. (author), Forsyth, G. (author), De Gijt, J.G. (author), Huber, N.P. (author), Miller, D. (author), Rigo, P. (author), Sullivan, D. (author)
A significant issue associated Flood Defence Systems (FDS) is the difficulty of predicting how these structures will behave when inevitably they have been loaded beyond their designed capacity by a flood. The flood can cause these structures to fail catastrophically with loss of life and substantial damage to property. For a limited incremental...
conference paper 2013
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Wang, L. (author), Van Gelder, P.H.A.J.M. (author), Vrijling, J.K. (author), Ranasinghe, R.W.M.R.J.B. (author), Maskey, S. (author)
To guarantee a safe flood defence in a changing environment, the adaptation to climate change needs to be considered in the design of river dikes. However, the large uncertainty in the projections of future climate leads to varied estimations of future flood probability. How to cope with the uncertainties in future flood probability under...
conference paper 2013
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McClain, M.E. (author)
Sustainable development in Africa is dependent on increasing use of the continent’s water resources without significantly degrading ecosystem services that are also fundamental to human wellbeing. This is particularly challenging in Africa because of high spatial and temporal variability in the availability of water resources and limited amounts...
journal article 2012
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Balica, S.F. (author), Wright, N.G. (author), Van der Meulen, F. (author)
Worldwide, there is a need to enhance our understanding of vulnerability and to develop methodologies and tools to assess vulnerability. One of the most important goals of assessing coastal flood vulnerability, in particular, is to create a readily understandable link between the theoretical concepts of flood vulnerability and the day-to-day...
journal article 2012
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Huang, F. (author), Xia, Z. (author), Li, F. (author), Guo, L. (author), Yang, F. (author)
Hydrological changes of the Irtysh River were analyzed concerning the changes of annual runoff and its distribution features within a year measured by coefficient of variation and concentration degree. Abrupt changes were detected by the heuristic segmentation method. Possible causes of the hydrological changes were investigated considering...
journal article 2012
Searched for: faculty:"Civil%5C%2BEngineering%5C%2Band%5C%2BGeosciences"
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