Searched for: faculty:"Civil%5C%2BEngineering%5C%2Band%5C%2BGeosciences"
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Magalhaes Pereira, L.F. (author), Weerheijm, J. (author), Sluys, L.J. (author)
The development of realistic numerical tools to efficiently model the response of concrete structures subjected to close-in detonations and high velocity impacts has been one of the major quests in defense research. Under these loading conditions, quasi-brittle materials undergo a multitude of failure (damage) mechanisms. Dynamic tensile failure...
conference paper 2015
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Ali, Y.S.A. (author)
Population growth in the Blue Nile Basin has led to fast land-use changes from forest to agricultural land, which resulted in speeding up the soil erosion processes producing highly negative impacts on the local soil fertility and agricultural productivity. The eroded sediment is transported downstream by water and sinks in the lower basin where...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Trung, L.H. (author)
A large part of the Vietnamese population is living close to the coast. The sea is an essential source for supporting lives. Coastal flooding, on the other hand, threatens the people, land and infrastructures every year. Some hundreds years ago, the first sea dikes were built in Thai Binh and Nam Dinh provinces. In the north, the coastline is...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Zhao, G. (author), Visser, P.J. (author), Peeters, P. (author)
Embankment breaching is a composite process coupled by hydraulic processes and sediment transport processes. Erosion is the link in the interaction between breach flow and embankment material. Surface erosion starts in the initial breach phase and triggers the initial damage of the embankment. As the surface erosion develops completely, the...
report 2014
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Winterwerp, J.C. (author), Van Kesteren, W.G.M. (author), Van Prooijen, B.C. (author), Jacobs, W. (author)
This paper proposes a conceptual framework for erosion of cohesive sediment beds. We focus on cohesive beds, distinguishing between floc erosion, surface erosion, and mass erosion. By (our) definition, surface erosion is a drained soil mechanical process, whereas mass erosion occurs under undrained conditions. The eroding shear stress is modeled...
journal article 2012
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Verheij, H.J. (author), Hoffmans, G. (author), Hardeman, B. (author), Paulissen, M. (author)
Destructive wave overtopping tests have been performed at more than 20 dike sections in the Netherlands using the Wave Overtopping Simulator to simulate the overtopping waves. The tests show the combined behaviour of turf and substrate up to mean wave overtopping discharges of 75 ?/s per m, meaning wave volumes up to 5,500 ?/m with flow...
conference paper 2012
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Hoonhout, B. (author), Thiel de Vries, J.S.M. (author)
Physical model experiments are performed at Deltares to investigate the morphological response of barrier islands on extreme storm events. The experiments included dune erosion, overwash and inundation regimes. Extensive measurement techniques made detailed comparison with numerical models possible. This paper describes the comparison between...
conference paper 2012
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Zhu, Y. (author), Visser, P.J. (author), Vrijling, J.K. (author), Wang, G.Q. (author)
Breaching of embankments has recently drawn more and more attention due to its importance in the development of early warning systems for embankment failures, in the evacuation plans of people at risk, in the design method of embankments based on a risk-approach, etc. The erosion process observed during embankment breaching tests in the...
journal article 2011
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Hoffmans, G. (author), Verheij, H.J. (author)
This paper discusses scour without bed protection, such as propeller scour, two-dimensional horizontal, three-dimensional horizontal scour generated by free jets downstream of gates and outlets, two-dimensional vertical and three-dimensional vertical scour. The flow velocities in two- and three-dimensional propeller and free jets are briefly...
journal article 2011
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Trung, L.H. (author)
Report on destructive overtopping tests executed with the wave overtopping simulator along the coast of Vietnam to investigate the strength of the inner slopes of grass dikes. This report presents measurement and observation results obtained during destructive tests with the simulator in Do Son, Thinh Long and Thai Thuy. After the first chapter,...
report 2011
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Trung, L.H. (author), Verhagen, H.J. (author), Van der Meer, J.W. (author)
The Simulator was applied to test the resistance against wave overtopping of grass covered dike slopes in Viet Nam. Observation and measurement during destructive tests were performed to investigate the development process of damage induced by overtopping flow. Damages were likely to be initiated at transition of either geometry or materials, at...
conference paper 2011
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Trung, L.H. (author), Van der Meer, J.W. (author), Luong, N.Q. (author), Verhagen, H.J. (author), Schiereck, G.J. (author)
The resistance of various grassed slopes against wave overtopping has been appraised by means of the Wave Overtopping Simulator in situ for a couple of years in Viet Nam. Destructive test results show that a dike slope covered with grass could suffer a certain overtopping discharge not smaller than 20 l/s per m. During testing it was difficult...
conference paper 2011
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Jacobs, W. (author)
‘Wetlands’ in tidal lagoons and estuaries are among the most valuable ecosystems in the world. Managing these systems requires both a thorough knowledge and validated tools to predict their behavior and development. An important morpho-dynamic process herein is the erosion (‘pick-up’) of the bed, which are in inter-tidal areas often composed of...
doctoral thesis 2011
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Montserrat Trotsenburg, F. (author)
The aim of this thesis was to investigate how (macro)benthic organisms interact with the ecological functioning, erodibility and small- to medium-scale morphodynamics of estuarine intertidal sediment by modulating its composition and/or properties. In these interactions, scale is of great importance for the ecosystem engineers. The changes they...
doctoral thesis 2011
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Trung, L.H. (author), Van der Meer, J.M. (author), Schiereck, G.J. (author), Cat, V.M. (author), Van der Meer, G. (author)
Sea dikes in Viet Nam have been built up during a long history. Every year, about 4 to 6 storms attack the coast and cause severe damages of the sea dikes. Till now, little is known about strength and stability of the inner slope covered with grass under impacts of wave overtopping during storm surges. Destructive tests have been performed with...
conference paper 2010
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Van Prooijen, B.C. (author), Winterwerp, J.C. (author)
The linear formulation for erosion E = M(?b??c), often applied in engineering applications, has two properties, which do not always comply with field and laboratory observations, they are as follows: (1) The erosion rate is zero below the critical bed shear stress ?c and increases linearly with bed shear stress ?b, when exceeding the critical...
journal article 2010
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Montserrat, F. (author), Van Colen, C. (author), Degraer, S. (author), Ysebaert, T. (author), Herman, P.M.J. (author)
We assessed the influence of benthic communities on sediment properties in large defaunation experiments in replicated 16 m2 plots on a tidal flat in the Westerschelde estuary (SW Netherlands). We compared microphytobenthos and benthic macrofauna recovery and recolonisation between control and defaunated sediments during 8 mo following the...
journal article 2008
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Zhu, Y. (author)
Numerous flood disasters occur every year worldwide, mostly resulting from failure of dikes, some with catastrophic outcomes. Examples are the dike failures along the Yangtze River in China in 1931 due to heavy rainstorms and those in the Netherlands in 1953 due to a storm surge at the North Sea. Both floods induced many deaths and enormous...
doctoral thesis 2006
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Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (author)
Owing to the economic importance of seasonal fluctuations in beach width and the frequent implementation of local beach and shoreface nourishments, coastal managers and scientists increasingly demand coastal state information at smaller spatiotemporal scales. Advanced, automated video techniques provide the means to collect such high-resolution...
doctoral thesis 2003
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Booij, R. (author)
Deze notitie beschrijft de resultaten van een inleidend onderzoek naar de mechanismen van de erosie van de basislaag onder geometrisch open filters. Hierbij wordt in eerste instantie uitgegaan van de beter onderzochte erosie van de bodem van een waterloop zonder beschermende filterlaag. Op basis van metingen van Van Os (1998) in een inleidend...
report 1998
Searched for: faculty:"Civil%5C%2BEngineering%5C%2Band%5C%2BGeosciences"
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