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Sarna, K. (author), Russchenberg, H.W.J. (author)
A new method for continuous observation of aerosol–cloud interactions with ground-based remote sensing instruments is presented. The main goal of this method is to enable the monitoring of the change of the cloud droplet size due to the change in the aerosol concentration. We use high-resolution measurements from a lidar, a radar and a...
journal article 2016
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Cai, H. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author), Jiang, C. (author), Zhao, L. (author), Yang, Q. (author)
The mean water level in estuaries rises in the landward direction due to a combination of the density gradient, the tidal asymmetry, and the backwater effect. This phenomenon is more prominent under an increase of the fresh water discharge, which strongly intensifies both the tidal asymmetry and the backwater effect. However, the interactions...
journal article 2016
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Wandinger, U. (author), Freudenthaler, V. (author), Baars, H. (author), Amodeo, A. (author), Engelmann, R. (author), Mattis, I. (author), Gross, S. (author), Pappalardo, G. (author), Giunta, G. (author), D'Amico, G. (author), Chaikovsky, A. (author), Osipenko, F. (author), Slesar, A. (author), Nicolae, D. (author), Belegante, L. (author), Talianu, C. (author), Serikov, I. (author), Linne, H. (author), Jansen, F. (author), Apituley, A. (author), Wilson, K.M. (author), de Graaf, M. (author), Trickl, T. (author), Giehl, H. (author), Adam, D. (author), Comeron, A. (author), Munoz-Porcar, C. (author), Rocadenbosch, F. (author), Sicard, M. (author), Tomas, S. (author), de Lange, D. (author), Kumar, D. (author), Pujadas, M. (author), Molero, F. (author), Fernandez, A.F. (author), Alados-Arboledas, L. (author), Bravo-Aranda, J.A. (author), Navas-Guzman, F. (author), Guerrero-Rascado, J.L. (author), Granados-Munoz, M.J. (author), Preissler, J. (author), Wagner, F. (author), Gausa, M. (author), Grigorov, I. (author), Stoyanov, D. (author), Iarlori, M. (author), Rizi, V. (author), Spinelli, N. (author), Boselli, A. (author), Wang, X. (author), lo Feudo, F. (author), Perrone, M.R. (author), de Tomasi, F. (author), Burlizzi, P. (author)
This paper introduces the recent European Aerosol Research Lidar Network (EARLINET) quality-assurance efforts at instrument level. Within two dedicated campaigns and five single-site intercomparison activities, 21 EARLINET systems from 18 EARLINET stations were intercompared between 2009 and 2013. A comprehensive strategy for campaign setup and...
journal article 2016
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Miller, A. (author), Jonkman, S.N. (author), Van Ledden, M. (author)
Since the catastrophic flooding of New Orleans due to Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the city's hurricane protection system has been improved to provide protection against a hurricane load with a 1/100 per year exceedance frequency. This paper investigates the risk to life in post-Katrina New Orleans. In a flood risk analysis the probabilities and...
journal article 2015
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Fovet, O. (author), Ruiz, L. (author), Hrachowitz, M. (author), Faucheux, M. (author), Gascuel-Odoux, C. (author)
While most hydrological models reproduce the general flow dynamics, they frequently fail to adequately mimic system-internal processes. In particular, the relationship between storage and discharge, which often follows annual hysteretic patterns in shallow hard-rock aquifers, is rarely considered in modelling studies. One main reason is that...
journal article 2015
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Edixhoven, J.D. (author), Gupta, J. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author)
Phosphate rock (PR) is a finite mineral indispensable for fertilizer production, while P (phosphorus) is a major pollutant if applied or discharged in excess, causing widespread eutrophication (Carpenter and Bennet, 2011). High-grade PR is obtained from deposits which took millions of years to form and which are gradually being depleted....
journal article 2014
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Munyaneza, O. (author), Mukubwa, A. (author), Maskey, S. (author), Uhlenbrook, S. (author), Wenninger, J.W. (author)
In the present study, we developed a catchment hydrological model which can be used to inform water resources planning and decision making for better management of the Migina Catchment (257.4 km2). The semi-distributed hydrological model HEC-HMS (Hydrologic Engineering Center – the Hydrologic Modelling System) (version 3.5) was used with its...
journal article 2014
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Zemp, D.C. (author), Schleussner, C.F. (author), Barbosa, H.M.J. (author), Van der Ent, R.J. (author), Donges, J.F. (author), Heinke, J. (author), Sampaio, G. (author), Rammig, A. (author)
Continental moisture recycling is a crucial process of the South American climate system. In particular, evapotranspiration from the Amazon basin contributes substantially to precipitation regionally as well as over other remote regions such as the La Plata basin. Here we present an in-depth analysis of South American moisture recycling...
journal article 2014
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Gharari, S. (author), Shafiei, M. (author), Hrachowitz, M. (author), Kumar, R. (author), Fenicia, F. (author), Gupta, H.V. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author)
Many environmental systems models, such as conceptual rainfall-runoff models, rely on model calibration for parameter identification. For this, an observed output time series (such as runoff) is needed, but frequently not available (e.g., when making predictions in ungauged basins). In this study, we provide an alternative approach for parameter...
journal article 2014
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Gharari, S. (author), Hrachowitz, M. (author), Fenicia, F. (author), Gao, H. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author)
Conceptual environmental system models, such as rainfall runoff models, generally rely on calibration for parameter identification. Increasing complexity of this type of models for better representation of hydrological process heterogeneity, typically makes parameter identification more difficult. Although various, potentially valuable,...
journal article 2014
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Shao, W. (author), Bogaard, T.A. (author), Bakker, M. (author), Greco, R. (author)
The effect of preferential flow on the stability of landslides is studied through numerical simulation of two types of rainfall events on a hypothetical hillslope. A model is developed that consists of two parts. The first part is a model for combined saturated/unsaturated subsurface flow and is used to compute the spatial and temporal water...
journal article 2014
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Tangdamrongsub, N. (author), Dunne, S.C. (author), Gunter, B.C. (author), Ditmar, P.G. (author), Weerts, A.H. (author)
journal article 2014
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Cai, H. (author), Savenije, H.H.G. (author), Jiang, C. (author)
As the tidal wave propagates into an estuary, the tidally averaged water level tends to rise in landward direction due to the density difference between saline and fresh water and the asymmetry of the friction. The effect of friction on the residual slope is even more remarkable when accounting for fresh water discharge. In this study, we...
journal article 2014
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Barnes, E.A. (author), Keys, P.W. (author), van der Ent, R.J. (author), Gordon, L.J. (author)
Recent research has revealed that upwind land-use changes can significantly influence downwind precipitation. The precipitationshed (the upwind ocean and land surface that contributes evaporation to a specific location’s precipitation) may provide a boundary for coordination and governance of these upwind–downwind water linkages. We aim to...
journal article 2014
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Worku, F.F. (author), Werner, M. (author), Wright, N.G. (author), Van der Zaag, P. (author), Demissie, S.S. (author)
Endorheic basins, often found in semi-arid and arid climates, are particularly sensitive to variation in fluxes such as precipitation, evaporation and runoff, resulting in variability of river flows as well as of water levels in endpoint lakes that are often present. In this paper we apply the indicators of hydrological alteration (IHA) to...
journal article 2014
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Lopez Lopez, P. (author), Verkade, J.S. (author), Weerts, A.H. (author), Solomatine, D.P. (author)
The present study comprises an intercomparison of different configurations of a statistical post-processor that is used to estimate predictive hydrological uncertainty. It builds on earlier work by Weerts, Winsemius and Verkade (2011; hereafter referred to as WWV2011), who used the quantile regression technique to estimate predictive...
journal article 2014
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Pande, S. (author), Ertsen, M. (author), Sivapalan, M. (author)
While the proposed model is a rather simple model of a coupled human–water system, it is shown to be capable of replicating patterns of technological, population, production and consumption per capita changes. The model demonstrates that technological change may indeed ameliorate the effects of increasing water scarcity, but typically it does so...
journal article 2014
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Trambauer, P. (author), Maskey, S. (author), Werner, M. (author), Pappenberger, F. (author), Van Beek, L.P.H. (author), Uhlenbrook, S. (author)
Droughts are widespread natural hazards and in many regions their frequency seems to be increasing. A finer-resolution version (0.05° × 0.05°) of the continental-scale hydrological model PCRaster Global Water Balance (PCR-GLOBWB) was set up for the Limpopo River basin, one of the most water-stressed basins on the African continent. An irrigation...
journal article 2014
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Sutanto, S.J. (author), Van den Hurk, B. (author), Dirmeyer, P.A. (author), Seneviratne, S.I. (author), Röckmann, T. (author), Trenberth, K.E. (author), Blyth, E.M. (author), Wenninger, J. (author), Hoffmann, G. (author)
Current techniques to disentangle the evaporative fluxes from the continental surface into a contribution evaporated from soils and canopy, or transpired by plants, are under debate. Many isotope-based studies show that transpiration contributes generally more than 70% to the total evaporation, while other isotope-independent techniques lead to...
journal article 2014
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Belmonte Rivas, M. (author), Veefkind, J.P. (author), Boersma, F. (author), Levelt, P. (author), Eskes, H. (author), Gille, J. (author)
This paper evaluates the agreement between stratospheric NO2 retrievals from infrared limb sounders (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) and High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS)) and solar UV/VIS backscatter sensors (Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for...
journal article 2014
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