Searched for: mods_originInfo_publisher_s%3A%22ISCRAM%22
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Casali, Y. (author), Aydin, N.Y. (author), Comes, M. (author)
The Covid19 crisis has highlighted once more that socio-economic inequalities are a main driver of vulnerability. Especially in densely populated urban areas, however, these inequalities can drastically change even within neighbourhoods. To better prepare for urban crises, more granular techniques are needed to assess these vulnerabilities, and...
conference paper 2021
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Paulus, D. (author), Meesters, Kenny (author), de Vries, G. (author), van de Walle, B.A. (author)
Humanitarian organizations are increasingly challenged by the amount of data available to drive their decisions. Useful data can come from many sources, exists in different formats, and merging it into a basis for analysis and planning often exceeds organizations’ capacities and resources. At the same time, affected communities’ participation in...
conference paper 2019
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Meesters, Kenny (author), Nespeca, V. (author), Comes, M. (author)
Information and supporting information systems is a key element in an effective emergency response. From creating situational awareness to informed decision making, information enables responders to optimize their decisions and operations. Today, with the increased availability of information technology around the globe, a new active player in...
conference paper 2019
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Abdelgawad, Ahmed (author), Comes, M. (author)
Evaluation and testing are major steps in the development of any information system, particularly if it is to be used in high-risk contexts such as conflicts. While thus far there are various approaches for testing against technology requirements; usability or usefulness, there is a lack of a comprehensive evaluation framework that combines the...
conference paper 2019
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Buscher, M (author), Easton, C. (author), Kerasidou, C. (author), Petersen, K (author), Baur, A. (author), Quinn, R.A. (author), Heesen, J. (author), Boden, Alexander (author), Hofmann, B (author), Boersma, K. (author), Galdon Clavell, G. (author), Föger, N. (author), Comes, M. (author), Stachowicz, A. (author), Choraś, M. (author), Kozik, R. (author), Jasmontaite, L. (author), González Fuster, G. (author), Lund, D. (author), Bonnamour, M-C. (author), Lujan Escalante, M.A. (author), Alter, H. (author)
This paper describes the IsITethical? Exchange, a European knowledge and service hub we are developing with and for diverse parties involved in crisis and disaster risk management. Their commitment to European values and fundamental rights underpins the rationale of the initiative, which is to support European societies’ need for high quality...
conference paper 2018
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Paulus, D. (author), Meesters, Kenny (author), van de Walle, B.A. (author)
In the aftermath of disasters, information is of the essence for humanitarian decision makers in the field. Their concrete information needs is highly context-influenced and often they find themselves unable to access the right information at the right time. We propose a novel ICT-based approach to address these information needs more accurately...
conference paper 2018
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Nespeca, V. (author), Meesters, Kenny (author), Comes, M. (author)
The profusion of information technology has created new possibilities for local communities to self-organize and respond to disruptive events. Along with the opportunities, there is also a series of challenges that need to be addressed in order to improve societal resilience. One of these challenges is to make sense of the continuous stream of...
conference paper 2018
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Laguna-Salvadó, Laura (author), Lauras, Matthieu (author), Comes, M. (author)
The Humanitarian Supply Chain (HSC) is key to successful relief operations. Today, HSC managers faces many challenges: (1) the increasing gap between funding and appeals; (2) donors ask for more transparency and accountability; (3) the growing pressure to switch to sustainable development. To maintain a competitive position (order winner) in the...
conference paper 2018
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De Kleermaeker, S. (author), Verkade, J.S. (author)
Often, water management decisions are based on hydrological forecasts, which are affected by inherent uncertainties. It is increasingly common for forecasters to make explicit estimates of these uncertainties. Associated benefits include the decision makers’ increased awareness of forecasting uncertainties and the potential for risk-based...
conference paper 2013
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Rothkrantz, L.J.M. (author)
During recent disasters such as tsunami, flooding, hurricanes, nuclear disaster, earthquake people have to leave their living areas for their own safety. But it proves that some people are not informed about the evacuation, or are not willing or able to leave or don’t know how to leave the hazardous areas. The topic of the paper is how to adapt...
conference paper 2013
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Horsch, C.H.G. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Cuijpers, R.H. (author)
A convenient way to test Urban Search And Rescue (USAR) robots would be in virtual environments (VEs). Evaluations in VEs are generally accepted as alternative for real scenarios. There are obvious differences between operation in a real and virtual environment. Nonetheless, the current experiment showed no significant differences in situation...
conference paper 2013
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Horsch, C.H.G. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Cuijpers, R.H. (author)
In urban search and rescue (USAR) situations resources are limited and workload is high. Robots that act as team players instead of tools could help in these situations. A Virtual Reality (VR) experiment was set up to test if team performance of a human-robot team increases when the robot act as such a team player. Three robot settings were...
conference paper 2013
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Kurapati, S. (author), Kolfschoten, G.L. (author), Verbraeck, A. (author), Corsi, T.M. (author), Brazier, F. (author)
Risk and volatility in the form of political issues, natural disasters, terrorism etc., are impending dangers to the normal functioning of today’s world. Supply Chains (SCs) are the backbone to societal functions and are heavily affected when such events occur. SC professionals have limited preparedness to deal with disruptions. Shared...
conference paper 2013
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Lukosch, H.K. (author), Van Ruijven, T.W.J. (author), Verbraeck, A. (author)
Effective training methods are key to successful crisis management in close protection. This paper discusses the outcomes of a project on the development of a serious game, a virtual training environment for close protection. The aims of the game are to improve situational awareness and communications skills at the individual and team level. Two...
conference paper 2012
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Gunawan, L.T. (author), Fitrianie, S. (author), Brinkman, W.P. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
Despite the growing awareness of the untapped potential of the affected population in a disaster situation, their inclusion in a disaster management is extremely limited. This study aims to survey the literature to see whether utilizing the affected people and prevalent mobile technology can be used during disaster response. The idea is to...
conference paper 2012
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Hu, B. (author), Hidders, A.J.H. (author), De Lignie, M. (author), Cimiano, P. (author)
When carrying out tasks, police officers need up-to-date information contextualized to their current situation to support them in decision making. The results of a previous user study with the aim of capturing the information requirements of police officers have led to the implementation of a rule-based system for contextualized information...
conference paper 2011
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Van Ruijven, T.W.J. (author)
Serious games and virtual environments are increasingly used for emergency management training and research. The development of these technologies seems to contribute to a solution to some problems in the existing literature on emergency management which is mainly based on case study research. However, using virtual technology for research also...
conference paper 2011
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Fitrianie, S. (author), Rothkrantz, L.J.M. (author)
In recent years, we have developed a framework of human-computer interaction that offers recognition of various communication modalities including speech, lip movement, facial expression, handwriting/drawing, gesture, text and visual symbols. The framework allows the rapid construction of a multimodal, multi-device, and multi-user communication...
conference paper 2009
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Rothkrantz, L.J.M. (author), Yang, Z. (author)
One of the goals of the crowd control project at Delft University of Technology is to detect and track people during a crisis event, classify their behavior and assess what is happening. The assumption is that the crisis area is observed by multiple cameras (fixed or mobile). The cameras sense the environment and extract features such as the...
conference paper 2009
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Bharosa, N. (author), Janssen, M.F.W.H.A. (author)
When disaster strikes, the emerging task environment requires relief agencies to transform from autonomous mono-disciplinary organizations into interdependent multidisciplinary decision-making units. Evaluation studies reveal that adaptation of information management to the changing task environment is difficult resulting in poor information...
conference paper 2009
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