Searched for: subject:"3D%5C+city%5C+model"
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Ledoux, H. (author), Arroyo Ohori, G.A.K. (author), Kavisha, K. (author), Dukai, B. (author), Labetski, A. (author), Vitalis, S. (author)
The international standard CityGML is both a data model and an exchange format to store digital 3D models of cities. While the data model is used by several cities, companies, and governments, in this paper we argue that its XML-based exchange format has several drawbacks. These drawbacks mean that it is difficult for developers to implement...
journal article 2019
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Noardo, F. (author), Arroyo Ohori, G.A.K. (author), Biljecki, F. (author), Krijnen, Thomas (author), Ellul, Claire (author), Harrie, Lars (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
GeoBIM, the integration of 3D geoinformation (Geo) with building information models (BIM), is a subject of increasing attention in both domains. A well-known practical challenge for this integration is the mixed state of software support for open standards in each domain that would ease the integration. This is often known by practitioners but...
journal article 2019
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Pasquinelli, Alice (author), Agugiaro, G. (author), Tagliabue, Lavinia Chiara (author), Scaioni, Marco (author), Guzzetti, Franco (author)
Smart management of urban built environment relies on the availability of data supporting sound policy making and guiding city renovation processes toward more sustainable and performant models. Nevertheless, public managers are unlikely to have comprehensive information on the existing building stock. In addition, tools providing effective...
journal article 2019
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Kavisha, K. (author), Labetski, A. (author), Arroyo Ohori, G.A.K. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
The relatively new Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard LandInfra documents in its data model land and civil engineering infrastructure features. It has a Geography Markup Language (GML) implementation, OGC InfraGML, which has essentially no software support and is rarely used in practice. In order to share the benefits of LandInfra (and...
journal article 2019
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Zhou, K. (author), Lindenbergh, R.C. (author), Gorte, Ben (author)
Up-to-date 3D city models are needed for many applications. Very-high-resolution (VHR) images with rich geometric and spectral information and a high update rate are increasingly applied for the purpose of updating 3D models. Shadow detection is the primary step for image interpretation, as shadow causes radiometric distortions. In addition,...
journal article 2019
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Vitalis, S. (author), Arroyo Ohori, G.A.K. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
3D city models are being extensively used in applications such as evacuation scenarios and energy consumption estimation. The main standard for 3D city models is the CityGML data model which can be encoded through the CityJSON data format. CityGML and CityJSON use polygonal modelling in order to represent geometries. True topological data...
journal article 2019
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Labetski, A. (author), Kavisha, K. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
While there exist international standards for geospatial metadata (ISO 19115), these are rarely used in practice for 3D datasets, and one of the OGC standards for 3D city models, CityGML, does not offer a mechanism to store metadata in a structured way. Having metadata in CityGML files, which are in practice often very large and complex, would...
journal article 2018
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Gorte, B. G.H. (author), Zhou, K. (author), Van Der Sande, C. J. (author), Valk, C. (author)
Representation of scenes on the Earth surface by using voxels is gaining attention because of its suitability for integrating heterogeneous data sources in simulations and quantitative models. Computation of shadows in such models is needed, for example, to obtain crop suitability of agricultural fields in the presence of trees and buildings,...
journal article 2018
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Labetski, A. (author), van Gerwen, Stefan (author), Tamminga, G.F. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
CityGML, an OGC standard, is an open data model for virtual 3D city models and includes buildings, roads, terrain, water bodies, etc. While many modules are well-developed (eg buildings, bridges, tunnels), the transportation model is, based on our consultations with various government agencies and municipalities, not sufficient for most...
conference paper 2018
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Ledoux, H. (author)
The validity of 3D primitives in 3D GIS datasets is often a prerequisite for using them in simulation and decision-making software, e.g. visibility analysis, noise pollution assessment, and energy estimation. However, while agreed definitions exist (in the international standard ISO19107), most software vendors ignore them and implement simpler...
journal article 2018
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Vitalis, S. (author), Arroyo Ohori, G.A.K. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
3D city models are becoming increasingly important for applications such as evacuation scenarios and energy consumption estimation. For these applications embedding semantic information on geometry is a key factor. The most popular implementation of modern 3D city models is based on the CityGML data model which describes spatial 3D data using a...
conference paper 2018
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Biljecki, F. (author), Kavisha, K. (author), Nagel, Claus (author)
The Application Domain Extension (ADE) is a built-in mechanism of CityGML to augment its data model with additional concepts required by particular use cases. The goal of this paper is to provide an overview of the ADE mechanism and a literature review of developments since its introduction a decade ago. The discovery of publications found that...
journal article 2018
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Zhou, K. (author), Gorte, B.G.H. (author)
In VHR(very high resolution) aerial images, shadows indicating height information are valuable for validating or detecting changes on an existing 3D city model. In the paper, we propose a novel and full automatic approach for shadow detection from VHR images. Instead of automatic thresholding, the supervised machine learning approach is...
conference paper 2017
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Biljecki, F. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
Elevation datasets (e.g. point clouds) are an essential but often unavailable ingredient for the construction of 3D city models. We investigate in this paper to what extent can 3D city models be generated solely from 2D data without elevation measurements. We show that it is possible to predict the height of buildings from 2D data (their...
journal article 2017
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Biljecki, F. (author)
The concept of level of detail (LOD) describes the content of 3D city models and it plays an essential role during their life cycle. On one hand it comes akin to the concepts of scale in cartography and LOD in computer graphics, on the other hand it is a standalone concept that requires attention. LOD has an influence on tendering and...
doctoral thesis 2017
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Biljecki, F. (author), Sindram, M. (author)
Building datasets (e.g. footprints in OpenStreetMap and 3D city models) are becoming increasingly available worldwide. However, the thematic (attribute) aspect is not always given attention, as many of such datasets are lacking in completeness of attributes. A prominent attribute of buildings is the year of construction, which is useful for some...
conference paper 2017
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Biljecki, F. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Du, X. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author), Soon, Kean Huat (author), Khoo, Victor (author)
To be used as input in most simulation and modelling software, 3D city models should be geometrically and topologically valid, and semantically rich. We investigate in this paper what is the quality of currently available CityGML datasets, i.e. we validate the geometry/topology of the 3D primitives (Solid and MultiSurface), and we validate...
conference paper 2016
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Nourian Ghadikolaee, P. (author), Goncalves, R. (author), Zlatanova, S. (author), Arroyo Ohori, G.A.K. (author), Vu Vo, A. (author)
Voxel representations have been used for years in scientific computation and medical imaging. The main focus of our research is to provide easy access to methods for making large-scale voxel models of built environment for environmental modelling studies while ensuring they are spatially correct, meaning they correctly represent topological and...
journal article 2016
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Rook, Merwin (author), Biljecki, F. (author), Diakite, A.A. (author)
The lack of semantic information in many 3D city models is a considerable limiting factor in their use, as a lot of applications rely on semantics. Such information is not always available, since it is not collected at all times, it might be lost due to data transformation, or its lack may be caused by non-interoperability in data integration...
conference paper 2016
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Nourian, P. (author), Gonçalves, Romulo (author), Zlatanova, S. (author), Arroyo Ohori, G.A.K. (author), Vu Vo, Anh (author)
Voxel representations have been used for years in scientific computation and medical imaging. The main focus of our research is to provide easy access to methods for making large-scale voxel models of built environment for environmental modelling studies while ensuring they are spatially correct, meaning they correctly represent topological...
journal article 2016
Searched for: subject:"3D%5C+city%5C+model"
(1 - 20 of 31)

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