Searched for: subject%3A%22Annihilation%22
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Koot, Kees (author)
In this thesis the behaviour of a Bose Einstein condensate is explored that consists of bosons that annihilate. In order to do this a system where bose einstein condensation occurs is modeled as a Zero Range process which is a special case of a Markov process.<br/>First we made a single slow site Zero range process with uniform rates and see how...
bachelor thesis 2022
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Marques Pereira, V. (author)
An approach to improve the performance of steels for fusion and fission reactors is to reinforce them with oxide nanoparticles. These can hinder dislocation and grain boundary movement and trap radiation-induced defects, thus increasing creep and radiation damage resistance. Steels containing these oxide particles are called ODS steels (Oxide...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Nokelainen, Johannes (author), Barbiellini, Bernardo (author), Kuriplach, Jan (author), Eijt, S.W.H. (author), Ferragut, Rafael (author), Li, Xin (author), Kothalawala, Veenavee (author), Suzuki, Kosuke (author), Hafiz, Hasnain (author), Bansil, Arun (author)
Reduction-oxidation (redox) reactions that transfer conduction electrons from the anode to the cathode are the fundamental processes responsible for generating power in Li-ion batteries. Electronic and microstructural features of the cathode material are controlled by the nature of the redox orbitals and how they respond to Li intercalation....
review 2022
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Legerstee, W.J. (author), Noort, T. (author), van Vliet, T. K. (author), Schut, H. (author), Kelder, E.M. (author)
Here we present Positron Annihilation Doppler Broadening Spectroscopy (PADBS) as a powerful method to analyse the origin and development of defect processes in porous silicon structures as a result of alloying with lithium for the use in battery anode applications. Several prepared anodes were lithiated (discharged against Li<sup>+</sup>/Li)...
journal article 2022
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Zhang, Z. (author), Zhang, S. (author), Yao, Z. (author), Tao, X. (author), Cao, X. (author), Zhang, P. (author), Kuang, P. (author), Fu, Y. (author), van Dijk, N.H. (author), van der Zwaag, S. (author)
The effect of thermal aging of homogenized Fe-Au and Fe-Au-W alloys, irradiated at room temperature with hydrogen ions, was studied for an aging treatment at 300 °C for aging times up to 100 h. The aging behavior of the Fe-based alloys is compared to the results for pure Fe. The precipitation behavior of Au-rich and W-rich precipitates and...
journal article 2021
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Colombi, G. (author), De Krom, Tom (author), Chaykina, D. (author), Cornelius, S. (author), Eijt, S.W.H. (author), Dam, B. (author)
Rare-earth oxyhydride REOxH3-2x thin films prepared by air-oxidation of reactively sputtered REH2 dihydrides show a color-neutral, reversible photochromic effect at ambient conditions. The present work shows that the O/H anion ratio, as well as the choice of the cation, allow to largely tune the extent of the optical change and its speed. The...
journal article 2021
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van Amelrooy, E.F. (author), Schut, H. (author), Egger, Werner (author), Dickmann, Marcel (author), Hugenschmidt, Christoph (author), Mallée, L. (author), Hanefeld, U. (author), McMillan, D.G.G. (author), Eijt, S.W.H. (author)
A new method is developed to produce mesoporous titania thin films at room temperature using the enzyme papain in a dip-coating procedure, providing low-cost titania films in a sustainable manner. Quartz crystal microbalance, positron annihilation Doppler broadening and lifetime spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray...
journal article 2020
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Zhang, Shasha (author), Cizek, Jakub (author), Yao, Zhengjun (author), Oleksandr, Moliar (author), Kong, Xiangshan (author), Liu, Changsong (author), van Dijk, N.H. (author), van der Zwaag, S. (author)
Self healing of early stage radiation damage by site selective solute segregation is a promising approach to extend the lifetime of nuclear reactor components. In the present study, the creation and autonomous healing of irradiation-induced damage is investigated in pure Fe and high purity Fe–Au and Fe–Cu model alloys. To create radiation...
journal article 2020
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Zhang, Shasha (author), Yao, Zhengjun (author), Zhang, Zhaokuan (author), Oleksandr, Moliar (author), Chen, Feida (author), Cao, Xingzhong (author), Zhang, Peng (author), van Dijk, N.H. (author), van der Zwaag, S. (author)
High temperature radiation damage in binary bcc Fe alloys containing 1 atomic % Au or Cu due to Fe ion irradiation at 550 °C to a peak dose of 2.8 and 8.3 dpa is studied. The precipitation behavior of gold and copper and its correlation to the irradiation-induced defects is studied by transmission electron microscopy and variable energy...
journal article 2020
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Hoogenberg, Friso (author)
The behaviour of ODS 12Cr steel under thermal treatment is studied in this report at micro and macro level. ODS 12Cr steel is always in the ferrite phase and has a melting point at 1500 ºC. Before studying,<br/>the retrieved samples were metallographically prepared in four steps: mounting, grinding, mechanically polishing and electrolytically...
bachelor thesis 2019
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Shi, W. (author)
High efficiency, low cost, and long stability are three key factors for the wide application of photovoltaics (PV) which are currently intensively studied in order to meet the increasing global renewable energy demand. Currently, the PV market is mainly based on silicon. However, solar cells based on silicon may not be capable to meet the long...
doctoral thesis 2019
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Shi, W. (author), Theelen, Mirjam (author), Illiberi, Andrea (author), van der Sar, S.J. (author), Butterling, M. (author), Schut, H. (author), Zeman, M. (author), Brück, E.H. (author), Eijt, S.W.H. (author)
Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) and Doppler broadening positron annihilation spectroscopy (DB-PAS) depth profiling demonstrate pronounced growth of vacancy clusters at the grain boundaries of as-deposited Al-doped ZnO films deposited as transparent conductive oxide (TCO) on Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells upon accelerated...
journal article 2018
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Plokker, M.P. (author), Eijt, S.W.H. (author), Naziris, F. (author), Schut, H. (author), Nafezarefi, F. (author), Schreuders, H. (author), Cornelius, S. (author), Dam, B. (author)
In order to investigate the mechanism of the photochromic effect in yttrium oxy-hydride (YO<sub>x</sub>H<sub>y</sub>) thin films, Doppler broadening positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) was applied to probe the electronic structure and the presence of vacancies in YO<sub>x</sub>H<sub>y</sub> and related materials as a function of...
journal article 2018
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Shi, W. (author), Theelen, Mirjam (author), Illiberi, Andrea (author), van der Sar, S.J. (author), Butterling, M. (author), Schut, H. (author), Zeman, M. (author), Brück, E.H. (author), Eijt, S.W.H. (author)
Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) and Doppler broadening positron annihilation spectroscopy DB-PAS) depth profiling demonstrate pronounced growth of vacancy clusters at the grain boundaries of as-deposited Al-doped ZnO films deposited as transparent conductive oxide (TCO) on Cu(In, Ga)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells upon accelerated...
journal article 2018
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Madzarevic, Z. (author)
Efficient and cost-effective technologies that will enable separation and capture of CO2 are needed. The development of high-performance all-aromatic poly(ether)imide (P(E)I) membranes is attractive as they offer a large degree of design freedom and they are cheap to operate. However, the molecular design rules towards P(E)I membranes that...
doctoral thesis 2017
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Fravventura, M.C. (author)
This research focuses on the investigation of the opto-electronic properties of a variety of organic and inorganic materials of interest for photovoltaics. Fundamental knowledge on the parameters that play an important role in the process of charge photogeneration is achieved by application of a number of experimental methods, the most relevant...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Mannheim, A. (author)
Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon (a-Si:H) is a very promising solar cell material with a good potential to use in many applications, as it is cheap to produce, light-weight and flexible. However, upon prolonged exposure to light, the layers suffer from both metastable and irreversible changes (the Staebler-Wronski effect) that have a bad effect on...
master thesis 2013
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Zhang, S. (author), Langelaan, G. (author), Schut, H. (author), Brück, E. (author), Van der Zwaag, S. (author), Van Dijk, N.H. (author)
Steels are among the most widely used construction materials as their mechanical properties can be tuned over a very wide range of desired combinations of strength formability and other properties. However, when exposed for long times to high temperatures steel components can exhibit premature and low-ductility creep fracture, which arises from...
conference paper 2013
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Zhang, S. (author), Langelaan, G. (author), Schut, H. (author), Brück, E. (author), Van der Zwaag, S. (author), Van Dijk, N.H. (author)
Steels are among the most widely used construction materials as their mechanical properties can be tuned over a very wide range of desired combinations of strength formability and other properties. However, when exposed for long times to high temperatures steel components can exhibit premature and low-ductility creep fracture, which arises from...
conference paper 2013
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Anastasopol, A. (author), Eijt, S.W.H. (author), Schut, H. (author), Mulder, F.M. (author), Plazaola, F. (author), Dam, B. (author)
Mg-Ti compounds are attractive candidates as hydrogen storage materials for their fast sorption kinetics and high storage capacity. In this context, an investigation of their thermal stability is of great importance. The thermal stability of MgyTi1-y thin films was investigated using positron annihilation spectroscopy. Despite the positive...
journal article 2012
Searched for: subject%3A%22Annihilation%22
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