Searched for: subject%3A%22Biomass%22
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Recalde Moreno Del Rocio, M.D.R. (author)
The global market for the wastewater treatment industry has been compelled to devise new concepts due to several factors. Currently, approximately 80% of untreated wastewater is discharged worldwide. The conventional technology for municipal solid waste treatment, which has been in use for over a century, is only partially effective in terms of...
doctoral thesis 2024
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Surkatti, Riham (author), van Loosdrecht, Mark C.M. (author), Hussein, Ibnelwaleed A. (author), El-Naas, Muftah H. (author)
This study investigates the development of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) gel matrices for biomass immobilization in wastewater treatment. The PVA hydrogels were prepared through a freezing–thawing (F-T) cross-linking process and reinforced with high surface area nanoparticles to improve their mechanical stability and porosity. The PVA/nanocomposite...
journal article 2024
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Abdeldayem, O.M.H.M. (author), Dupont, Capucine (author), Ferras, David (author), Ndiaye, Lat Grand (author), Kennedy, M.D. (author)
Although industrial hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) uses wet feedstock, lab-scale studies tend to dry the feedstock under the assumption that the rehydration of the feedstock would restore its original properties. To the best of our knowledge, this assumption has not been thoroughly examined at the lab scale; therefore, its investigation is...
journal article 2024
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Fu, S. (author)
This dissertation explores the integration of clean energy and electrochemical CO2 reduction to address environmental issues. Metal-free nitrogen-doped carbon materials, derived from renewable biomass, emerge as efficient catalysts for CO2 reduction, offering sustainability and cost-effectiveness. Chapters delve into methods of N-doped biochar...
doctoral thesis 2023
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Lammers, Tom (author)
Over the past decades, global efforts have been made to address climate change and improve the well-being of our planet. The European Union (EU) has set ambitious greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets and strategies to combat climate change. Bio-energy, specifically biofuels produced from biomass, has gained significant attention as a...
master thesis 2023
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Yasmin Athira Fauziah, Yasmin (author)
The global energy sector is a substantial contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, responsible for approximately 75% of such emissions worldwide. Indonesia, ranking twelfth in energy consumption and ninth in global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fuel combustion, is faced with the challenge of addressing its significant carbon footprint....
master thesis 2023
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Markman, Lars (author)
Utilizing waste and wood pellets in gasification reactors is a promising solution to the waste and energy problem. However, plant shutdowns often occur due to failures in the feedstock handling systems. Unfortunately, research focusing on the flow properties and the impact of mechanical degradation on the flow properties of pellets is lacking....
master thesis 2023
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Botter, Chan (author)
<b>Goal and Scope</b>. The decarbonization challenge is especially dire for the energy-intensive industries which worldwide account for a large sum of carbon dioxide emissions. Heat is an essential product demanded by the energy-intensive industries and is currently produced through extensive use of carbon-based fuels including coal, natural gas...
master thesis 2023
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Milisav, Andrej (author)
The transport sector remains one of the largest CO2 emitting sectors globally. Decarbonizing the transport sector is an important aspect in the energy transition. The word transition is key, since it will take several decades or more to transition to a fully sustainable world. During this transition mainly heavy-duty vehicles and probably most...
master thesis 2023
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Bias, Nikos (author)
The global temperature rise has pushed governments more into finding ways to reduce CO2 emissions, by increasing the use of renewable fuels. Lignocellulosic biomass (wood, forest residues, agricultural residues) is a renewable fuel that has still not been utilized to its full potential. That is because it lacks properties such as homogeneity,...
master thesis 2023
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Das Sadiq, Kabir (author), Aravind, P.V. (author), Woudstra, T. (author), Jaiganesh, N. (author), Ajith kumar, R. (author)
The performance of a 30-kW gasifier–SOFC–GT system was evaluated using thermodynamic calculations. Nickel/Gadolinia Doped Ceria (Ni/GDC) anodes were utilized for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs). These systems can achieve high electrical efficiencies of above 50%. The goal of the study is to evaluate trends in system efficiency when carbon...
journal article 2023
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Fu, S. (author), Li, M. (author), Asperti, S. (author), de Jong, W. (author), Kortlever, R. (author)
N-doped carbon materials can be efficient and cost-effective catalysts for the electrochemical CO<sub>2</sub> reduction reaction (CO<sub>2</sub>RR). Activators are often used in the synthesis process to increase the specific surface area and porosity of these carbon materials. However, owing to the diversity of activators and the differences...
journal article 2023
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Kuo, Po Chih (author), Sun, Zhuang (author), Özdemir, F. (author), Aziz, Muhammad (author), Wu, Wei (author)
Efficient CO<sub>2</sub> utilization in the thermochemical conversion of biomass plays an important role in creating a future low-carbon economy. This study attempts to explore the CO<sub>2</sub>-assisted chemical looping gasification and co-gasification process of lignocellulosic biomass components (hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin) with...
journal article 2023
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Anderson, Lindsey D. (author), Dix, Barbara (author), Schnell, Jordan (author), Yokelson, Robert (author), Veefkind, j. Pepijn (author), Ahmadov, Ravan (author), de Gouw, Joost (author)
Wildfires have become larger and more frequent because of climate change, increasing their impact on air pollution. Air quality forecasts and climate models do not currently account for changes in the composition of wildfire emissions during the commonly observed progression from more flaming to smoldering combustion. Laboratory measurements...
journal article 2023
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Li, Ji (author), Hao, Xiaodi (author), Shen, Zhan (author), Wu, Yuanyuan (author), van Loosdrecht, Mark C.M. (author)
A high moisture content of waste activated sludge (WAS) associated with a low calorific value needs to be deeply dried towards self-supporting incineration. On the other hand, thermal energy with low temperature exchanged from treated effluent has great potential for drying sludge. Unfortunately, low-temperature drying of sludge seems to be...
journal article 2023
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Cutz, L. (author), Tiringer, U. (author), de Jong, W. (author), Mol, J.M.C. (author)
Long transport distances and extended storage of biomass pellets especially in humid environments provide a suitable setting for enhanced degradation in the form of moisture sorption, cracking and attrition. We developed an optically transparent, low-cost and environmentally friendly coating to reduce moisture sorption and storage degradation...
journal article 2023
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Cutz, L. (author), Maldonado de León, H.A. (author), Zambrano, Gamaliel (author), Al-Naji, Majd (author), de Jong, W. (author)
The oil palm industry has been under public scrutiny during the last decades due to environmental and social issues related to its practices. Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) trunks (OPTs) are of special interest as they are left idle in the field after the replanting process which is performed every 25 years. This common practice results...
journal article 2023
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Jankovic, T.J. (author), Straathof, Adrie J.J. (author), Kiss, A.A. (author)
This original research contributes to enhancing the viability of biorefineries through recovering valuable by-products from the liquid remaining after the biomass pretreatment by hot liquid water. A novel downstream processing method is developed for the recovery of acetic acid, formic acid, furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) by...
journal article 2023
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Jankovic, T.J. (author), Straathof, Adrie J.J. (author), Kiss, A.A. (author)
Lignocellulosic biomass potentially represents a great feedstock for biofuel production, but its’ pretreatment needs to be enhanced in order to make biorefineries competitive with fossil fuel based alternatives. One way to make biorefineries more economically viable is to recover and valorize all generated by-products during the biomass...
book chapter 2023
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Chandrasekaran, S. (author), Salah, Nora B. (author), Posada Duque, J.A. (author)
To be the first carbon-neutral continent by 2050, the European Union (EU) should decarbonize the aviation sector. According to the ReFuel initiative, sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs) are crucial in reducing carbon emissions from the sector. The Clean Sky 2 program by the EU commission, shortlisted four promising technologies - hydro...
book chapter 2023
Searched for: subject%3A%22Biomass%22
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