Searched for: subject%3A%22Continuous%255C-Time%22
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Javvaji, L.S. (author), Bolatkale, M. (author), Bajoria, Shagun (author), Rutten, Robert (author), Essink, Bert Oude (author), Beijens, Koen (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Breems, L.J. (author)
Advances in CMOS technologies and circuit techniques have led to the development of continuous-time delta-sigma modulators (CTΔ Σ Ms) that sample at gigahertz (GHz) frequencies and achieve high linearity [-100 dBc and >120 dBFS spurious-free dynamic ranges (SFDRs)] in wide bandwidths (>100 MHz). However, at low frequencies (≤ 10 MHz),...
journal article 2024
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Gonzalez, Rodrigo A. (author), Classens, Koen (author), Rojas, Cristian R. (author), Welsh, James S. (author), Oomen, T.A.E. (author)
Block coordinate descent is an optimization technique that is used for estimating multi-input single-output (MISO) continuous-time models, as well as single-input single output (SISO) models in additive form. Despite its widespread use in various optimization contexts, the statistical properties of block coordinate descent in continuous-time...
journal article 2024
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Kanli, Emre (author)
This thesis describes the design and simulation of a capacitively-coupled autozeroed and chopped operational amplifier in the TSMC high-voltage BCD 0.18 μm 5 V technology. It uses chopping and autozeroing to achieve high precision (10 μV offset and 50 nV/√Hz noise density) and a capacitively-coupled input stage to safely handle beyond-the-rails...
master thesis 2023
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González, Rodrigo A. (author), Tiels, Koen (author), Oomen, T.A.E. (author)
Control applications are increasingly sampled non-equidistantly in time, including in motion control, networked control, resource-aware control, and event-triggered control. Some of these applications use measurement devices that sample equidistantly in the amplitude domain. The aim of this paper is to develop a non-parametric estimator of...
journal article 2023
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Elton, Augustus (author), González, Rodrigo A. (author), Welsh, James S. (author), Oomen, T.A.E. (author), Rojas, Cristian R. (author)
Blind system identification is aimed at finding parameters of a system model when the input is inaccessible. In this paper, we propose a blind system identification method that delivers a single-input single-output, continuous-time model in a nonparametric kernel form. We take advantage of the representer theorem to form a joint maximum a...
journal article 2023
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YU, Jinqian (author)
This thesis focuses on the design of a high input impedance sensor readout system based on a continuous-time sigma-delta modulator with finite-impulse-response digital-to-analog converter feedback.<br/><br/>Both the system-level and circuit-level design techniques of this system are investigated. The concept and design methods of finite-impulse...
master thesis 2022
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Pecanins Martínez, Victor (author)
Several techniques have been proposed to reduce the swing at the input stage of a CTDSM. One of these is using a simple passive RC input stage. In prior works, this increased in-band quantization noise. In this paper, we use positive feedback to realize complex-conjugate poles with a passive input stage, obtaining the same noise-shaping as an...
master thesis 2022
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Mehrotra, Shubham (author), Eland, Efraim (author), Karmakar, S. (author), Liu, Angqi (author), Gonen, B. (author), Bolatkale, M. (author), Van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a continuous-Time zoom ADC for audio applications. It combines a 4-bit noise-shaping coarse SAR ADC and a fine delta-sigma modulator with a tail-resistor linearized OTA for improved linearity, energy efficiency, and handling of out-of-band interferers compared to previous designs. In 160 nm CMOS, the prototype chip...
conference paper 2022
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Toth, Nandor (author)
This thesis presents an energy-efficient high-accuracy temperature sensor that combines a BJT front-end with a continuous-time readout circuit. Its front-end is based on PNP transistors, which, compared to NPNs, are more widely available in CMOS processes and less sensitive to stress. In this design, proportional-to-absolute-temperature (PTAT)...
master thesis 2021
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Mohamed Mahmoud Saad Hassan Saad, Mohamed (author)
This thesis presents a BJT-based CMOS temperature-to-digital converter (TDC). With a continuous-time readout, the TDC avoids the kT/C noise limit incurred by previous discrete-time (switched-capacitor) TDCs. An energy-efficient BJT front-end generates single PTAT and CTAT currents for being digitized by a delta-sigma modulator through a linear...
master thesis 2020
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Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article describes a highly energy-efficient Wheatstone bridge temperature sensor. To maximize sensitivity, the bridge is made from resistors with positive (silicided diffusion) and negative (poly) temperature coefficients. The bridge is balanced by a resistive (poly) FIR-DAC, which is part of a 2nd-order continuous-time delta-sigma...
journal article 2020
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Gonen, B. (author), Karmakar, S. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article presents a continuous-Time zoom analog to digital converter (ADC) for audio applications. It employs a high-speed asynchronous SAR ADC that dynamically updates the references of a continuous-Time delta-sigma modulator (CTDSM). Compared to previous switched-capacitor (SC) zoom ADCs, its input impedance is essentially resistive,...
journal article 2020
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Jiang, H. (author), Nihtianova, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes an energy-efficient bridge readout IC (ROIC), which consists of a capacitively coupled instrumentation amplifier (CCIA) that drives a continuous-time delta–sigma modulator (CTM). By exploiting the CCIA’s ability<br/>to block dc common-mode voltages, the bridge’s bias voltage may exceed the ROIC’s supply voltage, allowing...
journal article 2019
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Pan, S. (author), Luo, Yanquan (author), Heidary Shalmany, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes a high-resolution energy-efficient CMOS temperature sensor, intended for the temperature compensation of MEMS/quartz frequency references. The sensor is based on silicided poly-silicon thermistors, which are embedded in a Wien-bridge RC filter. When driven at a fixed frequency, the filter exhibits a temperature-dependent...
journal article 2018
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Fearnhead, Paul (author), Bierkens, G.N.J.C. (author), Pollock, Murray (author), Roberts, Gareth O. (author)
Recently, there have been conceptually new developments in Monte Carlo methods through the introduction of new MCMC and sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) algorithms which are based on continuous-time, rather than discrete-time, Markov processes. This has led to some fundamentally new Monte Carlo algorithms which can be used to sample from, say, a...
journal article 2018
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Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes a compact, energy efficient, resistor-based temperature sensor that can operate over a wide temperature range (-55 °C-125 °C). The sensor is based on a Wheatstone bridge (WhB) made from silicided poly-silicon and non-silicided poly-silicon resistors. To achieve both area and energy efficiencies, the current output of the WhB...
journal article 2018
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Jiang, H. (author), Ligouras, C. (author), Nihtianova, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
When chopping is applied to a continuous-time sigmadelta modulator (CTΣΔM), quantization noise fold-back often occurs, leading to increased in-band noise. This can be prevented by employing a return-to-zero (RZ) digital-to-analog converter (RZ DAC) in the modulator's feedback path and arranging the chopping transitions to coincide with its RZ...
journal article 2018
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van der Hoek, D.C. (author)
Increasing the capacity of offshore wind energy is a necessary step in the transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. In order to accelerate this process, the costs of wind energy should be reduced to make it more competitive with traditional energy sources. Cost reduction could be achieved by increasing the lifetime of an...
master thesis 2017
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Bierkens, G.N.J.C. (author), Duncan, Andrew (author)
Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods provide an essential tool in statistics for sampling from complex probability distributions. While the standard approach to MCMC involves constructing discrete-time reversible Markov chains whose transition kernel is obtained via the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm, there has been recent interest in...
journal article 2017
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Jiang, H. (author), Vogel, J.G. (author), Nihtianova, S. (author)
This paper presents a direct digital converter for Wheatstone bridge sensors, which is realized with commercial off-the-shelf components. The power efficiency of the readout is enhanced by embedding the bridge sensor in a second-order continuous-time sigma-delta modulator (CTDeltaSigmaM). By directly digitizing the output signal of a Wheatstone...
journal article 2017
Searched for: subject%3A%22Continuous%255C-Time%22
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