Searched for: subject%3A%22Epidemiology%22
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Achterberg, M.A. (author)
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a disruptive impact on healthcare systems and everyday life of the majority of the people around the globe. Despite many years of research on network epidemiology, many key aspects of disease transmission and in particular the response of people to the spread of a disease, remain poorly understood. On the basis of...
doctoral thesis 2024
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van Buuren, Michiel M.A. (author), Ahedi, Harbeer (author), Arbabi, Vahid (author), Arden, Nigel K. (author), Cicuttini, Flavia (author), Cootes, Timothy F. (author), Crossley, Kay (author), Felson, David (author), Kluzek, Stefan (author), Lane, Nancy E. (author), Lynch, John A. (author), Nelson, Amanda E. (author), Weinans, Harrie (author), Agricola, Rintje (author)
Purpose Hip osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of pain and disability worldwide. Lack of effective therapies may reflect poor knowledge on its aetiology and risk factors, and result in the management of end-stage hip OA with costly joint replacement. The Worldwide Collaboration on OsteoArthritis prediCtion for the Hip (World COACH)...
journal article 2024
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Achterberg, M.A. (author), Sensi, M. (author)
The interplay between disease spreading and personal risk perception is of key importance for modelling the spread of infectious diseases. We propose a planar system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) to describe the co-evolution of a spreading phenomenon and the average link density in the personal contact network. Contrary to...
journal article 2023
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Bizzarri, D. (author), Reinders, M.J.T. (author), Beekman, Marian (author), Slagboom, P. Eline (author), van den Akker, E.B. (author)
1H-NMR metabolomics data is increasingly used to track health and disease. Nightingale Health, a major supplier of 1H-NMR metabolomics, has recently updated the quantification strategy to further align with clinical standards. Such updates, however, might influence backward replicability, particularly affecting studies with repeated measures....
journal article 2023
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Chekkala, Aashlesha (author), Atasoy, M. (author), Williams, Cecilia (author), Cetecioglu, Zeynep (author)
An approach based on wastewater epidemiology can be used to monitor the COVID-19 pandemic by assessing the gene copy number of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater. In the present study, we statistically analyzed such data from six inlets of three wastewater treatment plants, covering six regions of Stockholm, Sweden, collected over an approximate year...
journal article 2023
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Liu, X. (author), Kayser, Manfred (author), Kushner, S.A. (author), Tiemeier, H (author), Rivadeneira, F (author), Jaddoe, Vincent (author), Niessen, W.J. (author), Wolvius, E.B. (author), Roshchupkin, G.V. (author)
STUDY QUESTION: Is there an association between low-to-moderate levels of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and children's facial shape? SUMMARY ANSWER: PAE before and during pregnancy, even at low level (<12 g of alcohol per week), was found associated with the facial shape of children, and these associations were found attenuated as...
journal article 2023
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Naughton, Colleen C. (author), Roman, Fernando A. (author), Alvarado, Ana Grace F. (author), Tariqi, Arianna Q. (author), Deeming, Matthew A. (author), Kadonsky, Krystin F. (author), Bibby, Kyle (author), Bivins, Aaron (author), Medema, G.J. (author)
A year since the declaration of the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, there were over 110 million cases and 2.5 million deaths. Learning from methods to track community spread of other viruses such as poliovirus, environmental virologists and those in the wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) field quickly adapted their...
journal article 2023
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Zehnder, Calvin (author), Béen, Frederic (author), Vojinovic, Zoran (author), Savic, Dragan (author), Torres, Arlex Sanchez (author), Mark, Ole (author), Zlatanovic, L. (author), Abebe, Y.A. (author)
Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) has been proven to be a useful tool in monitoring public health-related issues such as drug use, and disease. By sampling wastewater and applying WBE methods, wastewater-detectable pathogens such as viruses can be cheaply and effectively monitored, tracking people who might be missed or under-represented in...
journal article 2023
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Bilo, Rob A.C. (author), Loeve, A.J. (author), Robben, Simon G.F. (author), Van Rijn, Rick R. (author)
A fracture is a partial or complete disruption of the continuity of bone or cartilage, due to mechanical forces exceeding the strength of the bone or cartilage to withstand these forces.Fractures are common in children. In a large Swedish study, the overall annual incidence of fractures in children was 2.1% (2.6 for boys; 1.7 for girls). Most...
book chapter 2023
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Marang-van de Mheen, P.J. (author), Thomas, Eric J. (author), Graber, Mark L. (author)
contribution to periodical 2023
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Bilo, Rob A.C. (author), Vester, Marloes E.M. (author), Loeve, A.J. (author), Teeuw, Rian A.H. (author)
Child abuse, irrespective of the type of child abuse, probably is the most prevalent risk factor for the development of children. Physical abuse is the type of abuse with the highest risk of infliction of injuries. The most injured organ due to physical abuse is the skin, with bruises being the most prevalent cutaneous injury. Other cutaneous...
book chapter 2023
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Stikkers, Anastasia (author)
This thesis provides knowledge on factors affecting the representativeness of wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) for monitoring the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The application of WBE to monitor health parameters has become essential due to the COVID-19 outbreak in March 2020. WBE is a well-known method to track the SARS-CoV-2 virus in wastewater and is...
master thesis 2022
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Bergen, Willemijn (author)
The spread of Covid-19 is modelled in this Bachelor thesis. This is done using two compartmental epidemiological models: the SIR-model and SIRS-model. These models divide the population into three groups, namely Susceptible, Infected and Recovered. Artificial data is generated based on the stochastic version of the models. The models are applied...
bachelor thesis 2022
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Calderon Franco, D. (author), Orschler, Laura (author), Lackner, Susanne (author), Agrawal, Shelesh (author), Weissbrodt, D.G. (author)
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemia has been one of the most difficult challenges humankind has recently faced. Wastewater-based epidemiology has emerged as a tool for surveillance and mitigation of potential viral outbreaks, circumventing biases introduced by clinical patient testing. Due to the situation...
journal article 2022
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Bizzarri, D. (author), Reinders, M.J.T. (author), Beekman, M. (author), Slagboom, P. E. (author), van den Akker, E.B. (author)
Background: Missing or incomplete phenotypic information can severely deteriorate the statistical power in epidemiological studies. High-throughput quantification of small-molecules in bio-samples, i.e. ‘metabolomics’, is steadily gaining popularity, as it is highly informative for various phenotypical characteristics. Here we aim to leverage...
journal article 2022
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Achterberg, M.A. (author), Prasse, B. (author), Ma, L. (author), Trajanovski, S. (author), Kitsak, M.A. (author), Van Mieghem, P.F.A. (author)
Researchers from various scientific disciplines have attempted to forecast the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The proposed epidemic prediction methods range from basic curve fitting methods and traffic interaction models to machine-learning approaches. If we combine all these approaches, we obtain the Network Inference-based...
journal article 2022
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de Mooij, Jan (author), Dell'Anna, D. (author), Bhattacharya, Parantapa (author), Dastani, Mehdi (author), Logan, Brian (author), Swarup, Samarth (author)
Simulation is a useful tool for evaluating behavioral interventions when the adoption rate among a population is uncertain. Individual agent models are often prohibitively expensive, but, unlike stochastic models, allow studying compliance heterogeneity. In this paper we demonstrate the feasibility of evaluating behavioral intervention...
journal article 2022
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Kreulen, Kurt (author), de Bruin, B. (author), Ghorbani, Amineh (author), Mellema, René (author), Kammler, Christian (author), Vanhee, Loïs (author), Dignum, Frank (author), Dignum, Virginia (author)
Since its first appearance in Wuhan (China), countries have been employing, to varying degrees of success, a series of non-pharmaceutical interventions aimed at limiting the spread of SARS-CoV-2 within their populations. In this article, we build on scientific work that demonstrates that culture is part of the explanation for the observed...
journal article 2022
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Aylett-Bullock, Joseph (author), Gilman, Robert Tucker (author), Hall, Ian (author), Kennedy, David (author), Evers, Egmond Samir (author), Katta, Anjali (author), Ahmed, Hussien (author), Fong, Kevin (author), Comes, M. (author), Gaanderse, M.Q. (author)
The spread of infectious diseases such as COVID-19 presents many challenges to healthcare systems and infrastructures across the world, exacerbating inequalities and leaving the world's most vulnerable populations at risk. Epidemiological modelling is vital to guiding evidence-informed or data-driven decision making. In forced displacement...
journal article 2022
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Gobardhan, Rommy (author)
The study of epidemic spreading processes on contact based complex networks has gained a lot of traction in recent years. These processes can entail a variety of problems such as disease spreading, opinion spreading in social networks or even airport congestion in airline networks. One of the key tasks in this area of research and also of this...
master thesis 2021
Searched for: subject%3A%22Epidemiology%22
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