Searched for: subject%3A%22Ethics%22
(1 - 20 of 207)

Pages

document
Li, S. (author)
In response to the pressing demand for elderly care, care robots, the robots used by care receivers and/or caregivers for care purposes in various settings, such as hospitals, nursing homes, and personal residences were introduced and have been gaining traction as a technological solution to improve care quality and to enhance the value of...
doctoral thesis 2022
document
Jung, Ji Youn (author)
Research has shown how people anthropomorphize conversational agents (CA) and unconsciously bring their gender stereotypes into human-agent interaction. For this reason, there has been a long lasted dilemma on whether designers should design CAs that conform to or violate stereotypical expectations. Despite the urgency and importance of...
master thesis 2022
document
Geiser, Fabian (author)
Roads are currently governed by relatively static rules communicated via road signs, road surface markings and navigation apps. However they could also be dynamic, allowing road space to be allocated for a multitude of activities over time. The Code the Streets project envisions a digital system for managing urban mobility in Amsterdam that...
master thesis 2022
document
Martins Martinho Bessa, A.C. (author)
As Artificial Intelligence (AI) becomes increasingly important in modern society, there is a pressing need to address the ethical issues associated with these technologies. AI Ethics is a necessary endeavor to capitalize on the benefits of AI while minimizing its risks. However, it faces important challenges related to normative urgency, multi...
doctoral thesis 2022
document
PAPAEVANGELOU, ELENI (author)
The deprivation and loss of biodiversity is one of the most alarming environmental problems of today’s, threatening precious ecosystem services, animal, and plant existence, as well as human welfare. This project attempts to create a win win situation between human and city animals. Ethical farms like guano, feather, worm, and insect farm are...
master thesis 2022
document
van der Waart, Darren (author)
In ‘Discovering the Colonial Institute: the Tropenmuseum’ historical research is conducted on the colonial traces that can be found in the Colonial Institute, which is now known as the Tropenmuseum. Nowadays much attention is paid in Dutch society to how the colonial past is dealt with. But at a point in history, as a Dutch citizen, it was...
student report 2022
document
Kokot, Anna (author)
It is evident that modern zoos are attempting to educate visitors about animals and earth sciences, as well as implementing conservation and research programs for endangered species as stated in the World Association of Zoos and Animals priorities (WAZA, n.d.). However, despite their noble intentions and friendly image, zoos have some darker...
student report 2022
document
Rudnicka, Alicja (author)
The research looks at the role of architecture education in the female architects practising between 1930 and 1972 in Poland. It investigates not contested women's contribution to architecture development, as they are unquestionably underexplored and underappreciated. Women's participation in the construction of Polish cities remains a blank...
student report 2022
document
Clancy III, R.F. (author), Ge, Yan (author), An, Longfei (author)
Research in engineering ethics has examined the effects of education on the ethical knowledge and reasoning of students from mostly WEIRD (Western educated industrialized rich democratic) cultures. However, it is unclear that findings from WEIRD samples are transferable across cultures. China now graduates and employs more STEM (science...
journal article 2022
document
Theunissen, M.R. (author), Browning, Jacob (author)
There is a current debate about if, and in what sense, machine learning systems used in the medical context need to be explainable. Those arguing in favor contend these systems require post hoc explanations for each individual decision to increase trust and ensure accurate diagnoses. Those arguing against suggest the high accuracy and...
journal article 2022
document
Pesch, U. (author)
The need to adapt to climate change brings about moral concerns that according to ‘eco-centric’ critiques cannot be resolved by modernist ethics, as this takes humans as the only beings capable of intentionality and rationality. However, if intentionality and rationality are reconsidered as ‘counterfactual hypotheses’ it becomes possible to...
journal article 2022
document
de Boer, Bas (author), Kudina, O. (author)
In this paper, we examine the qualitative moral impact of machine learning-based clinical decision support systems in the process of medical diagnosis. To date, discussions about machine learning in this context have focused on problems that can be measured and assessed quantitatively, such as by estimating the extent of potential harm or...
journal article 2022
document
Calzati, S. (author)
Purpose: This study advances a reconceptualization of data and information which overcomes normative understandings often contained in data policies at national and international levels. This study aims to propose a conceptual framework that moves beyond subject- and collective-centric normative understandings. Design/methodology/approach: To...
journal article 2022
document
Liscio, E. (author), van der Meer, M.T. (author), Cavalcante Siebert, L. (author), Jonker, C.M. (author), Murukannaiah, P.K. (author)
The pursuit of values drives human behavior and promotes cooperation. Existing research is focused on general values (e.g., Schwartz) that transcend contexts. However, context-specific values are necessary to (1) understand human decisions, and (2) engineer intelligent agents that can elicit and align with human values. We propose Axies, a...
journal article 2022
document
Jongsma, Karin Rolanda (author), Sand, M. (author)
journal article 2022
document
Cavalcante Siebert, L. (author), Lupetti, M.L. (author), Aizenberg, E. (author), Beckers, N.W.M. (author), Zgonnikov, A. (author), Veluwenkamp, H.M. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), Giaccardi, Elisa (author), Houben, G.J.P.M. (author), Jonker, C.M. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author), Forster, D. (author), Lagendijk, R.L. (author)
How can humans remain in control of artificial intelligence (AI)-based systems designed to perform tasks autonomously? Such systems are increasingly ubiquitous, creating benefits - but also undesirable situations where moral responsibility for their actions cannot be properly attributed to any particular person or group. The concept of...
journal article 2022
document
Richie, C.S. (author)
Artificial intelligence (AI) can transform health care by delivering medical services to underserved areas, while also filling gaps in health care provider availability. However, AI may also lead to patient harm due to fatal glitches in robotic surgery, bias in diagnosis, or dangerous recommendations. Despite concerns ethicists have identified...
journal article 2022
document
Papadimitriou, E. (author), Farah, H. (author), van de Kaa, G. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author), van Gelder, P.H.A.J.M. (author)
Automated vehicles (AVs) aim to dramatically improve traffic safety by reducing or eliminating human error, which remains the leading cause of road crashes. However, commonly accepted standards for the ‘safe driving behaviour of machines’ are pending and urgently needed. Unless a common understanding of safety as a design value is achieved,...
journal article 2022
document
Jafino, B.A. (author), Kwakkel, J.H. (author), Klijn, F. (author)
To support equitable adaptation planning, quantitative assessments should consider the fairness of the distribution of outcomes to different people. What constitutes a fair distribution, however, is a normative question. In this study, we explore the use of different moral principles drawn from theories of distributive justice to evaluate...
journal article 2022
document
Samuel, Gabrielle (author), Richie, C.S. (author)
In this paper we argue the need to reimagine research ethics frameworks to include notions of environmental sustainability. While there have long been calls for healthcare ethics frameworks and decision-making to include aspects of sustainability, less attention has focused on how research ethics frameworks could address this. To do this, we...
journal article 2022
Searched for: subject%3A%22Ethics%22
(1 - 20 of 207)

Pages