Searched for: subject:"Ethics"
(1 - 20 of 114)

Pages

document
Robbins, S.A. (author)
Machine Learning (ML) is reaching the peak of a hype cycle. If you can think of a personal or grand societal challenge – then ML is being proposed to solve it. For example, ML is purported to be able to assist in the current global pandemic by predicting COVID-19 outbreaks and identifying carriers (see, e.g., Ardabili et al. 2020). ML can make...
doctoral thesis 2021
document
Doorn, N. (author)
Recent years have seen a rise of techniques based on artificial intelligence (AI). With that have also come initiatives for guidance on how to develop “responsible AI” aligned with human and ethical values. Compared to sectors like energy, healthcare, or transportation, the use of AI-based techniques in the water domain is relatively modest....
journal article 2021
document
Martins Martinho Bessa, A.C. (author), Herber, Nils (author), Kroesen, M. (author), Chorus, C.G. (author)
The onset of autonomous driving has provided fertile ground for discussions about ethics in recent years. These discussions are heavily documented in the scientific literature and have mainly revolved around extreme traffic situations depicted as moral dilemmas, i.e. situations in which the autonomous vehicle (AV) is required to make a...
journal article 2021
document
Teng, Y. (author)
This paper proposes a novel way to understand trust in blockchain technology by analogy with trust placed in institutions. In support of the analysis, a detailed investigation of institutional trust is provided, which is then used as the basis for understanding the nature and ethical limits of blockchain trust. Two interrelated arguments are...
journal article 2021
document
Yalew, S.G. (author), Kwakkel, J.H. (author), Doorn, N. (author)
The importance of cooperation on transboundary waters is stated as a target in the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals (SDG6: water). Cooperation on transboundary water management is critical, particularly because it concerns issues across multiple states, SDGs and targets regarding agriculture, energy, ecosystems,...
journal article 2021
document
Delacroix, Sylvie (author), Wagner, B. (author)
When the word 'ethical' becomes synonymous with specious, you know that something is amiss. With each data governance scandal, with each creation of a corporate 'ethics board', 'ethical standards' seemingly lose a few more feathers, to the point of generating instant suspicion when invoked in any official report. We argue that a key challenge...
journal article 2021
document
Milchram, C. (author)
Smart grids within the transition to sustainable energy systems Smart grid systems are widely considered as crucial in the energy transition, because they allow for greater flexibility in bridging temporal gaps between electricity supply and demand in renewable energy systems. To do so, the systems make use of information and communication...
doctoral thesis 2020
document
Ajmeri, Nirav (author), Murukannaiah, P.K. (author), Guo, Hui (author), Singh, Munindar P. (author)
We address the problem of designing agents that navigate social norms by selecting ethically appropriate actions. We present Elessar, a framework in which agents aggregate value preferences of users and select ethically appropriate actions through multicriteria decision making in different social contexts. Via simulations, seeded with a survey...
conference paper 2020
document
Murukannaiah, P.K. (author), Ajmeri, Nirav (author), Jonker, C.M. (author), Singh, Munindar P. (author)
Ethics is inherently a multiagent concern. However, research on AI ethics today is dominated by work on individual agents: (1) how an autonomous robot or car may harm or (differentially) benefit people in hypothetical situations (the so-called trolley problems) and (2) how a machine learning algorithm may produce biased decisions or...
conference paper 2020
document
Klenk, M.B.O.T. (author)
According to some philosophers of technology, technology embodies moral values in virtue of its functional properties and the intentions of its designers. But this paper shows that such an account makes the values supposedly embedded in technology epistemically opaque and that it does not allow for values to change. Therefore, to overcome...
journal article 2020
document
Viganò, Eleonora (author), Loi, Michele (author), Yaghmaei, E. (author)
This chapter provides a political and philosophical analysis of the values at stake in ensuring cybersecurity for critical infrastructures. It presents a review of the boundaries of cybersecurity in national security, with a focus on the ethics of surveillance for protecting critical infrastructures and the use of AI. A bibliographic analysis...
book chapter 2020
document
van der Waa, J.S. (author), van Diggelen, Jurriaan (author), Cavalcante Siebert, L. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Jonker, C.M. (author)
Artificially intelligent agents will deal with more morally sensitive situations as the field of AI progresses. Research efforts are made to regulate, design and build Artificial Moral Agents (AMAs) capable of making moral decisions. This research is highly multidisciplinary with each their own jargon and vision, and so far it is unclear...
conference paper 2020
document
Robbins, H.V. (author), Stone, T.W. (author), Bolte, John (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
This paper introduces the design principle of legibility as means to examine the epistemic and ethical conditions of sensing technologies. Emerging sensing technologies create new possibilities regarding what to measure, as well as how to analyze, interpret, and communicate said measurements. In doing so, they create ethical challenges for...
journal article 2020
document
Lopez-Cantero, Pilar (author), Archer, Alfred (author)
In this paper we develop a view about the disorientation attached to the process of falling out of love and explain its prudential and moral value. We start with a brief background on theories of love and situate our argument within the views concerned with the lovers’ identities. Namely, love changes who we are. In the context of our paper,...
journal article 2020
document
Marin, L. (author)
Ethical reflection is considered to be an important competency for engineering ethics education. However it has no clear definition, which makes it difficult to effectively incorporate it into engineering ethics education. This paper proposes an operationalisation of ethical reflection into four learning goals which can help educators explicitly...
conference paper 2020
document
Hopster, J. (author), Klenk, M.B.O.T. (author)
What is the significance of empirical moral psychology for metaethics? In this article we take up Michael Ruse's evolutionary debunking argument against moral realism and reassess it in the context of the empirical state of the art. Ruse's argument depends on the phenomenological presumption that people generally experience morality as...
journal article 2020
document
Hayes, P.D. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author), Steen, Marc (author)
This article presents a conceptual investigation into the value impacts and relations of algorithms in the domain of justice and security. As a conceptual investigation, it represents one step in a value sensitive design based methodology (not incorporated here are empirical and technical investigations). Here, we explicate and analyse the...
journal article 2020
document
Robbins, S.A. (author)
conference paper 2020
document
Friedman, Batya (author), Hendry, David G. (author), Umbrello, Steven (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author), Yoo, Daisy (author)
conference paper 2020
document
Forgó, Nikolaus (author), Hänold, Stefanie (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author), Krügel, Tina (author), Lishchuk, Iryna (author), Mahieu, R.L.P. (author), Monreale, Anna (author), Pedreschi, Dino (author), Pratesi, Francesca (author), van Putten, D.C. (author)
This paper presents a framework for research infrastructures enabling ethically sensitive and legally compliant data science in Europe. Our goal is to describe how to design and implement an open platform for big data social science, including, in particular, personal data. To this end, we discuss a number of infrastructural, organizational...
journal article 2020
Searched for: subject:"Ethics"
(1 - 20 of 114)

Pages