Searched for: subject:"Ethics"
(1 - 20 of 66)

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Mahieu, R.L.P. (author), van Eck, Nees Jan (author), van Putten, D.C. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Our lives are increasingly intertwined with the digital realm, and with new technology, new ethical problems emerge. The academic field that addresses these problems—which we tentatively call ‘digital ethics’—can be an important intellectual resource for policy making and regulation. This is why it is important to understand how the new...
journal article 2018
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Alfano, M.R. (author), Rusch, Hannes (author), Uhl, Matthias (author)
contribution to periodical 2018
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Stelling, A. (author), Vlakveld, W. P. (author), van Gent, P. (author), Commandeur, J. J.F. (author), van Wee, G.P. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
Listening to music while cycling impairs cyclists’ auditory perception and may decrease their awareness of approaching vehicles. If the impaired auditory perception is not compensated by the cyclist himself or other road users involved, crashes may occur. The first aim of this study was to investigate in real traffic whether teenage cyclists ...
journal article 2018
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Swart, Jac A.A. (author), Zevenberg, Jorien (author), Ho, P.P.S. (author), Cortina, Jordi (author), Reed, Mark (author), Derak, Mchich (author), Vella, Steven (author), Zhao, Heng (author), van der Windt, Henny J. (author)
It is widely acknowledged that ecosystems often cannot be considered as separated from social systems, but that they should rather be seen as interacting, cross-scaled, coupled systems operating on multiple temporal and spatial scales. Humans have an increasing impact on ecosystems worldwide, while at the same time ecosystems are of critical...
journal article 2018
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Roeser, S. (author), Alfano, V.R. (author), Nevejan, Caroline (author)
In this article, we explore the role that art can play in ethical reflection on risky and controversial technologies. New technologies often give rise to societal controversies about their potential risks and benefits. Over the last decades, social scientists, psychologists, and philosophers have criticized quantitative approaches to risk on...
journal article 2018
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Doorn, N. (author)
This paper aims to develop a framework for distributing risks. Based on a distinction between risks with reversible losses and risks with irreversible losses, I defend the following composite allocation principle: first, irreversible risks should be allocated on the basis of needs and only after some threshold level has been achieved can the...
journal article 2018
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Debates on lethal autonomous weapon systems have proliferated in the past 5 years. Ethical concerns have been voiced about a possible raise in the number of wrongs and crimes in military operations and about the creation of a “responsibility gap” for harms caused by these systems. To address these concerns, the principle of “meaningful human...
journal article 2018
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Robbins-van Wynsberghe, A.L. (author), Robbins, S.A. (author)
journal article 2018
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Bruynseels, K.R.C. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Personalized medicine uses fine grained information on individual persons, to pinpoint deviations from the normal. ‘Digital Twins’ in engineering provide a conceptual framework to analyze these emerging data-driven health care practices, as well as their conceptual and ethical implications for therapy, preventative care and human enhancement....
journal article 2018
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Buscher, M (author), Easton, C. (author), Kerasidou, C. (author), Petersen, K (author), Baur, A. (author), Quinn, R.A. (author), Heesen, J. (author), Boden, Alexander (author), Hofmann, B (author), Boersma, K. (author), Galdon Clavell, G. (author), Föger, N. (author), Comes, M. (author), Stachowicz, A. (author), Choraś, M. (author), Kozik, R. (author), Jasmontaite, L. (author), González Fuster, G. (author), Lund, D. (author), Bonnamour, M-C. (author), Lujan Escalante, M.A. (author), Alter, H. (author)
This paper describes the IsITethical? Exchange, a European knowledge and service hub we are developing with and for diverse parties involved in crisis and disaster risk management. Their commitment to European values and fundamental rights underpins the rationale of the initiative, which is to support European societies’ need for high quality...
conference paper 2018
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Stone, T.W. (author)
Grounded in the practical problem of light pollution, this paper examines the aesthetic dimensions of urban and natural darkness, and its impact on how we perceive and evaluate nighttime lighting. It is argued that competing notions of the sublime, manifested through artificial illumination and the natural night sky respectively, reinforce a...
journal article 2018
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van de Poel, I.R. (author), Sand, M. (author)
The notion of responsible innovation suggests that innovators carry additional responsibilities (to society, stakeholders, users) beyond those commonly suggested. In this paper, we will discuss the meaning of these novel responsibilities focusing on two philosophical problems of attributing such responsibilities to innovators. The first is...
journal article 2018
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Teunissen, Godfried (author), Lindhout, P. (author), Abma, T. A. (author)
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of chronic illness on a couple’s life experiences over a period of 40 years. It critically examines the assumptions of the public health discourse in the light of this couple’s attempts to balance love and health care within their relationship. Design/methodology/approach: The couple...
journal article 2018
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Verdiesen, E.P. (author)
As the reach and capabilities of Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems increases, there is also a growing awareness of the ethical, legal and societal impact of the potential actions and decisions of these systems. Many are calling for guidelines and regulations that can ensure the responsible design, development, implementation, and policy of...
conference paper 2018
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Floridi, Luciano (author), Cowls, Josh (author), Beltrametti, Monica (author), Chatila, Raja (author), Chazerand, Patrice (author), Dignum, M.V. (author), Luetge, Christoph (author), Madelin, Robert (author), Pagallo, Ugo (author), More Authors (author)
This article reports the findings of AI4People, an Atomium—EISMD initiative designed to lay the foundations for a “Good AI Society”. We introduce the core opportunities and risks of AI for society; present a synthesis of five ethical principles that should undergird its development and adoption; and offer 20 concrete recommendations—to assess...
journal article 2018
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de Boer, J.S. (author)
This paper is a partial review of the literature on ‘social preferences’. There are empirical findings that convincingly demonstrate the existence of social preferences, but there are also studies that indicate their fragility. So how robust are social preferences, and how exactly are they context dependent? One of the most promising insights...
journal article 2017
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van de Poel, I.R. (author), Asveld, L. (author), Flipse, S.M. (author), Klaassen, Pim (author), Scholten, V.E. (author), Yaghmaei, E. (author)
Responsible research and innovation (RRI) has become an important topic in the academic community and in policy circles, but it has not yet been systematically included in the innovation process of companies. We discuss how companies can integrate RRI into their corporate social responsibility (CSR) policies and business strategy. To this end...
journal article 2017
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Robbins-van Wynsberghe, A.L. (author), Donhauser, Justin (author)
Environmental scientists and engineers have been exploring research and monitoring applications of robotics, as well as exploring ways of integrating robotics into ecosystems to aid in responses to accelerating environmental, climatic, and biodiversity changes. These emerging applications of robots and other autonomous technologies present...
journal article 2017
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Roeser, S. (author)
Climate change is a pressing phenomenon with huge potential ethical, legal and social policy implications. Climate change gives rise to intricate moral and policy issues as it involves contested science, uncertainty and risk. In order to come to scientifically and morally justified, as well as feasible, policies, targeting climate change...
journal article 2017
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van de Poel, I.R. (author), Robaey, Z.H. (author)
Safe-by-design (SbD) aims at addressing safety issues already during the R&D and design phases of new technologies. SbD has increasingly become popular in the last few years for addressing the risks of emerging technologies like nanotechnology and synthetic biology. We ask to what extent SbD approaches can deal with uncertainty, in...
journal article 2017
Searched for: subject:"Ethics"
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